Instructional Goals and Objectives

Introduction

This site will introduce you to instructional goals, the three types of instructional objectives you may need to create to reach your goals, and the best way to write and assess them. Enjoy!

What is a Goal?

Goals are broad, generalized statements about what is to be learned. Think of them as a target to be reached, or "hit."

Image created by the author, covered under this site's CC License. An arrow flying through the air.

Goal Example: Students will gain an understanding of world cultures.

What is an Objective?

Objectives are the foundation upon which you can build lessons and assessments that you can prove meet your overall course or lesson goals. Think of objectives as tools you use to make sure you reach your goals. They are the arrows you shoot towards your target (goal).

Image created by the author, covered under this site's CC License. An arrow flying through the air towards a target.

Objective Example: Given a list of comparison points, tudents will compare the three major points of two given cultures in writing with 90% accuracy.

Are Goals and Objectives Really That Important?

The purpose of objectives is not to restrict spontaneity or constrain the vision of education in the discipline; but to ensure that learning is focused clearly enough that both students and teacher know what is going on, and so learning can be objectively measured.

Different archers have different styles, so do different teachers. Thus, you can shoot your arrows (objectives) many ways. The important thing is that they reach your target (goals) and score that bullseye!

Image created by the author, covered under this site's CC License. An arrow in the bullseye of a target.

Thus, stating clear course objectives is important because:

Types of Objectives

There are three types of objectives:

Read on to learn about these different types!