Hunters' Narratives

NB: Add Cisse texts

Throughout West Africa, hunters have formed associations which serve a variety of purposes. In former times, they provided a cooperative network to regulate the hunting of game and to provide assistance for hunting the larger and more dangerous animals. Nowadays, their function is more cultural than practical, as the wildlife is disappearing and hunting no longer has its former economic importance. However, in Mande groups the songs of hunters remain a significant cultural form, and hunters' songs often take the form of extended narratives which closely resemble the historical epic singing. There are significant differences, beginning with the status of the performer. The singers of historic praises and epics are jeliw, members of a hereditary status group, whereas the singers of hunters' songs may come from any group.

This listing includes hunters' narratives from all the Mande groups; some of the narratives are listed separately under Mandinka. A reader interested in hunters' narratives should also look at the listing given under Songhay/Zarma, for in many cases the story-lines are quite similar.

Mieru Baa Fanta Maa

Hayidara pp. 14-111: bilingual

Bamana / Bozo 1977
Seydou Camara Nyakhalen la forgeronne

Thoyer 1986

Maninka

bilingual

ca. 1980
Manden Mori

Cashion 1984, vol 2, App. II. pp. 1-166.

Maninka

bilingual

1976
Famori

Cashion 1984, vol. 2 pp. 1-332.

Maninka 1977
Kambili

Camara 1974 and Camara 1976

Maninka ca. 1970
Bilali of Faransekila

Conrad 1989, pp. 47-59.

Maninka

English

16 Oct. 1975
Fajigi

Conrad 1981, pp. 730-765

Maninka

English

Sept. 1975
** Sumoso Yiraba

McNaughton 1979, pp. 40-41

Maninka

English

1976
** Neri Koro

McNaughton 1979, p. 13

Maninka

English

1976
** Given only in summary; also classified as komo songs
Amara Fofana Bamori and Kowulen

Derive 1978

Dyula

bilingual

4 March 1975
Bala Jinba Jakite Dingo Kanbili

Dosseh Joseph Coulibaly

Bamana

French

1979
Mamadu Jara Sirankomi

Thoyer-Rozat, Chants vol. 1 pp. 27-119

Bamana

bilingual

ca. 1975
Kambili

Thoyer-Rozat Chants vol. 2

Bamana

bilingual

ca. 1978
Manding Mori

Thoyer-Rozat, Chants vol.1, pp. 158-213

Bamana

bilingual

ca. 1978
Banjugu

Thoyer-Rozat, Chants vol.1, pp.120-157.

Bamana

bilingual

ca. 1978
Bakari Kamara Mambi and the Crocodile

Innes and Sidibe 1990

Mandinka

English

1969
Mammadu and the Great Beast

Innes and Sidibe 1990

Mandinka

English

1969
Ndugace Samake Birisi Ngoni

Thoyer-Rozat, Chants vol.3, pp. 138-181

Bamana

bilingual

ca. 1978
Misiba Bamana

Thoyer-Rozat, Chants vol. 3, 90 bis-137

Bamana

bilingual

ca. 1978
Bolinyana

Thoyer-Rozat, Chants vol. 3, pp. 182-265

Bamana

bilingual

ca. 1978
Maghan Jan

Thoyer-Rozat Chants,vol. 3, pp. 8-90

Bamana

bilingual

ca. 1978
Batoma Sanogo Bani-Nyenema

Fode Sidibe 1984.

Bamana

bilingual

ca. 1975
Ndoronkelen

Fode Sidibe 1984.

Bamana

bilingual

ca. 1975
Mahamadu Lamini Sunbunu Fanta Maa

Hayidara pp. 113-201

Bamana / Bozo ca. 1980






REFERENCES

Charles Bird, ed. and trans. "Bambara oral prose and verse narratives." in African Folklore, ed. Richard Dorson. New York: Anchor Books. 1972. pp. 441-477.

Seydou Camara. Kambili. Ed and trans. Charles Bird, Bourama Soumaoro, Gerald Cashion, Mamadou Kante. Bloomington, Indiana University Linguistics Club. 1974. Bamana text in 1976.

Gerald Cashion. Hunters of the Mande: A Behavioral Code and Worldview derived from the Study of their Folklore. Dissertation, Indiana University, 1984. 2 vols.

Youssouf Tata Cisse. Les confréries de chasseurs malinke. Paris: Karthala, 1994

David C. Conrad, ed. and trans. "'Bilali of Faransekila': A West African Hunter and World War I Hero ... " History in Africa 16 (1989) 41-70.

David C. Conrad. The Role of Oral Artists in the History of Mali. Dissertation, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, 1981. 2 volumes.

Dosseh Joseph Coulibaly, ed. and trans. Récits des chasseurs du Mali: Dingo Kanbili... de Bala Jinba Jakite. Paris. CILF/Edicef. N.D.

Marie-José Dérive. "'Bamori et Kowulen': chant de chasseurs de la région d'Odienné." in Recueil de littérature mandingue. Paris, 1980. pp. 77-109.

Shekh Tijaan Hayidara, ed. and trans. La geste de Fanta Maa. Niamey, CELHTO, 1987.

Gordon Innes and Bakari Sidibe, eds. and trans. Hunters and Crocodiles: Narratives of a Hunters' Bard Performed by Bakari Kamara. Sandgate, Paul Norbury/Unesco. 1990.

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