The History of Art Education Time Line 1820-1829
Decades of art education history in contexts of schooling and artworlds

  • The Hudson River School emerged as a loosely organized group of painters, whose subjects depicted the natural setting of the American continent. Examples of these artists include Thomas Cole, Thomas Doughty, and Alvan Fisher. This art movement was reflective of America and influential to Americans. Because these works were part of visual culture, and because visual culture surrounded students less than it does today, works like this would be remembered and influential.
  • The Troy Female Seminary was founded by pioneer Emma Willard. Troy gave women the opportunity to earn a collegiate education and offered opportunities for women teachers. Troy, now Emma Willard School, was renamed after Willard's retirement in 1938.
  • Boston English High School originally known as a "terminal" school opened in Boston, Massachusetts, mainly for boys twelve years or older. It was one of the first free public schools in the United States. Free schooling had begun as an idea during the early 1700's. Free schooling was mainly for poor children whose parents could not afford to pay for them to attend a private school.
  • John Rubens Smith produced his Juvenile Drawing Book. It came in three volumes and sold for seventy-two dollars. Because of the high cost, this book was probably used primarily for informal schooling of upper class children.
  • An Introduction to Linear Drawing was published by William Bentley Fowle. This was the first documented book for teaching art in the United States public schools. Fowle, who was not an artist, translated the book from the original French version by M. Louis Francoeur and added various problems, illustrations, and instruction for basic perspective drawing. Through simple exercises, it gave directions for drawing lines, angles, geometry, simple moldings, classical forms, and architecture.
  • Fielding Lucas published his book entitled Lucas’ Progressive Drawing Book. Its three sections taught pencil drawing, landscape watercolor painting, and John Varley’s treatise on perspective. Of particular interest was the second section which instructed watercolor techniques through series of color images illustrating the successive stages. Influence of the Hudson River School can be seen by the book’s focus on landscapes and images of east coast scenery. Lucas’ book was intended for use by adults. For this reason, along with its high price, the book was never adopted by public schools.