ESL 015 - Section 7
Instructor: Jie Zhang
April 16, 2007
More and more
Kazakh people, living in the Republic of Kazakhstan, are loosing their own
language because they use Russian in their everyday speech.
Russian was declared the second
official language. Government papers, newspapers and magazines are written both
in Kazakh and Russian. All schools and universities have two types of classes:
Russian and Kazakh. TV and radio programs have both language versions.† Some people question themselves on why should
they even know the Kazakh language when Russian is the main communication tool.
They speak Russian to their job partners, families and friends. It is (Russian
language) understood by most country fellows. So, what is the problem of not
knowing Kazakh by native people?† It must
be shameful for Kazakhs living in
In the first place, language is closely related to nationís history, culture, its traditions and customs. Historically, when most Turkic tribes were separated and developed their own culture and own language to communicate with each other, it was the Kazakh language that united the nation (Berdiyev, 1995). Language is the foundation for turning a big community to the whole nation.† Moreover, language is the key for understanding the nationís culture. There is no person in the world who would know traditions or culture of the nation well, while not speaking their language. In order to understand foreign culture, people first learn foreign language to speak to the native people. How could someone understand and follow the customs of a country when he or she does not possess the knowledge of the language pertaining to the place? Language is a strong tool in learning any other culture or even religion. How can a person become a true Muslim if he or she can not to read sacred Koran written in Arabic? Certainly, they
would first try to learn that language in order to understand what they are saying while praying. So, itís very clear that language is closely connected to the nationís culture. ďLoss of the language ultimately means loss of a culture, of entire way of thinkingĒ (Krauss, 2000). A nationís whole identity is wrapped up in their language. When nation loses a language, it loses a whole cultural identity. In addition, people wonít be able to read their ancestorsí great writings if they donít know the language in which those works were written. Of course, the poems and stories have been translated to different languages, including Russian, but the original writings are always different from the translations. Abaiís poems, Kurmangazyís songs, Valikhanovís life stories are great masterpieces of Kazakh national literature. These people are Kazakhsí great famous ancestors, and most of their works were addressed exactly towards Kazakh nation, supporting them to preserve Kazakh language for the next generations, as they saved it for their children, during cruel struggles and wars. The ignorance of native language by Kazakhs today means that their ancestorsí endeavor in preserving their culture turns out to be worthless.
Kazakh at the kindergartens we will achieve certain results. We will create all
necessary conditions for that.Ē(Massimov,
2007). The President of the
Altogether, it is
beneficial to know several languages, but first and foremost people should know
they own language perfectly and try to preserve it.
Berdiyev, K., (2000, March). History of
Krauss, M., (2000, November). Rescue efforts. CQ Researcher, 40, 943-944
Makulbekov, M., (2006, May).
††††††††††††† development. Retrieved May, 2006, from†
Makulbekov, M., (2007, February). Kazakh language development an affair of national †††
†††††††††††††† importance: Massimov. Retrieved February, 2007, from††
Makulbekov, M., (2007, February). Development of the Presidentís Message. Retrieved
†††††††††††††† March, 2007, from ††††
Massimov, K., (2007, February) on Khabar News Channel indicated that ďIf we start †
†††††††††††††† teaching Kazakh at the kindergartens we will achieve certain results. We will
†††††††††††††† create all necessary conditions for that.Ē