Lect. #12  Labrang Monastery

I. Introduction (Pictures)
       A. Amdo
              1. Physical Topographical boundaries
                     - Tibetan Changtang Plateau
                     - Kunlun Mountains
                     - Inner Asian deserts
                     - Qinghai, Gansu, and Sichuan provinces
              2. Average elevation 14000 ft
              3. Population
                     - Nomadic
                     - Livestock production
                     - Predominantly ethnic Tibetan
                               + Mongols
                               + Hui
                               + Salar
                               + Han


       B. Early Historical Overview
              1. Imperial Period (612-842)
                     a. Less chaotic
                     b. Buddhist lineages

              2. Song dynasty (960–1279)
                     1) Amdo buffer zone
                     2) Relationship with Song based on enticements not force
 
              3. Yuan to Ming period (1279–1368; 1368-11644))
                     a. Mongol consolidation 1252
                     b. Sakya Pendita (1182-1251)
                     c. Ming dynasty
                            - Political fragmentation (Amdo)
                            - Han Chinese form of power (no longer Mongolian connections)

              4. Rise of the Gelukpas

II. Labrang Monastery

       A. Founded 1709 (photo/photo 2)
              1. Model/Structure/Social
              2 Students and Curriculum
                     a. Varied students
                     b. Curriculum
                            - Broad range of Tantras
                            - Study and memorization of philosophical and tantric scripts
                            - Colleges
                               + Ngakpa (Tantric) Monastery: Nyingma oriented
                               + Non Buddhist Religions
                                         * Bon
                                         * Mosques
                                         * Christian missions
                                         * Confucian/Daoist temples

       B. Politics
              1. Sources of revenue
                     a. Monastery estates (ta revenue corvee)

              2. First Jamyang Zhepa (1648 - d.1721/1722)
                     a. Early Life
                            - Fifth Dalai Lama
                            - Drepung Monastery (Gomang)
                            - Age 27: full vows
                            - 27 to 33: Writing period
                     b. 1709: Return to Amdo

              3. Second Jamyang Zhepa (1728-1791)
              4. Legacy

III. Conclusions

       A. Jurisdiction
              1. Interaction with Qing China
              2. Tibetan?