Selected Readings, No. 32

December 15, 1994

"In this Work, when it shall be found that much is omitted, let it not be forgotten that much likewise is performed."
-- Samuel Johnson

  Greetings! Selected Readings is compiled and edited by Kevin Berland, with the able assistance of the Volunteer Fire Brigade, Jeffrey Merrick; Hans Rollman; A.J. Wright.

  This issue of Selected Readings was originally circulated as an email message to all C18-L subscribers; in this format, special characters, diacritical marks, and formatting were not provided, and may be missing from this version.

  Special thanks to Leigh Eicke for rescuing the text from her virtual attic.

  What kinds of things make it into the bibliography? Good question! Please see the explanations and caveats on the Selected Readings Modus Operandi Page.

BIBLIOGRAPHY, BIBLIOLATRY, BIBLIOLOGY, BIBLIOPOLY, HISTORY OF THE BOOK & PUBLISHING, LIBRARIES, &c.

Chartier, R. "From the History of Publishing to the History of Reading: The French Perspective" [in Italian]. Archivo Storico Italiano, 152, 559 (1994): 135-72.

* Clark, Charles E. The Public Prints: The Newspaper in Anglo-American Culture, 1665-1740. Oxford University Press, 1994. 344p.

Fleeman, J.D. "Bibliography on Book and Library History." Notes and Queries, 41, 2 (June 1994): 143.

Janssens-Knorsch, U. " Remarkable Collection of English Books in the Netherlands: The Bibliotheca Scheurleeriana, 1750-1763." LIAS - Sources and Documents Relating to the Early Modern History of Ideas, 20, 2 (1993): 287-.

Morris, J. "A Fanfare Binding by Antoine Ruette for James II, c.1690." Book Collector, 43, 2 (Summer 1994): 256 ff.

Underhill, T., & H. Basford. "The Teachers of Baskerville, John Dougharty the Elder (1677-1755) and John Doharty the Younger (c.1707-c.1763)." Notes and Queries, 41, 2 (June 1994): 191.

Williams, P. "Baskerville, Marbler." Library, 16, 2 (June 1994): 141-2 [response to Diana Patterson's article on Baskerville].

CANADA, L'ACADIE, LA NOUVELLE FRANCE, QUÉBEC, &c.

Butler, G.R. "Folkloristics and Ethnology in Canada." Journal of Canadian Studies / Revue d'études canadiennes, 29, 1 (Spring 1994): 3-10.

Rollmann, Hans. "'Thy Real Friend George Skeffington': Quaker and Salmon Fishing Pioneer in Eighteenth-Century Newfoundland." Journal of the Friends Historical Society, 57, 1 (1994): 13-20.

CHINA

Bray, F. "Women's Work in Imperial China: Weaving New Patterns in the Social Fabric" [in French]. Annales (Histoire, Sciences Sociales), 49, 4 (juillet-aout 1994): 777-82.

Pozzi, A. "A Note on Wang Zhong-han's Contribution to the Study of Manchu and Qing History." Central Asiatic Journal, 38, 1 (1994): 1-10.

Sabban, F. "The Sugar Industry, the Sugarcane Roller Mill, and Sino-Portuguese Relations from the 16th-18th Centuries" [in French]. Annales (Histoire, Sciences Sociales), 49, 4 (juillet-aout 1994): 817-62.

Will, P.E. "Quantitative and Qualitative Development in Late Imperial China" [in French]. Annales (Histoire, Sciences Sociales), 49, 4 (juillet-aout 1994): 863-902.

CLASSICS & RHETORIC

Bator, P.G. "The Unpublished Rhetoric Lectures of Robert Watson, Professor of Logic, Rhetoric, and Metaphysics at the University of St. Andrew s, 1756-78." Rhetorica, 12, 1 (Winter 1994): 67-114.

Hansson, S. "Rhetoric for 17th-Century Salons: Beata Rosenhane's Exercise Books and Classical Rhetoric." Rhetorica, 12, 1 (Winter 1994): 43-66.

[see titles by Baldwin listed under History of Art-Reynolds]

COMPUTERS IN THE HUMANITIES

§ Computers in the Humanities, 27, 5-6 (1993) is a special issue on the topic "A New Direction for Literary Studies?" Articles include: P.A. Fortier, Introduction (305); M. Olsen, "Signs, Symbols and Discourses: A New Direction for Computer-Aided Literary Studies" (309); C. Henry, "The Surface of Language and Humanities Computing" (315); E. Spolsky, "Have It Your Way and Mine: The Theory of Styles" (323); S.N. Matsuba, "Finding the Range: Linguistic Analysis and Its Role in Computer-Assisted Literary Study" (331); D. Taylor, "Literary Texts and the State of the Language: The Role of the Computer" (341); G.L. Greco & P. Shoemaker, "Intertextuality and Large Corpora, a Medievalist Approach" (349); D. Bruce, "Towards the Implementation of Text and Discourse Theory in Computer-Assisted Textual Analysis" (357); J.D. Goldfield, "An Argument for Single Author and Similar Studies Using Quantitative Methods: Is There Safety in Numbers?" (365); P.A. Fortier, "Babies, Bathwater, and the Study of Literature" (375); M. Olsen, "Critical Theory and Textual Computing."

§ We would also like to call your attention to Digital Word: Text-Based Computing in the Humanities, ed. by G.P. Landow & P. Delany. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1993. 362pp. ISBN: 0-262-12176-X -- articles include: Delany & Landow, "Managing the Digital Word: The Text in an Age of Electronic Reproduction" (3); J. Virbel, "Reading and Managing Texts on the Bibliothèque de France Station" (31); M. Zimmerman, "The Free Text Project: Large-Scale Personal Information" (55); S. Stigleman, "Text-Management Software: A Taxonomy" (69); J.H. Coombs, A.H. Renear, S.J. Derose, "Markup Systems and the Future of Scholarly Text Processing" (85); S.J. Derose, "Markup Systems in the Present" (119); C. Tomer, "Emerging Electronic Library Services and the Idea of Location Independence" (139); J.H. Clear, "The British National Corpus" (164); P. Delany, "From the Scholar's Library to the Personal Docuverse" (189); A.T. Mackenzie, "The Academic Online" (201); A.H. Renear, G. Bilder, "Two Theses About the New Scholarly Communication" (217); "Electronic Conferences and Samizdat Textuality: The Example of Technoculture" (236); S. Moulthrop, N. Kaplan, "Seeing Through the Interface: Computers and the Future of Composition" (254); P.M.W. Robinson, "Redefining Critical Editions" (271); I. Lancashire, "Computer-Assisted Critical Analysis: A Case Study of Margaret Atwood's Handmaid's Tale" (293); D.S. Miall, "Beyond the Word: Reading and the Computer" (319).

ECONOMICS

Armitage, D. "The Projecting Age: William Paterson and the Bank of England." History Today, 44, 6 (June 1994): 5-10.

Daunton, M. "The Entrepreneurial State, 1700-1714." History Today, 44, 6 (June 1994): 11-16.

* Habakkuk, John. Landowners: Marriage, Debt, and the Estates System, 1650-1950. Oxford University Press, 1994. 792p. [Britain]

Jackson, R.V. "Inequality of Incomes and Lifespans in England Since 1688." Economic History Review, 47, 3 (August 1994): 508-24.

Shammas, C. "The Decline of Textile Prices in England and British America Prior to Industrialization." Economic History Review, 47, 3 (August 1994): 483-507.

ENGLAND - HISTORY

Atkinson, Alan. "The Free-Born Englishman Transported: Convict Rights as a Measure of Eighteenth-Century Empire." Past & Present, 144 (1994): 88-115.

Carlin, N. :Liberty and Fraternities in the English Revolution: The Politics of London Artisans' Protests, 1635-59." International Review of Social History, 39, 2 (August 1994): 223-54.

Cruickshanks, Eveline. "Cowper, Orrery, Wharton, and Jacobitism." Albion, 26, 1 (Spring 1994): 27-40. With C. Jones, "1720-23 and All That: A Reply to Cruickshanks," 41-54.

* Eastwood, David. Governing Rural England: Tradition and Transformation in Local Government 1780-1840. Oxford University Press, 1994. 328pp.

* Epstein, James A. Radical Expression: Political Language, Ritual and Symbol in England, 1790-1850. Oxford University Press, 1994. 248 pp.

* Gatrell, V.A.C. The Hanging Tree: Execution and the English People 1770-1868. Oxford University Press, 1994. 520 pp.

* Gerrard, Christine. Walpole and the Patriots: Politics, Poetry, and Myth, 1725-1742. Oxford , 1995. 350p.

Goldie, M., & J. Spurr. "Politics and the Restoration Parish: Edward Fowler and the Struggle for St. Giles Cripplegate." English Historical Review, 109, 432 (June 1994): 572-96.

Hills, A. "Canal History Waterlogged." History Today, 44, 6 (June 1994): 4 ff.

Nunning, V. "In Speech an Irony, In Fact a Fiction: Functions of 18th-Century English Historiography in the Conflict Between Pretense and Reality" [in German]. Zeitschrift fur Historische Forschung, 21, 1 (1994): 37-64.

Peters, M. "The Myth of Pitt the Great Imperialist. 2. Chatham and Imperial Reorganization, 1763-78." Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 22, 3 (September 1994): 393-431.

Pettit, A. "Propaganda, Public Relations, and the Remarks on the Craftsman's Vindication of His Two Honble. Patrons, in His Paper of May 22, 1731." Huntington Library Quarterly, 57, 1 (Winter 1994): 45-60.

* Smith, M.A. Religion in Industrial Society: Oldham and Saddleworth 1740-1865. Oxford University Press, 1994. 360 pp.

Targett, S. "Government and Ideology During the Age of Whig Supremacy: The Political Argument of Walpole and the Newspaper Propagandists." Historical Journal, 37, 2 (June 1994): 289-318.

Taylor, S. "Plus ça change...? New Perspectives on the Revolution of 1688." Historical Journal, 37, 2 (June 1994): 457-70 [review article].

Travers, T. "The Development of English Military Historical Writing and Thought from the 18th Century to the Present," in Military History and the Military Profession, ed. D.A. Charters, M. Mulner, & J.B. Wilson (Westport: Præger, 1992), pp. 23-44.

Walsham, Alexandra. "'The Fatall Vesper:' Providentialism and Anti-Popery in Late Jacobean London." Past & Present, 144 (1994): 36-87.

ENGLAND - LITERATURE

*Bartolomeo, Joseph F. A New Species of Criticism: Eighteenth-Century Discourse on the Novel. University of Delaware Press, 1994. 209pp. ISBN 0-874133-488-9 [Defoe, Fielding, Johnson, Richardson]

Chandler, D. "William Taylor's The Vision and Its Source in Johann Gleim's Preussische Kriegslieder." Notes and Queries, 41, 2 (June 1994): 218.

Dzelzainis, M. "An Allusion to Milton in the Transproser Rehearsed." Notes and Queries, 41, 2 (June 1994): 172.

Ezell, M.J. "Reading Pseudonyms in 17th-Century Coterie Literature." Essays in Literature, 21, 1 (Spring 1994): 14-25.

Jowett, J. "Notes on Henry Chettle." Review of English Studies, 45, 179 (August 1994): 384-88.

* Richetti, John, et al., ed. The Columbia History of the English Novel. Columbia University Press, 1994. 1064pp. ISBN 0-231-07858-7

Pitcher, E.W. "The Essays and Poems of Edmund Rack: Sources and Additions to the Canon." Notes and Queries, 41, 2 (June 1994): 211-.

Rogers, S. "An Attribution for the Age of Dullness (1757). Notes and Queries, 41, 2 (June 1994): 207 [William Popple].

Spacks, Patricia M. "Oscillations of Sensibility: 18th-Century Women Writers and Their Novels." New Literary History, 25, 3 (Summer 1994): 505-20.

Steen, S.J. "Recent Studies in Women Writers of the 17th Century, 1604-1674 (1990-mid-1993)." English Literary Renaissance, 24, 1 (Winter 1994): 243 ff.

Tenger, Z. "Impartial Critick or Muse's Handmaid: The Critical Practice in the Early 18th Century." Essays in Literature, 21, 1 (Spring 1994): 26-42.

ADDISON

Varney, A. "The Lascivious Nightingale: Mild Impropriety in The Spectator." Notes and Queries, 41, 2 (June 1994): 189-.

AUSTEN

Cohen, P.M. "Austen's Rejection of Rousseau: A Novelistic and Feminist Initiation." Papers on Language and Literature, 30, 3 (Summer 1994): 215-34.

O'Farrell, M.A. "Austen's Blush: Social Aesthetics and the Involuntarity of the Body in Her Novels." Novel, 27, 2 (Winter 1994): 125-39.

Smith, P. "Mansfield Park and the World Stage." Cambridge Quarterly, 23, 3 (1994): 203-29.

BARBAULD

* Barbauld, Anna Laetitia. The Poems of Anna Laetitia Barbauld. Ed. William McCarthy & Elizabeth Kraft. University of Georgia Press, 1994. 399pp. ISBN 0-8203-1528-1

BEHN

Dhuicq, B. "Reflections on Morality, or Seneca Unmasqued." Notes and Queries, 41, 2 (June 1994): 175.

Hopkins, P.A. "Aphra Behn and John Hoyle, a Contemporary mention, and Charles Sedley's Poem on His Death." Notes and Queries, 41, 2 (June 1994): 176-.

BLAKE

Bentley, G.E. "William Blake and His Circle: A Checklist of Publications and Discoveries in 1992-93." Blake, 28, 1(Summer 1994): 4-34.

Carson, R. "Blake's Infant Sorrow." Explicator, 52, 3 (Spring 1994): 150 ff.

Stewart, D. "The Context of Blakean Contraries in The Marriage of Heaven and Hell." Essays in Literature, 21, 1 (Spring 1994): 43-53.

COLLINS

Weisman, K.A. "The Aesthetics of Separation: Collins' Ode Occasioned by the Death of Mr. Thomson." Style, 28, 1 (Spring 1994): 55-64.

COWPER

Rogers, P. "With All Thy Faults: Cowper and Bolingbroke." Notes and Queries, 41, 2 (June 1994): 217.

DRYDEN

Richardson, J.A. "Two Allusions in Dryden's Portrait of Corah." Notes and Queries, 41, 2 (June 1994): 174.

DEFOE

DeLuna, D. "The Publication of Defoe's Essay upon Projects." Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America, 87, 4 (December 1993): 503-10.

FIELDING, HENRY

Keymer, T. "Readers and Stage Coaches in Fielding and Sterne." Notes and Queries, 41, 2 (June 1994): 209.

Wilputte, Earla A. "Ambiguous Language and Ambiguous Gender: The Bisexual Text of Shamela." Modern Language Review, 89, 3 (July 1994): 561-7l.

GODWIN

Sullivan, G.A. "A Story to be Hastily Gobbled Up: Caleb Williams and Print Culture." Studies in Romanticism, 32, 3 (Autumn 1993): 323-38.

JOHNSON, SAMUEL

Baldwin, B. "Johnson's Conglobulating Swallows." Notes and Queries, 41, 2 (June 1994): 199-.

Clark, J. "The Heartfelt Toryism of Samuel Johnson." Times Literary Supplement, 4476 (October 14, 1994): 17.

Jain, N. "Johnson's Use of China to Peru." Notes and Queries, 41, 2 (June 1994): 198.

Waterhouse, W.C. "The Louse is Better: Heinsius and Johnson." Notes and Queries, 41, 2 (June 1994): 199.

PHILIPS

Limbert, Claudia A., & John H. O Neill. "Composite Authorship: Katherine Philips and an Antimarital Satire." Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America, 87, 4 (December 1993): 487-502.

PIX

Kramer, A. "Mary Pix's Nebulous Relationship to Zelmane." Notes and Queries, 41, 2 (June 1994): 186.

POPE

Brennan, M. "Alexander Pope and the Somerset Family." Review of English Studies, 45, 179 (August 1994): 357-69.

Sherbo, A. "Pope's Fox Obscene: Some Precursors and Some Successors." Notes and Queries, 41, 2 (June 1994): 187-.

PRIOR

Lindsay, A. "An Unpublished Character by Matthew Prior." Notes and Queries, 41, 2 (June 1994): 185-.

RICHARDSON

Keymer, T. "Clarissa's Death, Clarissa's Sale, and the Text of the Second Edition." Review of English Studies, 45, 179 (August 1994): 389-96.

ROCHESTER

Manning, G. "Rochester's 'Fling This Useless Book Away': An Unlisted Manuscript Copy." Notes and Queries, 41, 2 (June 1994): 173.

SMOLLETT

Chilton, L.A. "Not Quite Proven: Tobias Smollett and the Devil on Crutches." Notes and Queries, 41, 2 (June 1994): 206.

STERNE

Davidson, E. "A Sentimental Journey, Vol. 1: Yorick's Apprenticeship of Manners." CLA Journal, 37, 4 (June 1994): 453-84.

EUROPEAN HISTORY

* Osiander, Andreas. The States System of Europe, 1640-1990: Peacemaking and the Conditions of International Stability. Oxford University Press, 1994. 368p.

* Schroeder, Paul W. The Transformation of European Politics, 1763-1848. Oxford University Press, 1994. 920p.

FRANCE - HISTORY

Bradley, M. "Bonaparte Plans to Invade England in 1801: The Fortunes of Pierre Forfait." Annals of Science, 51, 5 (September 1994): 453-76.

Chereau, C. "Pierre Brunet, patriote français de Durtal, 1750-1789." Annales de Bretagne et des pays de l'ouest, 101, 2 (1994): 47-60.

Cocaud, M., & C. Lecoq. "Le propriété des immeubles en le diocese de Rennes en le siècle 18e: Un essai analytique utilisant des cartes." Annales de Bretagne et des pays de l'ouest, 101, 2 (1994): 103-42.

* Farr, James R. Authority and Sexuality in Early Modern Burgundy (1550-1730). Oxford University Press, 1994. 288 pp.

Garrett, C. "The Myth of the Counterrevolution in 1789." French Historical Studies, 18, 3 (Spring 1994): 784-800.

Hartmann, A.L. "Des foires et marches dans le Maine-et-Loire, 1789- 99." Annales de Bretagne et des pays de l'ouest, 101, 2 (1994): 61-80.

Jousmet, R. "Marriage Contracts and Degrees of Wealth in the Aunis Region from 1750 to 1789" [in French]. Annales de Bretagne et des pays de l'ouest, 101, 2 (1994): 29-46.

Lankhorst, O.S. "Jean-Baptiste le Villain de la Varenne, Journalist of Le Glaneur, and His Request in 1732 to Reenter France" [in French]. LIAS - Sources and Documents Relating to the Early Modern History of Ideas, 20, 2 (1993): 251-68.

Merrick, Jeffrey. "The Cardinal and the Queen: Sexual and Political Disorders in the Mazarinades." French Historical Studies, 18, 3 (Spring 1994): 667-99.

FRANCE - LITERATURE

Rancœur, R. "1993 Bibliography of French Literature from the 16th to the 20th Century" [in French]. Revue d'histoire litteraire de la France, 94, 3-4 (mai-juin 1994): 405-734.

BAYLE

Volkel, M. "On the So-Called Text Logic of Bayle's Dictionnaire." LIAS - Sources and Documents Relating to the Early Modern History of Ideas, 20, 2 (1993): 193-226.

SADE

[See also title by Dubost listed under Interdisciplinary Studies - The Sublime; by Cox listed under Miscellaneous]

GARDEN & LANDSCAPE

Hermand, J. "The Death of the Trees Will Be the End of Us All: Protests Against the Destruction of German Forests, 1780-1950." Journal of Garden History, 14, 3 (July-September 1994): 147-57.

Hunt, John Dixon. "Some Brief Reflections on the Scope and Direction of the Journal of Garden History." Journal of Garden History, 14, 3 (July-September 1994): 139.

Wolschke-Bulmahn, J. "Ethics and Morality: Questions in the History of Garden and Landscape Design." Journal of Garden History, 14, 3 (July-September 1994): 140-46.

GERMANY - HISTORY

Burgdorf, W. "Imperial Reform and Visions of a European Constitution in Germany Around 1800." History of European Ideas, 19, 1-3 (July 1994): 401-8.

Ritchie, G.F. "Contributions to the Genesis of Europe: Lessing and His Followers." History of European Ideas, 19, 1-3 (July 1994): 425-30.

GERMANY - LITERATURE

Kleinschmidt, E. "Language and Feeling: Gender Distinctions and Passion in 18th-Century Poetic Language" [in German]. Arcadia, 29, 1 (1994): 1-19.

Kray, R. "The Dynamics of the Sublime: A Critical Insight into an Ongoing Discussion" [in German]. Arcadia, 29, 1 (1994): 58-66.

Reiss, H. "The Naturalization of the Term Asthetik in 18th-Century German: Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten and His Impact." Modern Language Review, 89, 3 (July 1994): 645-58.

Seidenspinner, W. "Traces of the Narrative of Everyday Life in the 18th and 19th Century: Village Tales as Socially Determined, Open Forms of the Communication Process" [in German]. Fabula, 35, 1-2 (1994): 63-80.

GOETHE

Claesges, A. "English Translation Divergences of the 'Truber Tag' Scene in Goethe's Faust." Translation Review, 44-45 (1994): 31-4.

Davis, W.S. "The Intensification of the Body in Die Lieden des Jungen Werther." Germanic Review, 69, 3 (Summer 1994): 106-17.

Kaiser, G. "Vision and Criticism of the Modern Age in Goethe's Faust II" [in German]. Merkur, 48, 7 (July 1994): 594-604.

Maillard, C. "Disengagement, Encounter, Determination: Goethe's Iphegenie auf Tauris, Myth and Archetype." Germanic Review, 69, 3 (Summer 1994): 98-105.

Mommsen, K. "The Etymology of Goethe's Euphorion" [in German]. Euphorion, 88, 1 (1994): 73-81.

HERDER

Irmscher, H.D. "Nationality and Humanity in the Thought of Herder" [in German]. Orbis Litterarum, 49, 4 (1994): 189-215.

HOLDERLIN

§ Agenda, 32, 2 (Summer 1994) is a special issue on German poetry in translation, including translations of Holderlin by Michael Hamburger, and articles on these translations including: J. Bayley, "The Poetry of Existence" (125); R. Hargreaves, "On a Fine Day: Holderlin in English" (129); K. Raine, "Germany's Golden Age" (135).

LESSING

Brunkhorst, M. "The Wail of Laocoön: The Aesthetic of Dramatic Art in Lessing, Pirandello, and Brecht" [in German]. Arcadia, 29, 1 (1994): 20-42.

SCHILLER

[See title by Dubost listed under Interdisciplinary Studies - The Sublime]

HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE

Burgel, J.C. "Ecstasy and Order: Bases of Islamic Architecture" [in German]. DU - Die Zeitschrift der Kultur, 7-8 (July-August 1994): 76-82.

Camiz, F.T. "The Roman Studio of Francesco Villamena." Burlington Magazine, 136, 1097 (August 1994): 506-16 [architectural drawings, engravings].

Garrett, W. "Gothic Architecture" [editorial]. Magazine Antiques, 146, 2 (August 1994): 155-.

§ Apollo, 140, 390 (August 1994) is a special issue on the King's Apartments at Hampton Court during the reign of William III. Articles include: S. Jenkins, "A Sense of History: The Artistic Taste of William III" (4); S. Thurley, "The Building of the King's Apartments: A Most Particular Monarch" (10); T. Campbell, "William III and the Triumph of Lust, Tapestries Hung in the King's State Apartments in 1699" (22); "Grinling Gibbon's Decorative Limewood Carvings at Hampton Court: The Final Experiments" (32); A. Westman, "Splendours of State: Textile Furnishings of the King's Apartments" (39); J. Band, "The Hampton-Court Fire and Conservation of Damaged Textiles" (46); J. Ayers, "The Ceramics Surviving at Hampton Court: A Brilliant and Various Collection" (50); T. Murdoch, "The Furniture for the King's Apartments: Walnut-Tree, Gilding, Japanning, and Marble" (55); G. Parnell, "The King's Guard-Chamber: A Vision of Power" (60); D. Bosomworth, "The King's Metalwork" (65).

HISTORY OF ART

Apgar, Garry. "'Sage comme une image:' Trois siècles d'iconographie voltairienne." Nouvelles de l'estampe, 135 (1994): 5-44.

Chevalier, A. "Le Portrait de Paul François des Hours de Calviac, par Antoine-Jean Gros (1771-1835), dans le Musée des Beaux Arts de Rennes." Revue du Louvre -la revue des musées de France, 44, 3 (juin 1994): 54-.

Crown, Patricia. "Eighteenth-Century Visual Culture and Current British Art History: A Review Essay." Eighteenth-Century Studies, 28, 1 (1994):137-40.

Griffiths, A. "The Department of Prints and Drawings During the First Century of the British Museum." Burlington Magazine, 136, 1097 (August 1994): 531-44.

Vaughn, W. "German Printmaking in the Age of Goethe" [exhibit review]. Burlington Magazine, 136, 1097 (August 1994): 566.

§ Magazine Antiques, 146, 4 (October 1994) is a special issue dedicated to North American folk art.

[See also titles listed under History of Architecture, special issue of Apollo]

CANOVA

Johns, Christopher M.S. "Portrait Mythology: Antonio Canova's Portraits of the Bonapartes." Eighteenth-Century Studies, 28, 1 (1994): 115-29.

Landi, A. "Saving Graces: Keeping Canova's Three Graces in England." Artnews, 93, 8 (October 1994): 61-.

GOYA

Holg, G. "Small Paintings, Large Mind: Goya at the Art Institute of Chicago." Artnews, 93, 7 (September 1994): 70-.

HOUDON

Hecht, J. "The Stone Ghost: Two Russians in Enlightenment Paris." Apollo, 140, 389 (July 1994): 28-.

JAPAN

Ledes, A.E. "Japan and the West: The Jane Voorhees Zimerli Art Museum at Rutgers Recently Opened Kukasabe-Griffis Japonisme Gallery." Magazine Antiques, 146, 2 (August 1994): 128-.

REYNOLDS

Baldwin, B. "A Classical Source for Reynolds on the Relativity of Beauty." Notes and Queries, 41, 2 (June 1994): 208.

Baldwin, B. "Reynolds and Tertullian: A Passage Located." Notes and Queries, 41, 2 (June 1994): 209.

HISTORY OF LAW

Shapiro, B. "The Concept 'Fact': Legal Origins and Cultural Diffusion." Albion, 26, 1 (Spring 1994): 1-26.

[see also title by Habakkuk listed under Economics]

HISTORY OF MEDICINE

Abbott, E.C. "Medicine in the Age of Mozart: Introduction." Dalhousie Review, 73, 2 (Summer 1993): 150-52 [special issue: Mozart and Medicine].

Abbott, E.C. "The Mozart Family's Physicians and Their Treatments." Dalhousie Review, 73, 2 (Summer 1993): 224-29

Anderson, R.N. "Mozart's Death: The Case for Complications of Rheumatic Heart Disease." Dalhousie Review, 73, 2 (Summer 1993): 234-40

Aterman, K.A. "Should Mozart Have Been Psychoanalysed? Some Comments on Mozart's Language in His Letters." Dalhousie Review, 73, 2 (Summer 1993): 175-86.

Baskett, T.F. "Obstetrical Practice in the Age of Mozart." Dalhousie Review, 73, 2 (Summer 1993): 202-12.

Bynum, W.F. "Medicine in Mozart's Europe." Dalhousie Review, 73, 2 (Summer 1993): 187-201.

Duncan, S.R., S. Scott, & C.J. Duncan. "Smallpox Epidemics in Cities in Britain." Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 25, 2 (Autumn 1994): 255-72.

Ehrlich, G.E. "New Thoughts on Mozart's Terminal Illness." Dalhousie Review, 73, 2 (Summer 1993): 241-45.

Macleod, A.J. "Mozart and Renal Disease in the 18th Century: The Role of the Kidney in Adaptation to Genius." Dalhousie Review, 73, 2 (Summer 1993): 230-33.

Murray, T.J. "The Skull of Mozart." Dalhousie Review, 73, 2 (Summer 1993): 246-51

Wheater, M. "Mozart's Health and Final Illness." Dalhousie Review, 73, 2 (Summer 1993): 213-23.

[see also title by Jackson listed under Economics; other titles from the Dalhousie Review listed under History of Music-Mozart]

HISTORY OF MUSIC

Brauchli, B. "Aspects of Early Keyboard Techniques: Hand and Finger Positions as Seen in Early Treatises and Iconographical Documents." Journal of the American Musical Instrument Society, 20 (1994): 90-110.

Heyde, H. "The Early Berlin Valve and an Unsigned Tuba at the Shrine to Music Museum." Journal of the American Musical Instrument Society, 20 (1994): 54-64.

Kenyon-de Pascual, B. "The One-Man Band in 18th-Century Spain and Instrument 89-4-1039 in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York." Journal of the American Musical Instrument Society, 20 (1994): 65-72.

"Sarasate's Stradivari of 1794." Strad, 105, 1251 (July 1994): 684-.

Talbot, M. "The Taiheg, the Pira, and Other Curiosities of Benedetto Vanaccesi's Suonate da Camera a Tre, Op. 1." Music & Letters, 75, 3 (August 1994): 344-64.

BACH, C.P.E.

Rummenholler, P. "Contemporary Portraits of Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach" [in German]. Musica, 48, 4 (July-August 1994): 215-18.

BACH, J.S.

Chiu, V. "What Bach Borrowed from J.F.K. Fischer." Clavier, 33, 8 (October 1994): 28-31.

Corneilson, P. "The Case of Bach's Lucio Silla." Journal of Musicology, 12, 2 (Spring 1994): 206-18.

Kobayashi, Y. "Universality in Bach's B-Minor Mass: A Portrait of Bach in His Final Years." Bach, 24, 3 (Fall-Winter 1993): 3-25.

Morana, F. "The Dobenecker Toccata BWV-Anh II 85: An Early Bach Work?" Bach, 24, 3 (Fall-Winter 1993): 26-.

MOZART

Fetsch, W. "Pedaling Techniques for Mozart and Beethoven." Clavier, 33, 8 (October 1994): 13-19.

Hiltner, B. "La Clemenza di Tito: Rediscovery of the 19th Century" [in German]. Musica, 48, 4 (July-August 1994): 211-14.

Schroeder, D.P. "Mozart's Compositional Processes and Creative Complexity." Dalhousie Review, 73, 2 (Summer 1993): 166-74.

Welch, J.P. A Consideration of the Inheritance of Musical Talent on the Occasion of the Mozart Bicentenary." Dalhousie Review, 73, 2 (Summer 1993): 153-65.

[See also various titles from the Dalhousie Review listed under History of Medicine.]

HISTORY OF RELIGION

Grosse, S. "The Relation Between the Historiographies of Mentality and Theology" [in German]. Zeitschrift fur Kirchengeschichte, 105, 2 (1994): 178-90.

CHRISTIANITY - PROTESTANT

* Ball, Bryan W. The Seventh-Day Men: Sabbatarians and Sabbatarianism in England and Wales, 1600-1800. Oxford University Press,1994. 416p.

Blade, R.E. "Incidental Addenda Occasionally Offered for General Intelligence: Annotated Items Concerning the History and Early Development of American Presbyterianism." American Presbyterians, 72, 2 (Summer 1994): 85-7.

Cassese, M. "The So-Called Religion of the Heart and Devotion to the Blood Flowing from the Side of Christ in the Works of the Lutheran Pietist Nikolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf" [in Italian]. Rivista di Storia e Letteratura Religiosa, 30, 2 (1994): 263-98.

Hall, S.R. "American Presbyterianism and the Directory of Worship, 1645-1989." American Presbyterians, 72, 2 (Summer 1994): 71-84.

Haykin, M.A.G. "Thomas Osborn, an 18th-Century Baptist Deacon in Olney, Buckinghamshire." Notes and Queries, 41, 2 (June 1994): 217.

Key, N. E. "The Political Culture and Political Rhetoric of County Feasts and Feast Sermons, 1654-1714." Journal of British Studies, 33, 3 (July 1994): 223-56.

Rollmann, Marcella. "The Role of Language in the Moravian Missions to Eighteenth-Century Labrador." Unitas Fratrum, 34 (1993): 49-64.

Rosa, Susan. "Religion in the English Enlightenment." Eighteenth-Century Studies, 28, 1 (1994): 145-49.

van Eijnatten, J. "Tolerance and the Calvinist Vision of Religious Plurality." LIAS - Sources and Documents Relating to the Early Modern History of Ideas, 20, 2 (1993): 269-88 [Johannes vanden Honert, De Mutua Christianorum Tolerantia, 1745].

[see also title by H. Rollman listed under Canada &c.; by Smith listed under England-History]

CHRISTIANITY - ROMAN CATHOLIC

Heydenreich, T. "From the Directory to the Manual, from the Manual to the Arsenal: A Comparison of Spanish and Italian Inquisition Handbooks" [in German]. Germanisch-Romanisch Monatsschrift, 43, 4 (1993): 383-98.

Provost, G. "Indulgences and Ultramontane Religious Attitudes in 17th-Century France: The Example of Britanny" [in French]. Annales de Bretagne et des pays de l'ouest, 101, 2 (1994): 7-28.

Rapley, E. "Women and the Religious Vocation in 17th-Century France." French Historical Studies, 18, 3 (Spring 1994): 613-31.

Rosa, S. "Il etait possible aussi que cette conversion fut sincere: Turenne's Conversion in Context." French Historical Studies, 18, 3 (Spring 1994): 632-66.

CONFUCIANISM

Kurozumi, Makoto. "The Nature of Early Tokugawa Confucianism." Journal of Japanese Studies, 20, 2 (Summer 1994): 337-76. With an introduction by H. Ooms, 331-36.

ISLAM

§ DU - Die Zeitschrift der Kultur, 7-8 (July-August 1994) is a special issue on Islam; articles are in German.

JUDAISM

§ Dix-septième siècle, 183 (avril-juin 1994) is a special issue on Jews and Judaism as viewed by European Christians in the 17th century, including articles on the Inquisition; marriage in the Sephardic diaspora; Jews in Italy, France, and the Netherlands, the Kabbala and Jewish Messianism; Dutch printing; banking).

HISTORY OF SCIENCE

* Appel, J.W. Francisco Jose de Caldas, A Scientist at Work in Nueva Granada. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, 84, Part 5 (1994). 154pp.

Barahona, A. "George Louis Leclerc and the Birth of Life: Buffon and the Early History of Science" [in Spanish]. Arbor, 148, 581 (May 1994): 9-38.

Cooter, R., & S. Pumfrey. "Separate Spheres and Public Places: Reflections on the History of Science Popularization and Science in Popular Culture." History of Science, 32, 97, part 3 (September 1994): 237-68.

Curtis, R. "Narrative form and normative force: Baconian story-telling in popular science." Social Studies of Science, 24, 3 (August 1994): 419-62.

Philipp, T. "The History of Science and the History of the Near

East" [in German]. Saeculum, 45, 1 (1994): 166-78.

Sutton, C. "Nullius in Verba and Nihil in Verbis: Public Understanding of the Role of Language in Science." British Journal for the History of Science, 27, 92, part 1 (March 1994): 55-64.

INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDIES

Gutwirth, Madelyn. "Changing the Past: A Feminist Challenge." Eighteenth-Century Studies, 28, 1 (1994): 29-36.

Hunt, Lynn. "The Virtues of Disciplinarity." Eighteenth-Century Studies, 28, 1 (1994): 1-7.

McKeon, Michael. "The Origins of Interdisciplinary Studies." Eighteenth-Century Studies, 28, 1 (1994): 17-28.

Stafford, Barbara Maria. "Redesigning the Image of Images: A Personal View." Eighteenth-Century Studies, 28, 1 (1994): 9-16.

CULTURE & POLITICS

Jacob, Margaret C. "The Mental Landscape of the Public Sphere: A European Perspective." Eighteenth-Century Studies, 28, 1 (1994): 95-113.

THE SUBLIME

Dubost, Jean-Pierre. "The Sublime Adverse and its Sadian Reverse: Kant, Sade, Schiller." Eighteenth-Century Studies, 28, 1 (1994): 83-93.

Fenves, Peter. Taking Stock of the Kantian Sublime. Eighteenth-Century Studies, 28, 1 (1994): 65-82.

Huet, Marie-Helene. "The Revolutionary Sublime." Eighteenth-Century Studies, 28, 1 (1994): 51-64.

Siskin, Clifford. "Gender, Sublimity, Culture: Retheorizing Disciplinary Desire." Eighteenth-Century Studies, 28, 1 (1994): 37-50.

IRELAND - HISTORY

* Curtin, Nancy J. The United Irishmen: Popular Politics in Ulster and Dublin, 1791-1798. Oxford University Press, 1994. 328p.

IRELAND - LITERATURE

SWIFT

Clark, J.R. "The Coats in Section II of Swift's Tale of a Tub." Notes and Queries, 41, 2 (June 1994): 193.

Rogers, P. "Literary and Biblical Allusions in Swift's Correspondence." Notes and Queries, 41, 2 (June 1994): 194-.

Terry, R. "Swift's Use of Personate to Indicate Parody." Notes and Queries, 41, 2 (June 1994): 196-.

ISLAMIC HISTORY

Lassner, J. "Doing Early Islamic History: American Oriental Society Presidential Address." Journal of the American Oriental Society, 114, 1 (January-March 1994): 1-10.

§ DU - Die Zeitschrift der Kultur, 7-8 (July-August 1994) is a special issue on Islam; articles are in German.

ITALY - HISTORY

Benadusi, G. "The Politics of Power in the Tuscan State in the 16th and 17th Centuries" [in Italian]. Nuova Rivista Storica, 78, 1 (January-April 1994): 123-42.

JAPAN

Roberts, L.S. "The Petition Box in Eighteenth-Century Tosa." Journal of Japanese Studies, 20, 2 (Summer 1994): 423-58.

[see also title by Kurozami listed under History of Religion-Confucian; by Ledes listed under History of Art-Japan]

LATIN AMERICAN HISTORY

Lamar, M. "Choosing Partible Inheritance: Chilean Merchant Families, 1795-1824." Journal of Social History, 28, 1 (Autumn 1994): 124-46.

MARITIME HISTORY

Balchin, W.G.V. "Admiral Sir John Balchin, 1699-1744." Mariner's Mirror, 80, 3 (August 1994): 332-35.

Douglas, W.A.B. "Naval History: The State of the Art," in Military History and the Military Profession, ed. D.A. Charters, M. Mulner, & J.B. Wilson (Westport: Praeger, 1992), pp. 73-90.

Lee, C.D. "The Battle of Beachy Head: The Results of the Action Taken Against the French Fleet on June 30, 1690, and Its Instigator, Admiral of the Combined English and Dutch Fleet." Mariner's Mirror, 80, 3 (August 1994): 270-89.

Lefevre, P. "Mere Laziness or Incompetence: The Earl of Torrington and the Battle of Beachy Head." Mariner's Mirror, 80, 3 (August 1994): 290-97.

Owen, H. "An Eyewitness Account of the Glorious First of June 1794." Mariner's Mirror, 80, 3 (August 1994): 335-53.

Raban, P. "The Profits of Privateering: A Guernsey Fleet, 1756-62." Mariner's Mirror, 80, 3 (August 1994): 298-311.

Schurmann, D.M. "The Search for Principles and Naval Strategy." in Military History and the Military Profession, ed. D.A. Charters, M. Mulner, & J.B. Wilson (Westport: Praeger, 1992), pp. 169-82.

MATERIAL CULTURE

Irons, N.J. "Fans From China." Magazine Antiques, 146, 2 (August 1994): 168-.

Ledes, A.E. "'To Your Health': Silver Drinking Vessels, 1601-1818" [exhibit]. Magazine Antiques, 146, 2 (August 1994): 126-.

Rosenkrantz, L. "The Sewing Table: A Finely Crafted Lady's Worktable from the Federal Period." American Heritage, 45, 6 (October 1994): 30.

Scarisbrick, D. "A Diamond Jubilee: 60 Years of the Grosvenor House Fair." Apollo, 139, 388 (June 1994): 33-40 [jewellery, 1600-present].

[See also titles listed under History of Architecture-special issue of Apollo]

MISCELLANEOUS

* Castle, Terry. The Female Thermometer: Eighteenth-Century Culture and the Invention of the Uncanny. Oxford University Press, 1994. 224 pp.

Cox, N. "Marat/Sade/Picasso." Art History, 17, 3 (September 1994): 418-.

Sharrock, C. "Hermaphroditism, or the Erection of a New Doctrine: Theories of Female Sexuality in 18th-Century England." Paragraph, 17, 1 (March 1994): 38-48.

§ Arbor, 148, 582 (June 1994) is a special issue dealing with textual criticism; articles (in Spanish) discuss general issues in textual criticism, the Spanish legacy in Greek and Latin texts, Spanish editions of biblical texts, of Arabic texts, of French texts, and textual criticism in German philology.

NATIVE AMERICANS, FIRST NATIONS, INDIANS, LES INDIGÈNES

Conroy, D.W. "The Defense of Indian Land Rights: William Bollan and the Mohegan Case in 1743." Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society, 103, Part 2 (October 1993): 395 ff.

NETHERLANDS

* Israel, Jonathan. The Dutch Republic: Its Rise, Greatness, and Fall 1477-1806. Oxford University Press, 1995. 1300pp.

Stegeman, S. "How to Set Up a Scholarly Correspondence: Theodorus Janssonius van Almeloveen (1657-1712) Aspires to Membership in the Republic of Letters." LIAS - Sources and Documents Relating to the Early Modern History of Ideas, 20, 2 (1993): 227-44.

van de Schoor, R.J.M. "Reprints of Cassander's and Witzel's Irenica from Helmstedt: The Meaning of the Irenical Tradition for Georg Calixtus, Hermann Conring, and Johannes Latermann." LIAS -Sources and Documents Relating to the Early Modern History of Ideas, 20, 2 (1993): 167-92.

PHILOSOPHY

Hayes, Julie C. "Imagined Communities of Enlightenment: A Review Essay." Eighteenth-Century Studies, 28, 1 (1994): 131-35.

Knebel, S.K. "Necessitas Morales Ad Optimum: A Repertorium of 17th-Century Essays on Optimism" [in German]. Studia Leibnitiana, 25, 2 (1993): 201-8.

HUME

Haslanger, S. "Humean Supervenience and Enduring Things." Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 72, 3 (September 1994): 339-59.

Lewis, D. "Chance and Credence: Humean Supervenience Debugged." Mind, 103, 412 (October 1994): 473-90.

Mink, K.E. "Hume's Sceptical Foundation of the Sciences." International Studies in Philosophy, 26, 2 (1994): 13-32.

[see also title by Langsam listed under Philosophy-Kant]

KANT

Bayne, S.M. "Objects of Representations and Kant's Second Analogy." Journal of the History of Philosophy, 32, 3 (July 1994): 381-410.

Benoist, J. "Toward a Changing Ontological Assessment of Kantian Transcendental Aesthetics" [in French]. Archives de philosophie, 57, 2 (avril-juin 1994): 307-24.

Cavallar, G. "Kant's Society of Nations: Free Federation or World Republic?" Journal of the History of Philosophy, 32, 3 (July 1994): 461-82.

Davidovich, A. "How to Read Religion Within the Limits of Reason Alone." Kant-Studien, 85, 1 (1994): 1-14.

Engstrom, S. "The Transcendental Deduction and Scepticism." Journal of the History of Philosophy, 32, 3 (July 1994): 359-80.

Forster, P.D. "Realism and the Critical Philosophy: Kant's Abstentions in the Refutation of Idealism." Idealistic Studies, 24, 1 (Winter 1994): 21-42.

Guyer, P. "Kant's Conception of Fine Art." Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 52, 3 (Summer 1994): 275-86.

Idalovichi, I. "A Critical Metaphysical Exposition of Kant's and Frege's Concepts of Space." South African Journal of Philosophy, 13, 2 (May 1994): 79-87.

Langsam, H. "Kant, Hume, and Our Ordinary Concept of Causation." Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 54, 3 (September 1994): 625-48.

McCarty, R. "Motivation and Moral Choice in Kant's Theory of Rational Agency." Kant-Studien, 85, 1 (1994): 15-31.

Nenon, T. "Limitations of a Coherence Theory of Truth in Kant's Critical Philosophy." International Studies in Philosophy, 26, 2 (1994): 33-50.

Peterson, J. "Does Kant Reduce the Cosmological Proof to the Ontological Proof?" South African Journal of Philosophy, 13, 3 (July 1994): 463-70.

Pillow, K. "Form and Content in Kant's Aesthetics: Locating Beauty and the Sublime in the Work of Art." Journal of the History of Philosophy, 32, 3 (July 1994): 443-60.

Raphael, D.D. "A Study of the Kantian Ethical Theory Maintained by the Oxford Institutionists (Deontologists) and Their Criticism of So-Called Rights-Based Teleological Theories" [in French]. Archives de philosophie, 57, 2 (avril-juin 1994): 281-94.

Robinson, H. "Two Perspectives on Kant's Appearances and Things in Themselves." Journal of the History of Philosophy, 32, 3 (July 1994): 411-42.

Savile, A. "Kant on the Possibility of Art [in Czech, abstract in French & English]. Filozoficky Casopis, 42, 3 (1994): 421-46.

Wagner, H. "Kant's Concept of the Hypothetical Imperative" [in German]. Kant-Studien, 85, 1 (1994): 78-84.

Young, J.M. "Synthesis and the Content of Pure Concepts in Kant's First Critique." Journal of the History of Philosophy, 32, 3 (July 1994): 331-58.

Zatka, V. "A Systematic Account of Kant's Aesthetics" [in Czech, abstract in French & English]. Filozoficky Casopis, 42, 3 (1994): 447-62.

[See also titles by Dubost and by Fenves listed under Interdisciplinary Studies - The Sublime]

LEIBNIZ

Adams, R.M. "Form and Matter in Leibniz: The Middle Years" [in German]. Studia Leibnitiana, 25, 2 (1993): 132-52.

Lehmann, N.J. "New Investigations into the Functional Capability of the Leibniz Calculator [in German]. Studia Leibnitiana, 25, 2 (1993): 174-88.

Mondadori, F. "On Some Disputed Questions in Leibniz's Metaphysics." Studia Leibnitiana, 25, 2 (1993): 153-73.

SCHELLING

Cesa, C. "The Early Reception of Fichte and Schelling in Italy" [in French]. Revue de metaphysique et de morale, 99, 1 (janvier-mars 1994): 9-18.

Lauth, R. "Could Schelling's Philosophy Exist as a System since 1804?" [in German]. Kant-Studien, 85, 1 (1994): 48-77.

SMITH

Berns, L. "Aristotle and Adam Smith on Justice: Cooperation Between Ancients and Moderns." Review of Metaphysics, 48, 1 (September 1994): 71-90.

POLAND

Wojcik, Z. "The Separatist Tendencies in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the 17th Century." Acta Poloniae Historica, 69 (1994): 55-62.

POLITICAL THOUGHT

Harste, G. "The Definition of Organisational Culture and Its Historical Origins." History of European Ideas, 19, 1-3 (July 1994): 3-16.

Ishay, M. "European Integration: The Enlightenment Legacy." History of European Ideas, 19, 1-3 (July 1994): 207-14.

Rotensreich, N. "Needs and Essence: Philosophers on Human Beings and Their Political Activities." Kant-Studien, 85, 1 (1994): 32-47.

[see also title by Cavallar listed under History of Philosophy-Kant]

SCOTLAND - HISTORY

* Blaike, Andrew. Illegitimacy, Sex and Society: Northeast Scotland, 1750-1900. Oxford University Press, 1994. 286p.

Houston, R.A. "Bustling Artisans: Church Patronage at South Leith in the 1740s and 1750s." Albion, 26, 1 (Spring 1994): 55-78.

Withers, C.W.J. On Georgics and Geology: James Hutton's Elements of Agriculture and Agricultural Science in 18th-Century Scotland." Agricultural History Review, 42, 1 (1994): 38-48.

THEATRE HISTORY

Davis, T.C. "Private Women and Public Realm." Theatre Survey, 35, 1 (May 1994): 65-72.

Ravel, J.S. "Actress to Activist: Mlle. Clairon in the Public Sphere of the 1760s." Theatre Survey, 35, 1 (May 1994): 73-87.

U.S. - COLONIAL & FEDERAL HISTORY

Bodle, W. "Themes and Directions in Middle Colonies Historiography, 1980-1994." William and Mary Quarterly, 51, 3 (July 1994): 355-88.

Gilje, P.A., & H.B. Rock. "Sweep-O! Sweep-O! African-American Chimney Sweeps and Citizenship in the New Nation." William and Mary Quarterly, 51, 3 (July 1994): 507-38.

Haviland, M.M. "Beyond Women's Sphere: Young Quaker Women and the Veil of Charity in Philadelphia, 1790-1810." William and Mary Quarterly, 51, 3 (July 1994): 419-46.

Holmes, Gloria Graves. "Recontextualizing Black Resistance: A Review Essay." Eighteenth-Century Studies, 28, 1 (1994): 141-44.

Klepp, S.E. "Seasoning and Society: Racial Differences in Mortality in 18th-Century Philadelphia." William and Mary Quarterly, 51, 3 (July 1994): 473-506.

Millett, A.R. "American Military History: Clio and Mars as Pards," in Military History and the Military Profession, ed. D.A. Charters, M. Mulner, & J.B. Wilson (Westport: Praeger, 1992), pp.2-20.

Smith, D.S. "Female Householding in Late 18th-Century America and the Problem of Poverty." Journal of Social History, 28, 1 (Autumn 1994): 83-108.

Voorhees, D.W. "The Fervent Zeale of Jacob Leisler." William and Mary Quarterly, 51, 3 (July 1994): 447-72.

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