LEGAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS
& LEGAL INFORMATICS RESOURCES:
KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION:
GENERAL RESOURCES WITH
APPLICATION TO LAW (SELECTED)

Maintained by Robert Richards

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NOTE: This page lists general knowledge representation resources having application to law. For legal knowledge representation resources, see the KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION: LEGAL section of this Website.

TITLE: ABC Ontology and Model.
IDENTIFIER: Schemas: http://metadata.net/harmony/Results.htm;
Description by Carl Lagoze & Jane Hunter: http://metadata.net/harmony/JODI_Final.pdf
PUBLISHER: The Harmony Project of the International Digital Libraries Initiative

TITLE: CAB Thesaurus.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.cabi.org/cabthesaurus/.
PUBLISHER: CAB International.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Law; Classification Law.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal subject classification; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model (CIDOC CRM).
IDENTIFIER: http://cidoc.ics.forth.gr/
PUBLISHER: International Committee for Museum Documentation (CIDOC).
DESCRIPTION: This is an ontology for material cultural objects.

TITLE: Classification Web.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.classificationweb.net/
CREATOR: Library of Congress
DESCRIPTION: Includes LC Classification and LC Subject Headings

TITLE: Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC).
EDITION: 22d ed.
PUBLISHER: OCLC/Forest Press, 2003
IDENTIFIER: Description only: http://www.oclc.org/dewey/versions/default.htm

TITLE: DOLCE: A Descriptive Ontology for Linguistic and Cognitive Engineering.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.loa-cnr.it/DOLCE.html
PUBLISHER: Italy. Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche. Institute of Cognitive Science & Technology. Laboratory for Applied Ontology
DESCRIPTION: An upper ontology used in projects of the Istituto di Teoria e Tecniche dell’Informazione Giuridica (ITTIG-CNR)

TITLE: FAST: Faceted Application of Subject Terminology.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.oclc.org/research/projects/fast/default.htm
PUBLISHER: OCLC

TITLE: FRAD: Functional Requirements for Authority Data.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.ifla.org/VII/d4/wg-franar.htm (scroll to bottom of page)
PUBLISHER: IFLA Cataloguing Section
DESCRIPTION: FRAD currently covers only names and titles. Subjects are to be covered by FRSAR, described below.

TITLE: FrameNet.
IDENTIFIER: http://framenet.icsi.berkeley.edu/.
PUBLISHER: University of California, Berkeley, International Computer Science Institute.
DESCRIPTION: This is a project to create "an on-line lexical resource for English, based on frame semantics and supported by corpus evidence." Its primary output is "the FrameNet lexical database, currently contains more than 11,600 lexical units ..., more than 6,800 of which are fully annotated, in more than 960 semantic frames, exemplified in more than 150,000 annotated sentences."

TITLE: FRBRoo (Functional Requirements of Bibliographic Records Object-Oriented).
IDENTIFIER: http://www.ifla.org/VII/s13/wgfrbr/FRBR-CRMdialogue_wg.htm; http://cidoc.ics.forth.gr/frbr_inro.html
PUBLISHER: International Federation of Libraries; International Committee for Museum Documentation (CIDOC)
DESCRIPTION: This is an ontology based on FRBR.

TITLE: FRSAR: Functional Requirements for Subject Authority Records.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.ifla.org/VII/s29/wgfrsar.htm
PUBLISHER: IFLA Cataloguing Section

TITLE: GEM: Gateway to Educational Materials Controlled Vocabularies.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.thegateway.org/about/documentation/gem-controlled-vocabularies/
PUBLISHER: Gateway to Educational Materials (GEM) Consortium

TITLE: LC Authorities.
IDENTIFIER: Machine-Readable Version in SKOS with Linked Data: http://id.loc.gov/authorities/search/
End-User Search Interface: http://authorities.loc.gov/
PUBLISHER: Library of Congress
DESCRIPTION: This is an authority file for names, titles, and subjects (Library of Congress Subject Headings). A description of the metadata for the machine-readable version is available at http://id.loc.gov/authorities/techcenter/metadata.html

TITLE: LC Classification (Library of Congress Classification).
IDENTIFIER: http://www.loc.gov/catdir/cpso/lcco/
PUBLISHER: Library of Congress

TITLE: Lexical Databases in Languages Other than English.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.globalwordnet.org/gwa/wordnet_table.htm
PUBLISHER: Global WordNet Association
DESCRIPTION: All the databases listed follow the WordNet design.

TITLE: Linked Data Resources.
IDENTIFIER: http://linkeddata.org/

TITLE: MADS: Metadata Authority Description Schema.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.loc.gov/standards/mads/
PUBLISHER: Library of Congress

TITLE: ORCID: Open Researcher Contributor Identification Initiative.
IDENTIFIER: http://science.thomsonreuters.com/orcid/.
CONTRIBUTOR: Thomson Reuters; Nature Publishing Group.
DESCRIPTION: ORCID's "mission is to resolve the systemic name ambiguity [in the scholarly research system], by means of assigning unique identifiers linkable to an individual's research output, to enhance the scientific discovery process ...."

TITLE: OWL (Web Ontology Language).
IDENTIFIER: http://www.w3.org/2007/OWL/wiki/OWL_Working_Group
PUBLISHER: World Wide Web Consortium

TITLE: PRISM: Publishing Requirements for Industry Standard Metadata.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.idealliance.org/industry_resources/intelligent_content_informed_workflow/prism
CREATOR: IDEAlliance
DESCRIPTION: PRISM includes the PRISM Specification, the PRISM Aggregator Message (PAM) Schema/DTD, and the PRISM Usage Rights Specification

TITLE: RDF: Resource Description Framework.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.w3.org/RDF/ ; Primer at http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-primer/
PUBLISHER: World Wide Web Consortium

TITLE: RDFa.
IDENTIFIER: RDFa in XHTML Syntax: http://www.w3.org/TR/rdfa-syntax/ ;
Primer: http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml-rdfa-primer/
PUBLISHER: World Wide Web Consortium
DESCRIPTION: "RDFa is a specification for attributes to express structured data in any markup language."

TITLE: Semantic Web Resources.
IDENTIFIER: http://semanticweb.org/

TITLE: Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS).
IDENTIFIER: http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/
PUBLISHER: World Wide Web Consortium
DESCRIPTION: This is a model for representing thesauri, subject headings lists, classification schemes, and taxonomies in RDF.

TITLE: SIOC: Semantically-Interlinked Online Communities.
IDENTIFIER: http://sioc-project.org/

TITLE: Suggested Upper Merged Ontology (SUMO).
IDENTIFIER: http://www.ontologyportal.org/
PUBLISHER: IEEE

TITLE: Topic Maps.
RELATION: Description by Lars Marius Garshol: http://www.ontopia.net/topicmaps/materials/tm-vs-thesauri.html (section 4);
Description by Kal Ahmed: http://www.techquila.com/topicmaps.html

TITLE: UDC: Universal Decimal Classification.
AUTHOR: British Standards Institution
DESCRIPTION: Standard ed., 3d ed.
PUBLISHER: British Standards Institution.
DATE: 2005-2006.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/62462477.
IDENTIFIER: ISBN: 058045469X ; 9780580454691 ; 0580454703 ; 9780580454707.

TITLE: UNESCO Thesaurus.
IDENTIFIER: http://databases.unesco.org/thesaurus/.
PUBLISHER: UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Classification Law.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal subject classification; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: Virtual International Authority File (VIAF).
IDENTIFIER: http://www.oclc.org/research/projects/viaf/
CONTRIBUTORS: Library of Congress, Deutsche Nationalbibliothek, Bibliothèque nationale de France, and OCLC

TITLE: WebKB.
IDENTIFIER: Interface: http://www.webkb.org;
Description of ontology: http://www.webkb.org/doc/MSO.html
CREATOR: Philippe A. Martin
DESCRIPTION: The ontology in WebKB is derived from the noun component of WordNet.

TITLE: WordNet.
IDENTIFIER: http://wordnet.princeton.edu/.
PUBLISHER: Princeton University Cognitive Science Laboratory
DESCRIPTION: English language lexical database (i.e., a dictionary and thesaurus), containing many legal terms and concepts.

See Also KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION: LEGAL

See Also METADATA: LEGAL

See Also METADATA: GENERAL

See Also ARTICLES

See Also CONFERENCES & CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

See Also JOURNALS

See Also MONOGRAPHS

See Also ORGANIZATIONS

See Also PREPRINTS

See Also PROJECTS

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Maintained by Robert Richards