number following an individual's name indicates his age at the
time of the Battle of Gettysburg.]
Robert E. Lee
- 56, from Virginia, graduated West Point, Class of 1829. The
general was at the pinnacle of his career and his Army of Northern
Virginia was apparently unstoppable when they marched into the
North that summer of 1863. Lee was the South's greatest and
best-loved commander, and he led one of the most daring armies
ever organized. The Battle of Gettysburg would prove to be the
"high tide" of his army and the war. Died October 22, 1870.
Gen. James Longstreet - 42, from South Carolina and Alabama,
graduated West Point, Class of 1842. "Old Pete," as
he was called by his men, commanded the First Corps of the Army
of Northern Virginia. A stubborn, effective fighter, he opposed
Lee's battle plan at Gettysburg. Much of the Southern controversy
about Gettysburg centers around Longstreet's command decisions
during the battle. In many ways, the events at Gettysburg would
haunt him until the end of his life. Died January 2, 1904.
Gen. Ambrose P. Hill - 37, from Virginia, graduated West
Point, Class of 1847. Troops of his Third Corps opened the Battle
of Gettysburg on July 1, 1863. His troops also fought on July
2, and he sent the better part of two divisions into the grand
assault on July 3, also known as "Pickett's Charge."
He was killed in action at Petersburg on April 2, 1865.
Gen. Lewis A. Armistead - 46, from Virginia, dismissed from
West Point, 1836; joined the regular Army. A brigade commander
in Pickett's division, he pierced his hat with his sword and
led a few score of men through a breech in the Union center
where the stone wall made a right angle toward the Union rear.
He was mortally wounded in Pickett's Charge on July 3, 1863,
and died on July 5.
Gen. Richard S. Ewell - 46, from Virginia, graduated West
Point, Class of 1840. Commander of Lee's Second Corps, he led
"Stonewall Jackson's old corps at Gettysburg. Though brilliant
on the first day of the battle, he would later fail to take
key Union positions and allwed his subordinate commanders to
set the tone of the battle on the Confederate left. He was wounded
and lost a leg at Second Manassas and died January 25, 1872.
Gen. George E. Pickett - 38, from Virginia, graduated West
Point, Class of 1846. One of the more flamboyant of Lee's generals,
he commanded a division of Virginia soldiers. His name is forever
associated with the third and final day of the battle and the
climactic attack against the Union center, known as "Pickett's
Charge." Died July 30, 1875.