HIST10 World Civ
Lect. # 12

China's Cosmopolitan Age & the Silk Road

IDs:
         Chang'an (Xi'an)
         Xuanzang
         Silk Road(s)

         Civil Service Exams
         Paper Money

I. Introduction
         A. Idealized Chinese World View & the West  (Cosmopolitan
                • Cosmopolitan China:  Tang and Song Dynasties
                          - Chinese Tang Tomb Figures (image)

II. Tang Dynasty (618-907) [map]

         A. "Non-native Empire"
                • Not ethnically Chinese
                • Tuoba Xianbei

         B. West and the Rest? 
                • Four Great Inventions of China:
                          - Compass(400 BC)
                          -
Paper (105 AD)
                          - Printing/Moveable type (c. 600)
                          - Gunpowder (c. 850 AD)

                • Other Chinese Inventions
                          - Porcelin (c. 1600 BC / 800 AD
                          - Umbrella (21 AD)
                          -
Movable sails and rudder (c. 200 AD)
                          - Civil Service (meritocracy) (c. 600 AD)
                          - Paper money (c. 800 AD/1023 AD)

         B. Chang'an (Xian) - map
                • City Walls
                          - 27 square miles
                          - layout non-Confucian
                          - cosmological
                          - geometrical
                          - control

 
                • SILK ROAD - Cosmopolitanism
                          - Persians, Uighurs, Sogdians, Arabs, Jews, Indians, Koreans, Tibetans, Malays, Japanese
               
       - Western Market

                • Officials

                          - 'warming the exam papers'
 
         C.  Tang Dynasty and Foreign Ideas
                • Openness
                          - Nestorian Christianity
                • Daoism
                • Buddhism in China
                          - Xuanzang
                               1. Journey to the West
                            2. Nalanda Monastery (India)
                                3. Big Wild Goose Pagoda


        D. Tang Poetry
                • Wang Wei & Translating
                •  Li Bai
     
      E. Fall of the Tang

IV. Conclusion
         A. Why ask Why?
                •  China not isolated