LEGAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS
& LEGAL INFORMATICS RESOURCES:
METADATA RESOURCES: LEGAL (SELECTED)

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NOTE: The resources listed on this page concern metadata specifically designed for legal information. For general metadata resources having application to legal information, see the METADATA: GENERAL section of this Website. In addition, most of the resources listed on this page deal with descriptive or structural metadata. For resources on knowledge representation (controlled vocabularies, authority files, thesauri, ontologies, etc.) see the KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION section of this Website.

TITLE: Legal Informatics Blog Posts on Legal Metadata.
IDENTIFER: http://legalinformatics.wordpress.com/tag/legal-metadata/.
IDENTIFER: http://legalinformatics.wordpress.com/tag/legal-descriptive-metadata/.
TAGS: Legal metadata; Legal descriptive metadata.
CATEGORIES: Applications; Standards.

TITLE: Report on “The Future Is Digital: Metadata Standards and Applications Workshop,” an AALL TS-SIS Preconference Workshop at the 2007 AALL Annual Meeting.
CREATOR: Sean Chen
RELATION:ISPARTOF: Tech. Servs. Law Librarian, Sept. 2007, at 51.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.aallnet.org/sis/tssis/tsll/33-01/33-01.pdf

TITLE: AALL TS-SIS Cataloging Committee Links to Cataloging Resources.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.aallnet.org/sis/tssis/techlinks/cataloging.htm

TITLE: ACAP (Automated Content Access Protocol).
IDENTIFIER: http://www.the-acap.org/

TITLE: AKOMA NTOSO (Architecture for Knowledge-Oriented Management of African Normative Texts Using Open Standards and Ontologies).
IDENTIFIER: http://www.akomantoso.org/
PUBLISHER: United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

TITLE: Cataloging Legal Literature: A Manual on AACR2R and Library of Congress Subject Headings for Legal Materials.
CREATOR: Melody Busse Lembke & Rhonda K. Lawrence
DESCRIPTION: 3rd ed.
PUBLISHER: W.S. Hein & Co.
DATE: 1997
IDENTIFIER: http://www.wshein.com/Catalog/Product.aspx?sku=717 (description only); some supplements available at http://www.aallnet.org/sis/tssis/techlinks/cataloging.htm

TITLE: ccREL: Creative Commons Rights Expression Language.
IDENTIFIER: http://wiki.creativecommons.org/CcREL.
PUBLISHER: Creative Commons.
DESCRIPTION: ccREL is "a specification describing how license information may be described using RDF and how license information may be attached to works."

TITLE: CEN MetaLex: Open XML Interchange Format for Legal and Legislative Resources.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.metalex.eu/.

TITLE: Citation Standards.
RELATION: See the CITATION STANDARDS section of this Website

TITLE: Civic Commons: Legislation: Standards and Open Source for Managing Legislation.
IDENTIFIER: http://wiki.civiccommons.org/Legislation.
PUBLISHER: Civic Commons.

TITLE: Court Document XML Specifications.
IDENTIFIER: Court Document 1.1: http://www.ncsconline.org/D_Tech/standards/Documents/CourtDocument11-rev1/CourtDocument11/CourtDocument_11(rev1).html;
Court Document 2.0: http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/download.php/9114/schall~1.xsd;
Court Filing Documents Subcommittee presentation, describing plan to revise Court Document 1.1;
Other Court Filing Documents Subcommittee documents, http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/documents.php?wg_abbrev=courtfiling-doc
PUBLISHER: LegalXML
DESCRIPTION: This is an XML DTD for all types of court documents, including pleadings, motions, briefs, opinions, and orders.

TITLE: CourtOpinionDTD.
IDENTIFIER: https://github.com/emasters/CourtOpinionDTD
CREATOR: Masters, Elmer.
PUBLISHER: GitHub.
DESCRIPTION: "This DTD was developed in 1999-2000 to markup the opinions issued by the US Circuit Court of Appeals. Work was done with an eye toward generalized use to mark up any court opinions."--README.md

TITLE: The Crown XML Schema for Legislation.
IDENTIFIER: No longer available from original publisher. Archived version: hhttp://web.archive.org/web/20100810002019/http://www.opsi.gov.uk/legislation/schema/.
PUBLISHER: United Kingdom. National Archives. Office of Public Sector Information.

TITLE: CSL with MLZ extensions: Citational Style Language with Multilingual Zotero Extensions.
CREATOR: Bennett, Frank.
IDENTIFIER: http://citationstylist.org/
PUBLISHER: CitationStylist.
DESCRIPTION: A version of Citation Style Language that supports legal citation styles for use with Zotero and other citation management systems.

TITLE: ECF 4.0 Specification: Electronic Court Filing 4.0 Specification.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/tc_home.php?wg_abbrev=legalxml-courtfiling (scroll down)
PUBLISHER: LegalXML

TITLE: EDRM: Electronic Discovery Reference Model.
IDENTIFIER: XML: http://www.edrm.net/projects/xml/downloads;
Main Site: http://www.edrm.net/.
PUBLISHER: EDRM.
DESCRIPTION: This is a set of standards, including an XML schema, for electronic discovery.
SUBJECT: Electronic discovery (Law); Discovery (Law)

TITLE: ESTRELLA General XML format(s) for legal Sources.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.estrellaproject.org/doc/D3.1-General-XML-formats-For-Legal-Sources.pdf
PUBLISHER: Leibniz Center for Law.

TITLE: Federal Legislative XML Guide.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.cato.org/doc-download/sites/cato.org/files/wp-content/uploads/catoxmlguide-01232013.pdf
PUBLISHER: Cato Institute.
DESCRIPTION: "This is a guide to XML, how it is currently being used by the United States Congress, and how the Cato Institute plans to improve legislative transparency with enhanced tagging and improved data relationships."

TITLE: GJXDM (Global Justice Extensible Data Model).
IDENTIFIER: http://www.it.ojp.gov/jxdm/
PUBLISHER: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs
DESCRIPTION: This is a data model for justice and public safety documents. The LegalXML court standards seek to be compatible with GJXDM.

TITLE: Global Justice Reference Architecture (JRA).
IDENTIFIER: http://it.ojp.gov/default.aspx?area=nationalInitiatives&page=1015
PUBLISHER: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs
DESCRIPTION: This is a not a metadata schema, but an information exchange model for justice and public safety agencies.

TITLE: IEPD: Information Exchange Package Documentation.
IDENTIFIER: NCSC IEPD Page:http://www.ncsconline.org/D_Tech/gjxdm/IEPD.asp.
PUBLISHER: National Center for State Courts.
IDENTIFIER: NIEM IEPD Clearinghouse (database of XML instances conforming to NIEM): http://www.it.ojp.gov/framesets/iepd-clearinghouse-noClose.htm
PUBLISHER: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs.
DESCRIPTION: These are standards for a number of court or justice document or information types, including protection orders, arrest warrants, bond documents, and court performance data.

TITLE: JIEM: Justice Information Exchange Model.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.search.org/programs/info/jiem/
INSTITUTIONS: SEARCH and U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance
DESCRIPTION: This is not a metadata schema, but a model of an information exchange system for justice, public safety, and homeland security agencies.

TITLE: JRA: Global Justice Reference Architecture.
RELATION: SEE Global Justice Reference Architecture (JRA) above

TITLE: jurMeta.
IDENTIFIER: No longer available from the original publisher. Archived version: http://web.archive.org/web/20100625023303/http://jurmeta.de/?
IDENTIFIER: JuraWiki.de: JurMeta: http://www.jurawiki.de/JurMeta
CONTRIBUTOR: Felix Zimmermann.
PUBLISHER: jurMeta.
DESCRIPTION: This is a project to develop descriptive metadata standards and a legal ontology for legal documents available on the open Internet.

TITLE: Legal Information Institute Legislative Metadata Model.
IDENTIFIER: http://blog.law.cornell.edu/metasausage/downloads-and-related-information/
PUBLISHER: Legal Information Institute, Cornell University Law School.
DESCRIPTION: "The materials here document a metadata model for Federal legislation."

TITLE: Legal XML.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.legalxml.org/.
DESCRIPTION: Creates standards to enable the exchange of digital legal documents. "LegalXML is a member section within OASIS [...]."

TITLE: Legislative Documents in XML at the United States House of Representatives.
IDENTIFIER: http://xml.house.gov/.
CONTRIBUTOR: United States. Congress. House. Office of the Clerk.
CONTRIBUTOR: United States. Congress. Senate. Office of the Secretary.
PUBLISHER: U.S. Congress. House of Representatives.
DESCRIPTION: Provides access to XML DTDs and schemas for U.S. federal bills, resolutions, amendments, committee reports, roll call votes, and entries in the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

TITLE: LexCraft.
IDENTIFIER: http://topics.law.cornell.edu/wiki/lexcraft.
PUBLISHER: Cornell University School of Law Legal Information Institute (LII)
DESCRIPTION: A collection of “best practices for electronic legal information publication,” including a lot of information on metadata standards and practices.

TITLE: LEXML.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.lexml.it/mission_english.html.
DESCRIPTION: This is a forum for exchanging information about the use of XML in connection with law, particularly in Europe.

TITLE: LISA: Legal Information Standards Action Network.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.lisan.org/li/links/links.htm.
DESCRIPTION: Promotes information sharing respecting application of standards to legal information

TITLE: Metalex.
RELATION: SEE CEN Metalex above.

TITLE: MIEM: Maritime Information Exchange Model.
IDENTIFIER: Description by Dr. Rick Hayes-Roth and Dr. David Reading.
CREATOR: U.S. Comprehensive Maritime Awareness Joint Concept Technology Demonstration (CMA JCTD); U.S. Maritime Domain Awareness Data Sharing Community of Interest Data Management Working Group (MDA DS COI DMWG).
DESCRIPTION: This is a set of XML DTDs for maritime events and documents, including Advance Notices of Arrival, required by 33 CFR sec. 401.79; for ship manifests, which have legal functions in certain contexts; and for other law-related documents.

TITLE: MPEG-21 REL: Rights Expression Language.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=36095;
ISO/IEC 21000-5:2004.
RELATION: Description of MPEG-21 REL by the Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG): http://mpeg.chiariglione.org/standards/mpeg-21/mpeg-21.htm.
PUBLISHER: ISO: International Organization for Standardization.

TITLE: NIEM: National Information Exchange Model.
IDENTIFIER: Main Website: http://www.niem.gov;
IEPD Clearinghouse (database of XML instances conforming to NIEM): http://www.it.ojp.gov/framesets/iepd-clearinghouse-noClose.htm;
NCSC IEPD Page:http://www.ncsconline.org/D_Tech/gjxdm/IEPD.asp.
INSTITUTIONS: U.S. Department of Justice and U.S. Department of Homeland Security; National Center for State Courts.
DESCRIPTION: This is a set of metadata standards for courts, justice administration, and homeland security. The LegalXML standards seek to comply with the NIEM standards.

TITLE: Norma-DTD.
RELATION: Description of Norma-DTD, in Monica Palmirani and Raffaella Brighi, "Norma-System: A Legal Document System for Managing Consolidated Acts," in Database and Expert Systems Applications: 13th International Conference, DEXA 2002 Aix-en-Provence, France, September 2–6, 2002 Proceedings, editors Abdelkader Hameurlain, Rosine Cicchetti, and Roland Traunmüller, Springer, 2002, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/3-540-46146-9_31
PUBLISHER: C.I.R.S.F.I.D, University of Bologna.

TITLE: Norme in Rete XML DTD.
IDENTIFIER: No longer available from original publisher. Archived version: http://web.archive.org/web/20090626084206/http://www.nir.it/sito_area3-ap_stan_rappresentazione_xml.htm
PUBLISHER: Italy. Centro Nazionale per l’Informatica nella Pubblica Amministrazione (CNIPA); Ministero della Guistizia

TITLE: OAI4Courts.
IDENTIFIER: http://oai4courts.wikispaces.com/
PUBLISHER: Cornell University Law School Legal Information Institute
DESCRIPTION: Promotes the development of digital legal libraries having interoperable metadata conforming to OAI-PMH.

TITLE: ODRL: Open Digital Rights Language.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.w3.org/community/odrl/.
PUBLISHER: Open Digital Rights Language Initiative.

TITLE: ONIX-PL: ONIX for Publication Licenses.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.editeur.org/21/ONIX-PL/.
PUBLISHER: EDItEUR.
DESCRIPTION: "ONIX-PL is an XML format for the communication of license terms for digital publications in a structured and substantially encoded form, designed to serve the interests of all parties in the licensing chain."

TITLE: [Real Property Transaction Standards:] OSCRE Standards .
IDENTIFIER: http://www.oscre.org/standards/list.
CONTRIBUTOR: Open Standards Consortium for Real Estate (OSCRE); PISCES Ltd.
DESCRIPTION: These are XML schemas for real property conveyancing, leasing, registration, investment, and facilities management.

TITLE: Regulations XML Repository.
IDENTIFIER: http://eil.stanford.edu/regnet/resources/repository.htm.
PUBLISHER: Stanford University, School of Engineering, Engineering Informatics Group.

TITLE: RuleML: The Rule Markup Initiative.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.ruleml.org/.

TITLE: Rutgers Law Library Legal Document Metadata Set.
IDENTIFIER: http://njlaw.rutgers.edu/xmp/rulaw/1.0/terms.rdf
CREATOR: Joergensen, John.
PUBLISHER: Rutgers School of Law Newark Law Library.
DESCRIPTION: Covers legislation and court decisions.

TITLE: Saarbrücker Standard 2000: XML-Standard für gerichtliche Entscheidungen.
IDENTIFIER: https://www.edvgt.de/pages/beschluesse-und-veroeffentlichungen-des-edv-gt/saarbruecker-standard-2000.php
PUBLISHER: Deutsche EDV-Gerichtstag e.V.
DESCRIPTION: This is an XML DTD for court decisions.

TITLE: SALEM: Semantic Annotation for Legal Management.
IDENTIFIER: Description by Claudia Soria et al.: http://www.e-p-a-p.com/dlib/9788883980466/art18.pdf.
SPONSOR: Norme in Rete; Italy. Centro Nazionale per l’Informatica nella Pubblica Amministrazione (CNIPA).

TITLE: SLIM: Simplified Legislative Information Model.
CREATOR: Vergottini, Grant.
IDENTIFIER: http://legix.info/legix/slim/SLIM-3.4.xsd.
IDENTIFIER: Description by Grant Vergottini: Understanding Slim, http://www.legix.info/legix/resources/Understanding%20SLIM.pdf.
PUBLISHER: Legix.info ; Xcential Group LLC.

TITLE: URN:LEX : A Uniform Resource Name (URN) Namespace for Sources of Law (LEX).
IDENTIFIER: https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/draft-spinosa-urn-lex/.
CONTRIBUTOR: Institute of Legal Information Theory and Techniques of the Italian National Research Council (ITTIG/CNR); Italy. National Centre for ICT in Public Administration (CNIPA); Brazil, Federal Senate, IT Department (PRODASEN); Cornell Law School Legal Information Institute (LII).
DESCRIPTION: "The purpose of the 'lex' namespace is to assign an unequivocal identifier, in standard format, to documents that are sources of law. The identifier is conceived so that its construction depends only on the characteristics of the document itself and is, therefore, independent from the document's on-line availability, its physical location, and access mode. 'Sources of law' include any legal document within the domain of legislation (including bills), case law and administrative acts or regulations. This identifier will be used as a way to represent the references (and more generally, any type of relation) among the various sources of law. In an on-line environment with resources distributed among different Web publishers, uniform resource names allow simplified global interconnection of legal documents by means of automated hypertext linking."

TITLE: XMLaw Specification.
IDENTIFIER: Version 1.0, 2007: http://www2.dbd.puc-rio.br/pergamum/tesesabertas/0510953_07_cap_02.pdf.
DESCRIPTION: Included in chapter 2 of Rodrigo de Barros Paes, Governança de Sistemas Multi-Agentes Abertos com Fidedignidade = Governance of Open Multi-Agent Systems with Dependability (2007), Thesis (Ph.D.), Pontifical Catholical University of Rio de Janeiro, http://www2.dbd.puc-rio.br/pergamum/tesesabertas/0510953_07_pretextual.pdf.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; XML Document markup language.
TAGS: Legal XML; Legal metadata; Legal structural metadata.
CATEGORIES: Dissertations and theses; Metadata.

TITLE: xmLeges-Editor.
IDENTIFIER: Download: http://www.ittig.cnr.it/xmleges/ ; Presentation by Tommaso Agnoloni, Enrico Francesconi, & Pierluigi Spinosa: http://www.ittig.cnr.it/legws/Presentations/AgnoloniFrancesconiSpinosa.pdf.
PUBLISHER: Italy. Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Teoria e Tecniche dell’Informazione Giuridica (ITTIG-CNR).

TITLE: XML Wrapper for Legislative Bills.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.ncsl.org/default.aspx?TabId=19628#XMLWrapper.
PUBLISHER: National Conference of State Legislatures.
PUBLISHER: Minnesota. Office of the Revisor of Statutes.
CONTRIBUTOR: Library of Congress. National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program (NDIIPP).
DESCRIPTION: "...an experimental file format for storing legislative bills. The file format is called the "xmlwrapper" format because it wraps existing files and metadata in XML. For each bill a single XML file is created that contains all the files a legislature chooses to publish. The format uses a legislature's existing file formats; no transformations are necessary. The xmlwrapper file format is identical regardless of the legislature creating the file. The xmlwrapper format allows organizations to obtain bills from multiple state legislatures with small or no increase in resources. The file format may eventually prove useful for state legislatures and state archives to archive bills."

TITLE: XrML: Extensible Rights Markup Language.
IDENTIFIER: No longer available from original publisher. Archived version: http://web.archive.org/web/20090401230625/http://www.xrml.org/.
PUBLISHER: ContentGuard.
DESCRIPTION: "XrML provides a universal method for securely specifying and managing rights and conditions associated with all kinds of resources including digital content as well as services."

See Also METADATA: GENERAL

See Also KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION: LEGAL

See Also KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION: GENERAL

See Also CITATION STANDARDS

See Also ARTICLES

See Also CONFERENCES & CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

See Also JOURNALS

See Also MONOGRAPHS

See Also ORGANIZATIONS

See Also PREPRINTS

See Also PROJECTS

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