Lect. # 11 Fifth Dalai Lama

I. Introduction
     A. Tibet in the 1500s
                 - Political Power
                     + Religious
 
                     + Political
                     + Economic

                 - CHÖYÖN: Preceptor-Patron

     B. 16th century Tibet
                 - Political Power
                     + Karma Tseten Dorje [Zhingshag Tseten Dorje]

                     + 1548 - Governor of Tsang province
                     + Political unification

                 - Five Great Actions
                     + Widespread support from religious authorities

                     + Sakyapa, Jonanpa, Karma Kagyupa
                     + Gelugpa: Drepung, Sera, Ganden monasteries

                 - Rise of Mongolian influence
                     +
1577: Conversion of Altan Khan (Tumed Mongols)
                     + 1589: Reincarnation of Third Dalai Lama
                     + Fourth Dalai Lama (d. 1616)


II. Fifth Dalai Lama

    A. Background
        1. 1618
              a. Increased conflict between Karma Tseten Dorje and Gelugpa
                 - 1621 - Battle near Lhasa
                       + Panchen Lobzang Chogyan (1567-1662)
                       + Search for Fifth DL
                       + Multiple candidates: selection by lots

    B. First six years (1616-1622)
        1. Plot against Karma Tseten Dorje

        2. Tests to authenticate correct reincarnation
        3. Konchok Lhundrub (Nyingmapa)

    C. Coming of age
        1. Traditional education: Buddhist philosophy, Sanskrit, Poetry
        2. Konchok Lhundrub (Nyingmapa)
        3. Abbot of Drepung monastery


    D. Mongol Intervention
        1.
1637: Gushri Khan to Amdo
        2. 1639: Kham
        3. 1641: U-Tsang
   

    E. 1642
        1.
Fifth DL enthroned as King of Tibet
                 - Above chöyön structure
        2. Lhasa and Potala
        3. Rise of the Qing

                 - 1652: Invitation to China
                 - 1653: Beijing
                       + Gold seal and gold plaque
        3. 1654: Lhasa

 

II. Conclusions
    A. Tibet
        1. Territorial unification
        2. Diplomatic mediation (1667, 1674, 1675)
        3. Spiritual matters
        4. 1682: 65 years old