The History of Art Education Time Line 1840-1849
Decades of art education history in contexts of schooling and artworlds

Year
Events
1840
  • Elizabeth Palmer Peabody was a pioneer in art education. She not only established the first organized kindergarten by 1820 in Lancaster, she was also a philosopher. Before taking a stance in the Transcendantal movement by opening a bookshop in Boston, she published papers with her thoughts and expressions about how art needed to be taught in school. [Edward Brucker, Fall 2002]
1846
  • The Smithsonian Museum is established in the Old Patent Office Building in Washington D.C. In 1968 the National Museum of American Art, a branch of the Smithsonian, opens to the public in the original Patent Office Building. The Smithsonian Museum holds the largest collection of American art in the world. [Larissa Goldstein, Spring 2002]
1847
  • John Gadsby Chapman published his American Drawing Book for "general use in schools as well as home instruction."
1848
  • The Philadelphia School of Design for Women is established by Sarah Worthington Peter. The college, now called Moore College of Art and Design, is the first and only art college for women in the United States, and one of only two existing art colleges for women in the world. This advance gave women a chance to learn both a trade to become financially independent, and gain an education and respect from her peers. [Emily Valenza, Spring 2002]
  • Drawing classes for young, middle-class women, held by Sarah Worthington King Peter, mark the beginnings of the Philadelphia School of Design for Women, which still thrives today. [Eva Tarbuk, Spring 2002]