ANCIENT EGYPT - People and Art
In Ancient Egypt, basically people are characterized by definite social classes dictated by an Egyptian's profession. These social classes are arranged like a pyramid. The very bottom of the "Social Pyramid" includes soldiers, farmers, and tomb builders. These populations represent the greatest percent of the Egyptian. This Social Pyramid worked just like the real pyramid; the base supports the rest of the structure so as the workers supported the professionals above them. Next above the workers were skilled craftsmen. They are the responsible artists that used primitive tools to make everything include carts and coffins. Up above them were the scribes; they are people who knew how to read and write. These skills gave advantages to them to have many types of job. They wrote letters for townspeople, recorded harvests and also kept accounts for the Egyptian army. Priests, doctors, and engineers sat above them as they were more scholarly scribes with higher positions. Priests would stay in the temple and never left that holy place at least three months out of every year to perform their religious duties. They also worked as judges and teachers other than became a priest.
Ancient Egypt had its own hierarchy for the medical profession. The chief medical officer of Egypt sat at the very top of the hierarchy. Beneath him were the superintendents and inspectors of physicians, followed by the physicians. Egyptian doctors were very experienced and advanced in their knowledge regarding herbal remedies and surgical techniques. The medicine was not limited for remedies and surgical only, there were also magic, charms, and spells. Mathematical and architectural knowledge are conquered by engineers. They were the person who responsible for the planning and building of the monuments, temples, and pyramids of Egypt.
In ancient Egypt, architects were not the actual builders; they were responsible to take in charge of the branch of government. The scribes, who did the calculations, drew up the plans, surveyed the sites, and supervised the work day. Above these three highest positions were the high priests and noblemen. They became the assistants, generals, and administrators to the pharaoh, who together formed the government; the pharaoh's closest advisor was the vizier. The pharaoh which was considered as a god on earth conquered the top of the social pyramid. The Egyptians were very lucky that even food crisis occurred nearby parts of the world; the Nile valley always yielded more than enough sources to feed the country.
Ancient Egypt Art
According to the history, Egyptian art is five thousand years old and basically all forms of art followed one law: a great concern was put on the mode of representing man, nature and the environment remained still almost the same for thousands of years. This included homeometric regularity, keen observation and exact representation of actual subjects. The arts have emerged and took shape in the ancient Egypt, the civilization of the Nile Valley. Those who could replicate most admired styles of the past were the most admired artists for Egyptian. Most artists tried their best to preserve everything of the present time as clearly and permanently as possible including some art forms that present an extraordinarily vivid representation of the time and the life, as the ancient Egyptian life was lived thousand of years before.
Paintings and sculptures form of arts were expressed in Ancient Egypt as they were highly symbolic and fascinating. They played the same role to revolve round the past and were intended to keep history alive. Besides, the canonical 2D and 3D art also were the best form of arts that represent the Ancient Egyptian. They were developed in Egypt from 3000 BC and used until the 3rd century. Most elements of Egyptian art were to be noted remain remarkably stable over the 3000 year period. These elements strongly represent the ancient civilization itself completely based on the true history without strong outside influence. This same basic conventions and quality of observation started at a high level and remained near that level over the period.
Gods, goddesses, and Pharaohs became the main subject for many of the great works of Ancient Egypt. These highlighted subjects were also considered divine. They represented the highly religious nature of Ancient Egyptian civilization. Idea of order became the characterization of Ancient Egyptian art. In other side, in order to create a sense of order and balance in the art of ancient Egypt, clear and simple lines combined with simple shapes and flat areas of color. Vertical and horizontal reference lines were also use by the Ancient Egyptian artists to maintain the correct proportions in their work. The art was not limited for the real subjects only as the political and religious, as well as artistic order was also maintained in Egyptian art. Plus, figures were drawn to sizes based not on their distance from the painter's point of view but on relative importance to clearly define the social hierarchy of a situation; the Pharaoh would be drawn as the largest figure in a painting no matter where he was situated, and a greater God would be drawn larger than a lesser god.