LEGAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS
& LEGAL INFORMATICS RESOURCES:
KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION: LEGAL (SELECTED)

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NOTE: The resources listed on this page concern legal knowledge representation. For general knowledge representation resources having application to law, see the KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION: GENERAL section of this Website.

TITLE: Legal Informatics Blog Posts on Legal Knowledge Representation or Legal Ontologies.
IDENTIFER: http://legalinformatics.wordpress.com/tag/legal-knowledge-representation/.
IDENTIFER: http://legalinformatics.wordpress.com/tag/legal-ontologies/.
IDENTIFER: http://legalinformatics.wordpress.com/tag/legal-semantic-web/.
IDENTIFER: http://legalinformatics.wordpress.com/tag/semantic-web-and-law/.
IDENTIFER: http://legalinformatics.wordpress.com/tag/linked-data-and-law/
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal ontologies; Legal Semantic Web; Semantic Web and law; Linked Data and law; Legal Linked Data.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Standards.

TITLE: Legal Classification Systems Cataloged in OCLC WorldCat.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=su:classification+law&fq=dt:bks&dblist=638&qt=sort&se=yr&sd=desc&qt=sort_yr_desc.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Classification Law.
TAGS: Legal informatics databases; Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal subject classification; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Databases; Lists of resources; Bibliographies; Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: Legal Subject Headings Systems Cataloged in OCLC WorldCat.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=su:subject+headings+law&fq=dt:bks&dblist=638&qt=sort&se=yr&sd=desc&qt=sort_yr_desc.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Law.
TAGS: Legal informatics databases; Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Databases; Lists of resources; Bibliographies; Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: ALIS IP Ontology [ALIS Intellectual Property Ontology].
RELATION: Claudia Cevenini et al., Development of the ALIS IP Ontology: Merging Legal and Technical Perspectives (2008), http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-09697-1_14.
RELATION: Giuseppe Contissa & Migle Laukyte, Legal Knowledge Representation: A Twofold Experience in the Domain of Intellectual Property Law (2008), paper delivered at JURIX 2008, http://books.google.com/books?id=V6N3KxIrRYYC&pg=PA98&lpg=PA98&dq=alis+ip+ontology&source=bl&ots=BzmEWzPE3v&sig=e_XNLeG7N2Z-tuvFjqVnlZLBrHc&hl=en&ei=tkq-S5TSOsSclge2zNnfBg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&ved=0CBgQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=alis%20ip%20ontology&f=false .
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Copyright; Ontologies Information retrieval; Copyright licenses Data processing; Copyright and electronic data processing.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies; Copyright ontologies; Copyright knowledge representation; Copyright subject headings; Copyright information systems.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: BISAC Subject Headings: Law.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.bisg.org/what-we-do-0-111-bisac-subject-headings-list-law.php.
PUBLISHER: Book Industry Study Group, Inc.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Law; Classification Law.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal subject classification; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: CAB Thesaurus: Legal Terms.
IDENTIFIER: Terms related to the term "Law": http://www.cabi.org/cabthesaurus/mtwdk.exe?k=default&l=60&s=1&n=1&y=0&w=law&t=2;
Terms related to the term "legal system": http://www.cabi.org/cabthesaurus/mtwdk.exe?k=default&l=60&w=15936&n=1&s=5&t=2;
Terms related to the term "legal liability": http://www.cabi.org/cabthesaurus/mtwdk.exe?k=default&l=60&w=9155&n=1&s=5&t=2;
Terms related to the term "contracts": http://www.cabi.org/cabthesaurus/mtwdk.exe?k=default&l=60&w=15928&n=1&s=5&t=2.
PUBLISHER: CAB International.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Law; Classification Law.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal subject classification; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: CALI Taxonomy.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.cali.org/.
PUBLISHER: CALI: The Center for Computer-Assisted Legal Instruction.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Law; Classification Law.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal subject classification; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: CContology: Customer Complaint Ontology.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.jarrar.info/CContology/.
CONTRIBUTOR: Mustafa Jarrar.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Consumer protection Law and legislation; Ontologies Information retrieval; Contracts Data processing; Electronic commerce; Dispute resolution Law.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies; Consumer law ontologies; Contract ontologies; Consumer contract ontologies; Commercial law ontologies; ecommerce ontologies; Online dispute resolution ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: Citation Standards.
IDENTIFIER: See the CITATION STANDARDS section of this Website.

TITLE: CLO: Core Legal Ontology.
IDENTIFIER: No longer available from original site. Archived version: http://web.archive.org/web/20090414175506/http://wiki.loa-cnr.it/index.php/LoaWiki:CLO
IDENTIFIER: http://uriburner.com/describe/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.loa-cnr.it%2Fontologies%2FCLO%2FCoreLegal.owl
RELATION: Description by Professor Aldo Gangemi: http://ftp.informatik.rwth-aachen.de/Publications/CEUR-WS/Vol-321/paper4.pdf.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Law; Classification Law; Ontologies Information retrieval.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal subject classification; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: Congressional Research Service Subject Terms.
IDENTIFIER: Legislative Subject Terms: http://thomas.loc.gov/help/terms-subjects.html;
Named Entity Subject Terms: http://thomas.loc.gov/help/terms-names.html
CREATOR: Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Law; Classification Law.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: Consumer Protection Ontology.
RELATION: Matthias Holzner et al. (2009). Beyond Web 2.0: What Serious Games, Semantics and Social Networks Can Contribute to eParticipation. Paper presented at eChallenges conference in Istanbul, Turkey, 21-23 October 2009.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Consumer protection Law and legislation; Ontologies Information retrieval.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies; Consumer law ontologies; Consumer protection ontologies; Commercial law ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: Copyright Ontology.
IDENTIFIER: No longer available from original source. Archived version: http://web.archive.org/web/20101012132402/http://rhizomik.net/html/ontologies/copyrightonto/
CREATOR: Roberto García González.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Copyright; Ontologies Information retrieval.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies; Copyright ontologies; Copyright knowledge representation; Copyright subject headings; Copyright information systems.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: Current Index to Legal Periodicals (CILP) Subject Headings.
IDENTIFIER: http://lib.law.washington.edu/cilp/revsub.html
PUBLISHER: University of Washington School of Law Marian Gould Gallagher Law Library.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Law; Classification Law.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: DALOS: Drafting Legislation with Ontology-Based Support.
IDENTIFIER: Website: No longer available from original source. Archived version: http://web.archive.org/web/20110720161201/http://www.eu-participation.eu/dalos/.
RELATION: Presentation by E. Francesconi, P. Spinosa, & D. Tiscornia: http://www.ittig.cnr.it/loait/slidesLOAIT07/Francesconi-LOAIT07.pdf.
PUBLISHER: European Commission eParticipation Initiative.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Bill drafting; Subject headings Law; Classification Law; Ontologies Information retrieval.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal subject classification; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies; Legislative drafting systems; Legislative information systems.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: Dewey Decimal Classification: Law.
IDENTIFIER: Linked Data Version in SKOS: http://dewey.info/class/34/;
Description of Complete Versions: http://www.oclc.org/dewey/
PUBLISHER: OCLC.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Classification Law.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal subject classification; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: EPA Terminology Services.
IDENTIFIER: http://iaspub.epa.gov/sor_internet/registry/termreg/.
PUBLISHER: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Classification Law; Classification Environmental law; Subject headings Law; Subject headings Environmental law.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal subject classification; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies; Environmental law information systems; Environmental law knowledge representation; Environmental law subject headings; Environmental law subject indexing; Environmental law subject classification; Environmental law thesauri; Environmental law ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: EUROVOC.
IDENTIFIER: http://europa.eu/eurovoc/.
IDENTIFIER: SKOS/RDF version: http://eurovoc.europa.eu/drupal/?q=legalnoticeredirect.
PUBLISHER: Publications Office of the European Union.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Classification Law.
COVERAGE:SPATIAL: European Union.
COVERAGE:SPATIAL: European Union countries.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal subject classification; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: FIBO: Financial Industry Business Ontology.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.hypercube.co.uk/edmcouncil/
CREATOR: Bennett, Michael George.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Ontologies Information retrieval.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal ontologies; Ontologies of financial instruments.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.
DESCRIPTION: An ontology of financial instruments.

TITLE: Frame-Based Ontology for the Law.
CREATOR: Kralingen, Robert W. van.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/243822044.
PUBLISHER: Kluwer Law International.
DATE: 1995.
DESCRIPTION: Also known as: Conceptual Frame-Based Ontology for the Law, Frame-Based Conceptual Ontology for the Law, and Frame-Based Conceptual Models of Statute Law.
DESCRIPTION: Robert van Kralingen, A Conceptual Frame-based Ontology for the Law (1997), http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/243822044.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Law; Classification Law; Ontologies Information retrieval.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: Functional Ontology of Law: FOLaw.
CREATOR: Valenti, Andre.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/34019428.
PUBLISHER: IOS Press.
DATE: 1995.
DESCRIPTION: Andre Valente and Joost Breuker, Towards Principled Core Ontologies (1996), Text: No longer available from original source; archived version: http://web.archive.org/web/20110711015343/http://ksi.cpsc.ucalgary.ca/KAW/KAW96/valente/doc.html; Images: No longer available from original source; archived versions: http://web.archive.org/web/20110711015354/http://ksi.cpsc.ucalgary.ca/KAW/KAW96/valente/.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Law; Classification Law; Ontologies Information retrieval.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: Fundamental Legal Concepts: A Formal and Teleological Characterisation.
CREATOR: Sartor, Giovanni.
IDENTIFIER: http://cadmus.eui.eu/bitstream/handle/1814/4351/LAW%202006.11.pdf.
PUBLISHER: European University Institute, Department of Law.
DATE: 2006.
RELATION:ISPARTOF: EUI Working Papers ; LAW No. 2006/11.
RELATION: LKIF-Core Ontology: http://www.estrellaproject.org/lkif-core/.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Law; Classification Law; Ontologies Information retrieval.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: GEMET (General Multilingual Environmental Thesaurus): Concepts for Legislation.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.eionet.europa.eu/gemet/theme_concepts?th=21&langcode=en.
PUBLISHER: European Environment Agency.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Classification Law; Classification Environmental law; Subject headings Law; Subject headings Environmental law.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal subject classification; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies; Environmental law information systems; Environmental law knowledge representation; Environmental law subject headings; Environmental law subject indexing; Environmental law subject classification; Environmental law thesauri; Environmental law ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: Genre/Form Terms for Law Materials.
CREATOR: American Association of Law Libraries Technical Services Special Interest Section, Classification and Subject Cataloging Policy Advisory Working Group.
PUBLISHER: American Association of Law Libraries Technical Services Special Interest Section.
DATE: 2009.
IDENTIFIER: No longer available from original source. Archived version: http://web.archive.org/web/20110711015802/http://www.aallnet.org/sis/tssis/committees/cataloging/classification/genreterms/genreformterms200910finaldraft.pdf.
RELATION:REPLACES: Genre terms for law materials: a thesaurus, compiled by William Benemann (Buffalo, N.Y.: William S. Hein & Co., 2006).
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Law; Classification Law.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: GLIN Subject Term Index.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.glin.gov/subjectTermIndex.action
PUBLISHER: Law Library of Congress.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Law; Classification Law.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

CREATOR: Hicks, Frederick C. (Frederick Charles), b. 1875; Warren, Katherine, b. 1893.
TITLE: Yale Law Library Classification.
DESCRIPTION: Preliminary ed.
PUBLISHER: Published for the Yale Law Library by the Yale University Press.
DATE: 1939
IDENTIFIER: LCCN: 40003085
IDENTIFIER: http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/8143461.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Law; Classification Law.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal subject classification; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: International Patent Classification (IPC).
IDENTIFIER: http://www.wipo.int/classifications/ipc/.
PUBLISHER: World Intellectual Property Organization.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Classification Law; Patents Classification.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject classification; Legal ontologies; Patent law information systems; Patent information systems; Patent law knowledge representation; Patent knowledge representation; Patent classification; Patent ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: IPROnto: An Ontology for Digital Rights Management.
IDENTIFIER: No longer available from original source. Archived version: http://web.archive.org/web/20110711015827/http://rhizomik.net/html/~roberto/papers/jdigslrgjurix2003.pdf.
CREATOR: Jaime Delgado, Isabel Gallego, Silvia Llorente, Roberto García González.
DATE: 2003.
RELATION:ISPARTOF: 16th Annual Conference on Legal Knowledge and Information Systems, JURIX'03.
RELATION:ISPARTOF: Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications, Vol. 106, pp. 111-120. IOS Press, 2003.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Copyright; Ontologies Information retrieval; Copyright licenses Data processing; Copyright and electronic data processing.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies; Copyright ontologies; Copyright knowledge representation; Copyright subject headings; Copyright information systems; Digital rights management.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) Classification Systems: K - Law and Economics.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.aeaweb.org/jel/jel_class_system.php.
PUBLISHER: American Economic Association.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Classification Law; Law and economics; Law Economic aspects.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal subject classification; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies; Law and economics.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: JurMeta.
IDENTIFIER: No longer available from original source. Archived version: http://web.archive.org/web/20100625023303/http://jurmeta.de/?.
PUBLISHER: jurMeta.
DESCRIPTION: This is a project to develop metadata standards for legal documents available on the open Internet.

TITLE: JurWordNet: Semantic Web of Legal Terminology.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.ittig.cnr.it/Ricerca/materiali/JurWordNet/JurWordNetEng.htm.
PUBLISHER: Italy. Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Teoria e Tecniche dell’Informazione Giuridica (ITTIG-CNR).
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Law; Classification Law; Ontologies Information retrieval.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies; Legal WordNets.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: Language for Legal Discourse: LLD.
CREATOR: McCarty, L. Thorne.
IDENTIFIER: http://logic.stanford.edu/classes/cs204/mccarty.pdf.
PUBLISHER: ACM.
DATE: 1989.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Law; Classification Law; Ontologies Information retrieval.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: LawMoose Legal Semantic Network / Law Practice Problem Solving Framework.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.lawmoose.com/index.cfm?cks=mnlaw
IDENTIFIER: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LawMoose
CREATOR: Pritchard, LaVern.
PUBLISHER: LawMoose.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Law; Classification Law.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: LC Classification (Library of Congress Classification), Class K: Law.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.loc.gov/aba/cataloging/classification/lcco/lcco_k.pdf
PUBLISHER: Library of Congress.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Classification Law.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal subject classification; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: Legal Case Ontology.
CREATOR: Wyner, Adam Zachary; Hoekstra, Rinke, 1977-
IDENTIFIER: http://wyner.info/LanguageLogicLawSoftware/index.php/2010/05/05/legal-case-ontology-owl-file/.
RELATION: Description by Dr. Adam Wyner and Dr. Rinke Hoekstra, A Legal Case OWL Ontology with an Instantiation of Popov v. Hayashi (2010), http://wyner.info/LanguageLogicLawSoftware/index.php/2010/04/28/new-article-on-legal-case-ontologies-in-knowledge-engineering-review/.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Law; Classification Law; Ontologies Information retrieval; Judgments.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal subject classification; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies; Court decisions; Judicial decisions; Judicial information systems.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: Legal Taxonomy Syllabus.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.eulawtaxonomy.org/.
PUBLISHER: University of Turin, Department of Informatics, Natural Language Processing Group.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Classification Law; Subject headings Law; Ontologies Information retrieval; Consumer credit Law and legislation; Consumer protection Law and legislation; Sales.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal taxonomies; Legal subject indexing; Legal subject classification; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies; Consumer law information systems; Consumer legal information systems; Consumer protection law information systems; Consumer credit law information systems.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: LexisNexis Headnotes.
IDENTIFIER: http://web.lexis.com/help/research/xlink_subjectid.asp
PUBLISHER: LexisNexis.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Classification Law; Law reports, digests, etc.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal subject classification; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies; Subject indexing of court decisions; Subject classification of court decisions; Subject access to court decisions.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: [Licensing Ontology]: Licensing Digital Content with a Generic Ontology: Escaping from the Jungle of Rights Expression Languages.
IDENTIFIER: http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1276318.1276330.
CREATOR: Nadia Nadah, Mélanie Dulong de Rosnay, Bruno Bachimont.
DATE: 2007.
RELATION:ISPARTOF: ICAIL 2007: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law, pages 65-69.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Copyright; Ontologies Information retrieval; Copyright licenses Data processing; Copyright and electronic data processing.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies; Copyright ontologies; Copyright knowledge representation; Copyright subject headings; Copyright information systems; Rights expression languages.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: Linked Data and Law.
IDENTIFIER: http://legalinformatics.wordpress.com/2009/08/19/linked-data-and-law/.
PUBLISHER: Legal Informatics Blog.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Law; Classification Law; Ontologies Information retrieval.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies; Linked Data and law; Legal Linked Data; Semantic Web and law; Legal Semantic Web.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Bibliographies; Lists of resources; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: LKIF: Legal Knowledge Interchange Format.
IDENTIFIER: Main Page: http://www.estrellaproject.org/?page_id=5;
LKIF-Core Ontology: http://www.estrellaproject.org/lkif-core/.
PUBLISHER: Estrella Project, University of Amsterdam. Leibniz Center for Law.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Law; Classification Law; Ontologies Information retrieval.
RELATION: Giovanni Sartor, Fundamental Legal Concepts: A Formal and Teleological Characterisation (2006) (EUI Working Papers ; LAW No. 2006/11), http://cadmus.eui.eu/bitstream/handle/1814/4351/LAW%202006.11.pdf.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

CREATOR: LOAIT: Workshop on Legal Ontologies and Artificial Intelligence Techniques.
IDENTIFIER: 2010: http://sunsite.informatik.rwth-aachen.de/Publications/CEUR-WS/Vol-605/
IDENTIFIER: 2009: Papers: http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-465; Website: http://www.ittig.cnr.it/loait/loait09.html;
IDENTIFIER: 2007: http://www.ittig.cnr.it/loait/loait07.html;
IDENTIFIER: 2005: http://www.ittig.cnr.it/loait/loait05.html;
IDENTIFIER: Directory of all files: http://www.ittig.cnr.it/loait/.
CONTRIBUTOR: Italy. Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche,
Istituto di Teoria e Tecniche dell’Informazione Giuridica (ITTIG-CNR).
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law Congresses; Law Methodology Congresses; Artificial intelligence Congresses; Expert systems (Computer science) Congresses; Ontologies (Information retrieval) Congresses.
TAGS: Artificial intelligence and law conferences; Legal informatics conferences; Legal knowledge based systems; Legal ontologies; Legal expert systems.
CATEGORIES: Articles and papers; Conference proceedings; Conreferences.

TITLE: LOIS: Lexical Ontologies for the Legal Information Society.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.ittig.cnr.it/Ricerca/Unita.php?Id=70&T=E
PUBLISHER: Italy. Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Teoria e Tecniche dell’Informazione Giuridica (ITTIG-CNR).
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Law; Classification Law; Ontologies Information retrieval.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: LRI-Core.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.leibnizcenter.org/previous-projects/lricore.
SPONSOR: University of Amsterdam. Leibniz Center for Law
DESCRIPTION: This ontology has been integrated into LKIF-Core Ontology.
RELATION:ISREPLACEDBY: LKIF-Core Ontology.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Law; Classification Law; Ontologies Information retrieval.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

CREATOR: Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law.
TITLE: Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law Classification.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.mpil.de/ww/en/pub/library/catalogues_databases/doc_of_articles.cfm.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Classification Law; Classification International law; Classification Comparative law.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject classification; Legal subject indexing; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

CREATOR: Moys, Elizabeth M.
TITLE: Moys Classification and Thesaurus for Legal Materials.
DESCRIPTION: 4th ed.
PUBLISHER: Bowker-Saur.
DATE: 2001.
IDENTIFIER: ISBN: 3598115024 ; 9783598115028;
IDENTIFIER: http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/224691985.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Law; Classification Law.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: NEURONA Ontologies.
IDENTIFIER: http://legalinformatics.wordpress.com/2010/04/24/casellas-et-al-on-ontological-semantics-for-data-privacy-compliance-the-neurona-project/.
CREATOR: Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona Instituto de Derecho y Tecnología; S21sec labs.
DATE: 2008- .
DESCRIPTION: Núria Casellas et al., Ontological Semantics for Data Privacy Compliance: The NEURONA Project (2010),
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Copyright; Ontologies Information retrieval; Data protection Law and legislation; Privacy Right of.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies; Data protection ontologies; Privacy law ontologies; Privacy regulation ontologies; Data privacy law ontologies; Data privacy regulation ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: NORMA.
CREATOR: Stamper, R. K. (Ronald K.).
IDENTIFIER: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9337.1991.tb00094.x.
PUBLISHER: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.; John Wiley and Sons.
DATE: 1991.
DESCRIPTION: T.J.M. Bench-Capon and P.R.S. Visser, Deep Models, Ontologies and Legal Knowledge Based Systems (1996), http://en.scientificcommons.org/43015038.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Law; Classification Law; Ontologies Information retrieval.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: Ontojuris.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.i3g.org.br/ontojuris/.
RELATION: Description by Cesar K. Stradiotto, Tania C. D. Bueno, and Hugo C. Hoeschl, Ontology Graphical Editor for Multilingual Document Search System (2009), http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-04957-6_39.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Law; Classification Law; Ontologies Information retrieval; Online social networks.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal subject classification; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies; Legal information retrieval; Legal social networks; Legal social media; Web 2.0 and law.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation; Information retrieval; Social networks; Projects.

TITLE: Ontologies and Legal Knowledge.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.di.unito.it/~gull/nlp-web/ontologies.html
PUBLISHER: University of Turin, Department of Informatics, Natural Language Processing Group, and Department of Scienze Giuridiche.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Law; Classification Law; Ontologies Information retrieval.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: OPJK: The Ontology of Professional Judicial Knowledge.
IDENTIFIER: Description, in Dr. Núria Casellas Caralt, Legal ontology engineering : methodologies, modelling trends, and the ontology of professional judicial knowledge(2011): dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-1497-7.
PUBLISHER: Springer.
DESCRIPTION: In Dr. Núria Casellas Caralt's dissertation, entitled Modelling Legal Knowledge Through Ontologies: OPJK: The Ontology of Professional Judicial Knowledge pt. 2 (2008).
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Law; Classification Law; Ontologies Information retrieval; Judges; Semantic Web.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies; Models of judges' legal knowledge; Judicial information systems; Judicial knowledge representation; Semantic Web and law; IURISERVICE; SEKT.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: OWL Model of Legal Norms.
IDENTIFIER: https://informatika.ftn.uns.ac.rs/legal/svn/norms/trunk/.
CREATOR: Zora Konjovic; Branko Milosavljevic; Goran Sladic; Stevan Gostojic.
PUBLISHER: University of Novi Sad Computing and Control Department.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Law; Classification Law; Ontologies Information retrieval.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: SALEM: Semantic Annotation for Legal Management.
RELATION: Description by Claudia Soria et al.: http://www.e-p-a-p.com/dlib/9788883980466/art18.pdf.
PUBLISHER: Norme in Rete; Italy. Centro Nazionale per l’Informatica nella Pubblica Amministrazione (CNIPA).
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Automatic indexing; Automatic classification; Subject cataloging; Legislation.
COVERAGE:SPATIAL: Italy.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Automatic subject indexing of legal documents; Automatic subject classification of legal documents; Automatic indexing of legal documents; Automatic classification of legal documents; Automatic subject indexing of legislation; Automatic subject classification of legislation; Automatic indexing of legislation; Automatic classification of legislation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: Schiller Classification System.
CREATOR: Schiller, A. Arthur.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.law.columbia.edu/library/about/classification#3939.
PUBLISHER: Columbia Law School Diamond Law Library.
RELATION: Schiller, A. Arthur. The Reclassification and Supplemental Cataloging of Books in the Columbia Law Library: A Survey. 2d ed. Columbia University, Law Library, 1947. OCLC # 183901485;
Schiller, A. Arthur & Dorothy Chamberlain. Foreign Law Classification in the Columbia University Library. Rev. ed. Oceana Publications, 1964, c1965. OCLC # 768282.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Law; Classification Law.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal subject classification; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: Semantic Digital Rights Management System: SemDRMS.
IDENTIFIER: No longer available from original source. Archived version: http://web.archive.org/web/20101012132330/http://rhizomik.net/html/semdrms/.
CREATOR: Roberto García González.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Subject headings Copyright; Ontologies Information retrieval; Copyright licenses Data processing; Copyright and electronic data processing.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies; Copyright ontologies; Copyright knowledge representation; Copyright subject headings; Copyright information systems; Digital rights management.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: UDC (Universal Decimal Classification) Summary: [Law].
IDENTIFIER: http://www.udcc.org/udcsummary/php/ (under "Main Tables," click on "3 Social Sciences....", then click on "34 Law. Jurisprudence").
PUBLISHER: UDC Consortium.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Classification Law.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal subject classification; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: UNESCO Thesaurus: 6.05: Legal Systems.
IDENTIFIER: http://databases.unesco.org/thesaurus/.
PUBLISHER: UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Classification Law.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal subject classification; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: UCC (Uniform Commercial Code) Article 2 Ontology: Legal Ontology of Sales Law Application to eCommerce.
CREATOR: Bagby, John W.; Mullen, Tracy.
IDENTIFIER: http://tmullen.ist.psu.edu/pubs/loait05_saleslaw.pdf.
PUBLISHER: Springer.
RELATION: Bagby, John W., and Mullen, Tracy. Legal Ontology of Sales Law Application to eCommerce. Artificial Intelligence and Law, 15(2), 155-170. DOI: 10.1007/s10506-007-9027-3.
SUBJECT: Subject headings Law; Classification Law; Subject headings Contracts; Classification Contracts; Subject headings Sales; Classification Sales.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal subject classification; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies; Contract law ontologies; Sales law ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: URN:LEX : A Uniform Resource Name (URN) Namespace for Sources of Law (LEX).
IDENTIFIER: http://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/draft-spinosa-urn-lex/.
CONTRIBUTOR: Institute of Legal Information Theory and Techniques of the Italian National Research Council (ITTIG/CNR); Italy. National Centre for ICT in Public Administration (CNIPA); Brazil, Federal Senate, IT Department (PRODASEN); Cornell Law School Legal Information Institute (LII).
DESCRIPTION: "The purpose of the 'lex' namespace is to assign an unequivocal identifier, in standard format, to documents that are sources of law. The identifier is conceived so that its construction depends only on the characteristics of the document itself and is, therefore, independent from the document's on-line availability, its physical location, and access mode. 'Sources of law' include any legal document within the domain of legislation (including bills), case law and administrative acts or regulations. This identifier will be used as a way to represent the references (and more generally, any type of relation) among the various sources of law. In an on-line environment with resources distributed among different Web publishers, uniform resource names allow simplified global interconnection of legal documents by means of automated hypertext linking."

TITLE: U.S. Patent Classification System (USPC).
IDENTIFIER: http://www.uspto.gov/web/patents/classification/.
PUBLISHER: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Classification Law; Patents Classification.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject classification; Legal ontologies; Patent law information systems; Patent information systems; Patent law knowledge representation; Patent knowledge representation; Patent classification; Patent ontologies.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: West Key Number System.
IDENTIFIER: http://west.thomson.com/documentation/westlaw/wlawdoc/wlres/keynmb06.pdf.
PUBLISHER: West, A Thomson Reuters Business.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Classification Law; Law reports, digests, etc.
COVERAGE:SPATIAL: United States.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal subject classification; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies; Subject indexing of court decisions; Subject classification of court decisions; Subject access to court decisions.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: West's Outline of the Law.
CITATION: In the preliminary pages of West's Analysis of American Law, http://west.thomson.com/productdetail/154546/17304137/productdetail.aspx
PUBLISHER: West, A Thomson Reuters Business.
DESCRIPTION: This outline shows the topical hierarchy informing the West Key Number System.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Classification Law; Law reports, digests, etc.
COVERAGE:SPATIAL: United States.
TAGS: Legal knowledge representation; Legal subject headings; Legal subject indexing; Legal subject classification; Legal thesauri; Legal ontologies; Subject indexing of court decisions; Subject classification of court decisions; Subject access to court decisions.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Knowledge representation.

See Also KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION: GENERAL RESOURCES WITH APPLICATION TO LAW

See Also METADATA: LEGAL

See Also METADATA: GENERAL

See Also CITATION STANDARDS

See Also ARTICLES

See Also CONFERENCES & CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

See Also COURSES, DEPARTMENTS, RESEARCH CENTERS, ETC.

See Also JOURNALS

See Also MONOGRAPHS

See Also ORGANIZATIONS

See Also PREPRINTS

See Also PROJECTS

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Maintained by Robert Richards