Refereed Journal Articles


Blouin, M. C., Lee, R. L., & Erickson. S. (2018). The Impact of Online Financial Disclosure and Donations in Non-Profits. Journal of Nonprofit & Public Sector Marketing. 30(3), 251-266.

Lee, R. L. & Blouin, M. C. (2017). Factors Affecting Web Disclosure Adoption and Resistance in the Nonprofit Sector. Journal of Computer Information Systems. .

Lee, R. L. & Blouin, M. C. (2015). Exploring the factors associated with online financial and performance disclosure in nonprofits. Journal of the Southern Association for Information Systems. 3(1), 1-16.

Blouin, M. C., & Lee, R. L. (2015). A signaling theory approach to nonprofit web disclosure. Journal of Academy of Business and Economics. 15(1), 7-20.

Joseph, R. C., & Lee, R. L. (2015). M-government for emergency Notifications. International Journal of E-Services and Mobile Applications., 7(1), 51-66.

Lee, R. L., & Kvasny, L. M. (2014). Understanding the role of social media in online health: A global perspective on online social support.First Monday, 19(1).

Lee, R. L., & Joseph, R. C. (2013). An examination of web disclosure and organizational transparency. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(6), 2218-2224.

Lee, R. L. (2012). Experience is a good teacher: Integrating service and learning in information systems education. Journal of Information Systems Education, 23(2), 165-176.

Lee, R. L., Pendharkar, P. C., & Blouin, M. C. (2012). An exploratory examination of the implementation of online accountability: A technological innovation perspective. Journal of Information Technology and Management, 23(3), 1-11.

Kvasny, L. M., & Lee, R. L. (2011). e-Government services for faith-based organizations: Bridging the organizational divide. Government Information Quarterly, 28(1), 66-73.

Jiang, H., Carroll, J. M., & Lee, R. L. (2010). Extending the task–artifact framework with organizational learning. Knowledge and Process Management, 17(1), 22-35.

Kvasny, L. M., & Lee, R. L. (2010). The paradoxical consequences of the White House faith-based and community initiative for black churches. New Media & Society, 12(4), 619-636.

Lee, R. L., Ganoe, C. H., Schafer, W. A., Merkel, C. B., Carroll, J. M., & Orson, M.B. (2007). Making use of scenarios for achieving effective use in community computing contexts. Journal of Community Informatics, 3(1), 309-330.


Refereed Abstracts


Blouin, M. C., & Lee, R. L. (2013). Signaling organizational efficiency through web disclosure: A signaling theory approach. Proceedings of the 2013 ARNOVA Conference, Association for Research on Nonprofit Organizations and Voluntary Action, Hartford, CT, November 21-23.

Blouin, M. C., & Lee R. L. (2013). Exploring the factors associated with online financial and performance disclosure in nonprofits. Proceedings of the 2013 AAA Northeast Regional Meeting, Hartford, CT, October 24-26.

Blouin, M. C., & Lee R. L., (2012). Does web disclosure of financials change their impact on donations to nonprofits? Proceedings of the 2012 ARNOVA Conference, Association for Research on Nonprofit Organizations and Voluntary Action, Indianapolis, IN November 15-17.

Lee, R. L., McConnell, E. J., & Albert, P. (2010). Participatory design in health informatics: The MECP2 Duplication Syndrome portal version 2.0. 2010 Computer-Human Interaction Workshop on Interactive Systems in Healthcare, 93-96, Atlanta, GA, April 10-11


Refereed Proceedings


Lee, R. L. (2017). The Ambidextrous Pursuit of Strategic Information Technology Alignment and Organizational Agility in the Community Benefit Sector. Proceedings of the Twenty-third Americas Conference on Information Systems, 1-8, Boston, MA, August 2017. Lee, R. L. (2014). Towards a model of web disclosure adoption by Nonprofit Organizations. Proceedings of the Twentieth Americas Conference on Information Systems, 1-9, Savannah, GA, August 2014.

Joseph, R. C., & Lee, R. L., (2013).Perspectives on the use of mobile devices for emergency notification via short message service (SMS). Proceedings of the 2013 Annual Meeting of the Northeast Decision Sciences Institute, 625-633, Brooklyn, NY, April 5-7.

Lee, R. L. (2013). The role of team development in user-centered design interventions: A socio-psychological approach. Proceedings of the Southern Association for Information Systems Conference, 100-105, Savannah, GA, March 8-9.

Lee, R. L. (2012). Web disclosure adoption among organizations: An exploratory study. Proceedings of the Diffusion Interest Group in Information Technology (DIGIT) Workshop, 1-9, Orlando, FL, December 16.

Lee, R. L., & Joseph, R. C. (2012). Survival of the fittest: Online accountability in complex organizational populations. Proceedings of the Southern Association for Information Systems Conference,169-175, Atlanta, GA, March 23-24.

Joseph, R. C., & Lee, R. L., (2012). E-fundraising - perspectives from non profit organizations. Proceedings of the 2012 Northeast Decision Sciences Institute, 234-243, Newport RI, March 21-23.

Lee, R. L., & Bhattacherjee, A. (2011). A theoretical framework for strategic use of the Web among nonprofit organizations. Proceeding of the Southern Association for Information Systems Conference, 103-108, Atlanta, GA, March 25-26.

Lee, R. L., & Carroll, J. M. (2010). Towards a framework for effective user participation in nonprofit community contexts: Beyond user involvement. Proceedings of the Southern Association for Information Systems Conference, 13-18, Atlanta, GA, March 26- 27.

Lee, R. L. (2007). Understanding online community effectiveness: The efficacy of integrating group development and social capital theories. Proceedings of the Thirteenth Americas Conference on Information Systems, 1-10, Keystone, CO, August 2007.

Joseph, R. C., & Lee, R. L. (2007). Adoption inhibitors and facilitators of Emergency Response Information Systems (ERIS). Proceedings of the Northeast Decision Sciences Institute, 1-4, Baltimore, MD, March 2007.

Lee, R. L., Schafer, W. A., Knoche, A., & Carroll, J. M. (2006). The role of social capital in emergency response. Proceedings of the Twelfth Americas Conference on Information Systems, 1583-1591, Acapulco, Mexico, August 2006.

Lee, R. L. (2006). Understanding group effectiveness in a newly formed distributed group: An action research perspective. Proceedings of the Twelfth Americas Conference on Information Systems, 642-648, Acapulco, Mexico, August 2006.

Lu, X., Merkel C. B., Nash, H., Ganoe, C. H., Rosson, M. B., Carroll, J. M., Shon, E., Lee, R. L., & Faooq, U. (2005). Students as teachers and teachers as facilitators. Proceedings of the 38th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 1-10, Big Island, Hawaii, January 2005

Lee, R. L., Merkel, C. B., Ganoe, C. H., Schafer, W. A., James, K., Rosson, M. B. & Carroll, J. M.(2005). Making use of scenarios for achieving effective use in community computing contexts. Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, 1-10, Las Vegas, NV, July 2005.

Merkel, C. B., Farooq U., Ganoe, C. H., Xiao, L., Rosson, M. B., Carroll, J. M., Boxler, H., & Lee, R. L. (2004). Participatory design in community computing contexts: Tales from the field. Proceedings of the Eighth Conference on Participatory Design,1-10, Ontario, Canada, July 2004.

Kvasny, L. M., & Lee, R. L. (2003). Towards a framework to enhance the technology capacity of community-based organizations in urban contexts. Proceedings of the Ninth Americas Conference on Information Systems, 1574-1580, Tampa, FL, August 2003.

Lee, R. L. (2003). Diffusion of innovation: A preliminary assessment of the perception and use of technology in complex social environments. Proceedings of the International Information Resource Management Association Conference, 1-15, Philadelphia, PA, May18-21.


Nonrefereed Journal Articles


Blouin, M. C., & Lee R. L., (2013). Is your financial information online? If not, you may be missing some crucial opportunities. Nonprofit World. 31(2), 22-23.


Invited Presentations


Lee, R. L. (2012) “Student experiences in community-university partnerships,” Penn State Harrisburg Board of Advisors Research Seminar, Penn State Harrisburg Board of Advisor’s Meeting, Middletown, PA, November 2.

Lee, R. L. (2010) “Understanding your mentorability quotient, ” Women’s Commission Lunch and Learn series, Penn State Harrisburg, Middletown, PA, March 1.

Lee, R. L. (2009) Presented on various information technology outreach initiative at the Statewide IST Faculty Meeting on October 12.

Lee, R. L. (2008) Presented on the various information technology outreach initiative at the IT Advisory Board Meeting on December 18.

Lee, R. L. (2007) “The Role of expressive and instrumental ties in building and sustaining online health communities,”Regional Symposium on Health Care and Quality of Life, Penn State Harrisburg, Middletown, PA, March 2.

Lee, R. L. (2007) “Understanding group effectiveness in a newly formed online community,” The School of Business Administration Brown Bag Series, Penn State Harrisburg, Middletown, PA, February 15.

Lee, R. L. (2007), "The Role of instrumental and expressive ties in sustaining online health communities,” Regional Symposium on Health Care and Quality of Life, Penn State Harrisburg, Middletown, PA, March 2007.

Lee, R. L. (2006), "Understanding group effectiveness in a newly formed online community,” Invited presentation at the Microsoft Research Distinguished Lecture Series, Redmond, Washington, October 2006.

Lee, R. L. (2006), "The Underground Railroad community information system: Understanding effective use as a design and development parameter,” The Penn State Harrisburg College Colloquia Series, Middletown, PA, April 2006.

Lee, R. L. (2006), "Understanding double loop learning in distributed communities of practice: The case of the Underground Railroad community network,” The Human-Computer Interaction Consortium Winter Workshop, Fraser, CO, February, 2006.

Lee, R. L. (2006), "Pennsylvania's Underground Railroad Network: Bringing history alive with collaborative technologies,” College of Information Sciences and Technology Diversity Lecture, University Park, PA, January 2006.

Lee, R. L. (2006) “Toward a dynamic model of group effectiveness: Linking group development and social capital,” Human-Computer Interaction Brown Bag Series, University Park, PA, November 8.

Lee, R. L. (2006) “Understanding group effectiveness in a newly formed online community,” Invited presentation at the Microsoft Research Distinguished Lecture Series, Redmond, Washington, October 26.

Lee, R. L. (2006) “Underground railroad community information system,” The Penn State Harrisburg College Colloquia Series, Middletown, PA, April 5.

Lee, R. L. (2006) “Pennsylvania's Underground Railroad Network: Bringing history alive with collaborative technologies,” College of Information Sciences and Technology Diversity Lecture, University Park, PA, January 30.

Lee, R. L. (2005) “Using collaborative technologies to bring African American history to life,” The 28th Annual Conference on Black History in Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, April 20-23.

Lee, R. L. (2005) “How organizations respond to crises: Understanding improvisation and learning following Hurricane Ivan,”Regional Symposium on Homeland Security, Middletown, PA, September 30.

Lee, R. L. (2005), "Making use of scenarios for effective use in community computing contexts: The story of the digital Underground Railroad project in Pennsylvania,” The 28th Annual Black History Conference, Philadelphia, PA, April 2005.

Lee, R. L., Schafer, W. A., & Carroll, J. M. (2005), "How organizations respond to crises: Understanding improvisation and learning following Hurricane Ivan,” Regional Symposium on Homeland Security, Middletown, PA, September, 2005.

Lee, R. L. (2004), "Using collaborative tools to bring the Underground Railroad to life,” The First Annual Underground Railroad Conference, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, February 2004.

Lee, R. L. (2004) “Using collaborative tools to bring the Underground Railroad to life,” The First Annual Underground Railroad Conference, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, February 13.


Research Grants


2011 – Organizational Digital Divide, Office of Research and Graduate Studies, ($5,209).

2006 - Understanding Group Effectiveness in a Newly Formed Online Community: An Action Research Perspective, Office of the Vice Provost for Educational Equity, ($4,270).

2006 - Understanding Double Loop Learning in Distributed Communities of Practice: The Case of the Underground Railroad Community Network, Office of Research and Graduate Studies Office of Research and Graduate Studies, R. L. Lee and J. A. Tyler ($9,875).

2006 - Understanding Effective Use as a Design and Development Parameter: The Case of the Underground Railroad Community Information System, Dissertation support award, Africana Research Center (The Pennsylvania State University), ($1,000).

2004 - Using Collaborative Tools to Bring the Underground Railroad to Life in Pennsylvania, PA Federation of Museums, J. M. Carroll and R. L. Lee, ($12,000).

2004 - Project DART (Digital Arts & Technology), Ida Browning Trust, ($1,600).

2003 - Understanding the Digital Divide in Inner City Environments: A Tale of Two Cities, Africana Research Center (The Pennsylvania State University), L. M. Kvasny and R. L. Lee ($5,000).

2003 - Equipment and services for Project Genesis, Help Us Help Foundation (Oracle), L. M. Kvasny and R. L. Lee ($11,000).