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Publications


 

  Books
  Computer Software

  Original Papers
  Publications by Collaborators


 

Books
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Nei, M. (2013) Mutation-Driven Evolution. Oxford University Press, Oxford. See here for more details.


Nei, M., and S. Kumar (2000) Molecular Evolution and Phylogenetics. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

(Examples and the software used in this book are available at http://lifesciences.asu.edu/mep/ .)


Nei, M., and N. Takahata (eds). (1996) Current Topics on Molecular Evolution. Proceedings of the U.S.-Japan Workshop, Hayama, Japan.  The Pennsylvania State University, PA, USA.


Roychoudhury, A. K., and M. Nei (1988) Human Polymorphic Genes: World Distribution. Oxford University Press, Oxford and New York.


Nei, M. (1987) Molecular Evolutionary Genetics. Columbia University Press, New York.


Nei, M., and R. K. Koehn (eds). (1983) Evolution of Genes and Proteins. Sinauer Assoc., Sunderland, MA.


Nei, M. (1975) Molecular Population Genetics and Evolution. North-Holland, Amsterdam and New York.  Copyrights by Masatoshi Nei.

Click on the book icon or HERE to view and print the PDF file of this book which is 290 pages.


 

Computer Software
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Click HERE to go to the Molecular Evolution and Phylogenetics (MEP) web site for various computer programs for analyzing gene frequency data, DNA and protein sequence data.


     Tamura, K., Peterson, D., Peterson, N., Stecher, G., Nei, M., Kumar, S. (2011) MEGA5 : Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis using Maximum Likelihood, Evolutionary Distance, and Maximum Parsimony Methods. Mol. Biol. Evol. 28:2731-2739.


     Takezaki, N., Nei, M., Tamura, K. (2010) POPTREE2: Software for constructing population trees from allele frequency data and computing other population statistics with Windows-interface. Mol. Biol. Evol. 27:747-752.


     Tamura, K., Dudley, J., Nei, M., Kumar, S. (2007) MEGA4 : Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis. Mol. Biol. Evol. 24(8):1596-1599.


      Kumar, S., Tamura, K., and Nei, M. (2004) MEGA3 : Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis. Bioinformatics 5:150-163.


Kumar, S., K. Tamura, I. B. Jakobsen, and M. Nei (2001) MEGA2 : Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis. Ver. 2.1, Bioinformatics 17:1244-1245.


Kumar, S., K. Tamura, and M. Nei (1993) MEGA: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis. Ver. 1.02, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA.

 


 

Original Papers
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2013

2012

2011

2010

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2008

2007

2006

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1958
 

 

 


 

2014  (back to top)

  Takezaki, N., Nei, M., and Tamura, K. (2014) POPTREEW: Web Version of POPTREE for Constructing Population Trees from Allele Frequency Data and Computing Some Other Quantities. Mol. Biol. Evol. Advance Access: 1-3.

  Zhang, Z., Klein, J., and Nei, M. (2014) Evolution of the Sex-lethal Gene in Insects and Origin of the Sex-Determination System in Drosophila. J. Mol. Evol. 78:50-65.

2013  (back to top)

  Nei, M. (2013) Genetic Distance. In: Encyclopedia of Genetics , Academic Press, Amsterdam. pp. 248-250.

  Miura, S., Zhang, Z., and Nei, M. (2013) Random fluctuation of selection coefficients and the extent of nucleotide variation in human populations. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 110(26):10676-81.

2012  (back to top)

  Nozawa, M., Miura, S., and Nei, M. (2012) Origins and evolution of microRNA genes in plant species. Gen. Biol Evol. 4:230-239.

2011  (back to top)

  Nei, M., and M. Nozawa (2011) Roles of Mutation and Selection in Speciation: From Hugo
de Vries to the modern genomic era. Gen. Biol Evol. 3:812-829.

 

Tamura, K., Peterson, D., Peterson, N., Stecher, G., Nei, M., and S. Kumar (2011) MEGA5: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis using Maximum Likelihood, Evolutionary Distance, and Maximum Parsimony Methods. Mol. Biol Evol. 28:2731-2739.

 

Miura, S., Nozawa, M., and M. Nei (2011) Evolutionary changes of the target sites of two microRNAs encoded in the Hox gene cluster of Drosophila and other insect species. Genome Biol Evol. 3:129–139.

2010  (back to top)

 

Nei, M., Suzuki, Y., and M. Nozawa (2010) The neutral theory of molecular evolution in the genomic era. Ann Rev Genomics Hum Genet. 11:265-89.

 

Nozawa, M., Miura, S., and M. Nei. (2010) Origins and evolution of microRNA genes in Drosophilaspecies. Genome Biol Evol. 2010:180-189.

  Nozawa, M., Suzuki, S., and M. Nei. (2010) Is positive selection responsible for the evolution of a duplicate UV-senstive opsin gene in Heliconius butterflies? Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 107:E96.

  Das S., Mohamedy U., Hirano M., Nei M., and N. Nikolaidis. (2010) Analysis of the immunoglobulin light chain genes in zebra finch: evolutionary implications. Mol Biol Evol. 27:113-120.

 

Takezaki, N., Nei. M. and Tamura, K. (2010) POPTREE2 : Software for constructing population trees from allele frequency data and computing other population statistics with Windows-interface. Mol. Biol. Evol. 27:747–752.


2009  (back to top)

 

   Nozawa, M, Suzuki, Y, and M. Nei. (2009) Response to Yang et al.: Problems with Bayesian methods of detecting positive selection at the DNA sequence level. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106:e96.


 

  Das S, Nikolaidis N, and M. Nei. (2009) Genomic organization and evolution of immunoglobulin kappa gene enhancers and kappa deleting element in mammals. Mol Immunol. 46:3171-3177.


 

 

    Takezaki, N., and M. Nei (2009) Genomic drift and evolution of microsatellite DNAs in human populations. Mol. Biol. Evol. 26(8):1835-1840.


 

    Nozawa, M., Suzuki, Y., and M. Nei (2009) Reliabilities of identifying positive selection by the branch-site and the site-prediction methods. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106(16):6700-6705. Supplemental Material

Science daily Commentary

BioInform


 

    Ye, X., Nikolaidis, N., Nei, M. and Z. Lai (2009) Evolution of the mob gene family. The Open Cell Signaling Jounral 1:1-11.


 

    Xu, G., Ma, H., Nei, M., and H. Kong (2009) Evolution of F-box genes in plants: different modes of sequence divergence and their relationships with functional diversification. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106:835-840.


 

    Nozawa, M., and M. Nei (2009)Evolution of olfactory receptor gene family: mechanisms of copy number evolution. Seibutsukagku. 61:15-23. (In Japanese).


2008  (back to top)

 

Niimura, Y., and M. Nei (2008) Evolution of chemosensory receptor gene families. Experimental Medicine 26(4) 482-492. (In Japanese)


 

    M. Nei and other authors. (2008) Darwin 200: Great expectations. Nature 456: 317-318.


 

    Nei, M., Niimura. Y., and Nozawa, M. (2008) The evolution of animal chemosensory receptor genes repertoires: roles of chance and necessity. Nat. Rev. Genet. 9:951-963.


 

    Chalkia, D., Nikolaidis, N., Makalowski, W., Klein, J., and  M. Nei (2008) Origins and evolution of the formin multigene family that is involved in the formation of actin filaments. Mol. Biol. Evol. 25(12): 2717-2733.


 

     Das, S., Nikolaidis, N., Klein, J., and M. Nei (2008) Evolutionary redefinition of immunoglobulin light chain isotypes in tetrapods using molecular markers. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 105:16647-16652.


 

     Lin, Z., Ma, H., and Nei, M (2008) Ultraconserved Coding Regions outside the Homeobox of Mammalian Hox Genes. BMC Evolutionary Biology 8:260.


 

     Nozawa, M., and Nei, M. (2008) Genomic drift and copy number variation of chemosensory receptor genes in humans and mice. Cytogenetic Genome Research 123:263-369.


 

     Kumar, S., Nei, M., Dudley, J., and K. Tamura (2008) A biologist-centric software for evolutionary analysis of DNA and protein sequences. Briefings in Bioinformatics 9:299-306.


 

     Takezaki, N., and M. Nei (2008) Empirical tests of the reliability of phylogenetic trees constructed with microsatellite DNA. Genetics 178:384-392.


 

     Das, S., Nozawa, M., Klein, J., and M. Nei (2008) Evolutionary dynamics of the immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region genes in vertebrates. Immunogenetics 60:47-55. Supplemental Material

Supplemental Table 1                   

Supplemental Table 2                                           


2007  (back to top)

 

     Nozawa, M., Kawahara, Y., and M. Nei. (2007) Genomic drift and copy number variation of sensory receptor genes in humans. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104: 20421-20426. Supporting Information


 

     Tamura, K., Dudley, J., Nei, M., and Kumar, S. (2007) MEGA4 : Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis. Mol. Biol. Evol. 24(8):1596-1599.


 

Lin, Z., Nei, M., and Ma, H. (2007) The origins and early evolution of DNA mismatch repair genes-multiple horizontal gene transfers and coevolution. Nucleic Acids Res. 35(22):7591-7603.


 

Niimura, Y. and M. Nei. (2007) The Human Genome Project (12). Major gene families in humans and their evolutionary history. Henry Stewart Talks. http://hst.streamuk.com/extracts/humpop.htm


 

Niimura, Y. and M. Nei. (2007) Extensive gains and losses of olfactory receptor genes in mammalian evolution. PLoS One e708:1-8.


 

Nei, M. (2007) The new mutation theory of phenotypic evolution. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104:12235-12242. Supporting Information


 

Nozawa, M. and M. Nei. (2007) Evolutionary dynamics of olfactory receptor genes in Drosophila species. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104:7122-7127. Supporting Information


2006  (back to top)

 

Lin, Z., Kong, H., Nei, M. and Ma. H. (2006) Origin and evolution of the recA/RAD51 gene family: Evidence for ancient gene duplication and endosymbiotic gene transfer. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103:10328-10333.

 

Editor's Choice Paper (2006) Science 312:1849.


 

Niimura, Y. and M. Nei (2006) Evolutionary dynamics of olfactory and other chemosensory receptor genes in vertebrates. J. Hum. Gen. 51:505-517.


 

Hao, L., Klein, J., and M. Nei (2006) Heterogeneous but conserved natural killer receptor gene complexes in four major orders of mammals. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103:3192-3197.


2005  (back to top)

 

Nei, M. (2005) Selectionism and neutralism in molecular evolution. Mol. Biol. Evol. 22:2318-2342.

Nei, M. (2006) Selectionism and neutralism in molecular evolution. Erratum Mol. Biol. Evol. 23:1095.


 

Nam, J. and M. Nei (2005) Evolutionary change of the numbers of homebox genes in bilaterial animals. Mol. Biol. Evol. 22:2386-2394.


 

Nei, M. and A. P. Rooney (2005) Concerted and birth-and-death evolution of multigene families. Annu. Rev. Genet. 39:121-152.


 

Glazko, G., V. Veeramachaneni, M. Nei, and W. Makalowski (2005) Eighty percent of proteins are different between humans and chimpanzees. Gene 346:215-219.


 

Hao, L. and M. Nei (2005) Rapid expansion of killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor genes in primates and their coevolution with MHC Class I genes. Gene 347:149-159.


 

Nam, J., K. Kaufmann, G. Theissen, and M. Nei (2005) A simple method for predicting the functional differentiation of duplicate genes and its application to MIKC-type MADS-box genes. Nucleic Acids Res. 33:e12.


 

Nikolaidis, N., J. Klein, and M. Nei (2005) Origin and evolution of the Ig-like domains present in mammalian leukocyte receptors: insights from chicken, frog, and fish homologues. Immunogenetics 57:151-157.


 

Nikolaidis, N., I. Makalowska, D. Chalkia, W. Makalowski, J. Klein, and M. Nei (2005) Origin and evolution of the chicken leukocyte receptor complex. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102:4057-4062.


 

Niimura, Y. and M. Nei (2005) Comparative evolutionary analysis of olfactory receptor gene clusters between humans and mice. Gene: Evol. Genomics 346:13-21.


 

Niimura, Y. and M. Nei (2005) Evolutionary changes of the number of olfactory receptor genes in the human and mouse lineages. Gene: Evol. Genomics 346:23-28.


 

link

Niimura, Y. and M. Nei (2005) Evolutionary dynamics of olfactory receptor genes in fishes and tetrapods. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 102:6039-6044.


 

Nei, M. (2005) Bottlenecks, genetic polymorphism and speciation. Comments on "Anecdotal, historical, and critical commentaries on genetics." (J. F. Crow and W. F. Dove, eds.), Genetics 170:1-4.


2004  (back to top)

 

Hao, L. and M. Nei (2004) Genomic organization and evolutionary analysis of Ly49 genes encoding the rodent natural killer cell receptors: rapid evolution by repeated gene duplication. Immunogenetics 56:343-354.


 

Kumar, S., K. Tamura, and M. Nei (2004) MEGA3: Integrated Software for Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis and Sequence Alignment. Brief. Bioinform. 5:150-163.


 

Nam, J., J. Kim, S. Lee, G. An, H. Ma, and M. Nei (2004) Type I MADS-box genes have experienced faster birth-and-death evolution than type II MADS-box genes in angiosperms.  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101:1910-1915.


 

Nei, M (2004) Evolutionary biology in the genomic era.  The Twenty Years of International Prize for Biology. 27-28.


 

Nikolaidis, N. and M. Nei (2004) Concerted and nonconcerted evolution of the Hsp70 gene superfamily in two sibling species of nematodes. Mol. Biol. Evol. 21:498-505.


 

Suzuki, Y. and M. Nei (2004) False-positive selection identified by ML-based methods: Examples from the Sig1 gene of the diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii and the tax  gene of a human T-cell lymphotropic virus. Mol. Biol. Evol. 21:914-921.


 

Tamura, K., M. Nei, and S. Kumar (2004) Prospects for inferring very large phylogenies using the neighbor-joining method.  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101:11030-11035.


2003  (back to top)

 

Misawa, K. and M. Nei (2003) Reanalysis of Murphy et al.'s data gives various mammalian phylogenies and suggests overcredibility of Bayesian trees. J. Mol. Evol. 57:S290-S296.


 

Niimura, Y. and M. Nei (2003) Evolution of olfactory receptor genes in the human genome. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100:12235-12240.


 

Nam, J., C. W. dePamphilis, H. Ma, and M. Nei (2003) Antiquity and evolution of the MADS-box gene family controlling flower development in plants. Mol. Biol. Evol. 20:1435-1447.


 

Piontkivska, H. & M. Nei (2003) Birth-and-death evolution in primate MHC class I genes: divergence time estimates. Mol. Biol. Evol. 20:601-609.


 

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Glazko, G. V. and M. Nei (2003) Estimation of divergence times for major lineages of primate species. Mol. Biol. Evol. 20:424-434.


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Zhang, J. and M. Nei (2003) Evolutionary distance: estimation of. In: Encyclopedia of the Human Genome.


 

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Nei, M. (2003) News and commentary. Let's stick together. Heredity 90:411-412.


2002  (back to top)

 

Itoh, T., W. Martin, and M. Nei (2002) Acceleration of genomic evolution caused by enhanced mutation rate in endocellular symbionts. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99:12944-12948.


 

Nei, M. and G. V. Glazko (2002) Estimation of divergence times for a few mammalian and several primate species. J. Hered. 93:157-164.


 

Piontkivska, H., A. P. Rooney, and M. Nei (2002) Purifying selection and birth-and-death evolution in the histone H4 gene family. Mol. Biol. Evol. 19:689-697.


 

Rooney, A. P., H. Piontkivska, and M. Nei (2002) Molecular evolution of the nontandemly repeated genes of the histone 3 multigene family. Mol. Biol. Evol. 19:68-75.   


 

Su, C., V. K. Nguyen, and M. Nei (2002) Adaptive evolution of variable region genes encoding an unusual type of immunoglobulin in camelids. Mol. Biol. Evol. 19:205-215.

 

Suzuki, Y. and M. Nei (2002) Origin and evolution of influenza virus hemagglutinin genes. Mol. Biol. Evol. 19:501-509.

 
 

Suzuki, Y. and M. Nei (2002) Simulation study of the reliability and robustness of the statistical methods for detecting positive selection at single amino acid sites. Mol. Biol. Evol. 19:1865-1869.


 

Suzuki, Y., G. Glazko, and M. Nei (2002) Overcredibility of molecular phylogenies obtained by Bayesian phylogenetics. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99:16138-16143.


 

Nei, M. (2002) Book review. Where do we come from? The molecular evidence for human descent by Jan Klein and Naoyuki Takahata. Springer-Verlag, New York, 2002. Nature 417:899-900.


 

Nei, M. (2002) Response to the neutral theory - comment. Molecular evolution and the neutral theory. (J. Beatty, ed.).  Click HERE to view the web site


2001  (back to top)

 

Kumar, S., K. Tamura, I. B. Jakobsen, and M. Nei (2001) MEGA2: Molecular evolutionary genetics analysis software, Ver. 2.1, Bioinformatics 17:1244-1245.


 

Nei, M., P. Xu, and G. Glazko (2001) Estimation of divergence times from multiprotein sequences for a few mammalian species and several distantly related organisms. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98:2497-2502.


 

Su, C. and M. Nei (2001) Evolutionary dynamics of the T-cell receptore VB gene family as inferred from the human and mouse genomic sequences. Mol. Biol. Evol. 18:503-513.


 

Suzuki, Y., T. Gojobori, and M. Nei (2001) ADAPTSITE: detecting natural selection at single amino acid sites. Bioinformatics 17:660-661.


 

Suzuki, Y. and M. Nei (2001) Reliabilities of parsimony-based and likelihood-based methods for detecting positive selection at single amino acid sites. Mol. Biol. Evol. 18:2179-2185.


 

Nei, M. (2001) Genetic Distance. In: Encyclopedia of Genetics, Academic Press, London. Vol. 2, 828-832.


2000  (back to top)

 

Nei, M., I. B. Rogozin, and H. Piontkivska (2000) Purifying selection and birth-and-death evolution in the ubiquitin gene family. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 97:10866-10871.


 

Ota, T., T. Sitnikova, and M. Nei (2000) Evolution of vertebrate immunologlobulin variable gene segments. Curr. Top. Microbiol. Immunol. 248:221-245.


 

Rooney, A. P., J. Zhang, and M. Nei (2000) An unusual form of purifying selection in a sperm protein. Mol. Biol. Evol. 17:278-283.


 

Takahashi, K. and M. Nei (2000) Efficiencies of fast algorithms of phylogenetic inference under the criteria of maximum parsimony, minimum evolution, and maximum likelihood when a large number of sequences are used. Mol. Biol. Evol.17:1251-1258.


 

Takahashi, K., A. P. Rooney, and M. Nei (2000) Origins and divergence times of mammalian class II MHC gene clusters. J. Hered. 91:198-204.


 

Zhang, J. and M. Nei (2000) Positive selection in the evolution of mammalian interleukin-2 genes. Mol. Biol. Evol. 17:1413-1416.


1999  (back to top)

 

Gu, X. and M. Nei (1999) Locus specificity of polymorphic alleles and evolution by a birth-and-death process in mammalian MHC genes. Mol. Biol. Evol. 16:147-156.


 

Su, C., I. Jakobsen, X. Gu, and M. Nei (1999) Diversity and evolution of T-cell receptor variable region genes in mammals and birds. Immunogenetics 50:301-308.


 

Su, C. and M. Nei (1999) Fifty-million-year old polymorphism at an immunoglobulin variable region gene locus in the rabbit evolutionary lineage. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96:9710-9715.


1998  (back to top)

 

Nei, M. (1998) Genetic studies on the origin of modern humans.  In: The origins and past of modern humans - towards reconciliation (K. Omoto and P. V. Tobias, eds.). World Scientific, Singapore and London, pp. 27-41.


 

Nei, M., S. Kumar, and K. Takahashi (1998) The optimization principle in phylogenetic analysis tends to give incorrect topologies when the number of nucleotides or amino acids used is small. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95:12390-12397.


 

Nei, M. and J. Zhang (1998) Molecular origin of species. Science 282:1428-1429.


 

Sitnikova, T. and M. Nei (1998) Evolution of immunoglobulin kappa chain variable region genes in vertebrates. Mol. Biol. Evol. 15:50-60.


 

Zhang, J., H. F. Rosenberg, and M. Nei (1998) Positive Darwinian selection after gene duplication in primate ribonuclease genes. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95:3708-3713.


1997  (back to top)

 

Nei, M. (1997) Molecular Phylogeny and genetic diversity analysis. In: Diversity and adaptation in oak species proceedings (K. C. Steiner, ed.), Pennsylvania State University, College of Agricultural Sciences, University Park, PA, pp. 78-80.


 

Nei, M., X. Gu, and T. Sitnikova (1997) Evolution by the birth-and-death process in multigene families of the vertebrate immune system. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94:7799-7806.


 

Nei, M., J. Zhang, and S. Yokoyama (1997) Color vision of ancestral organisms of higher primates. Mol. Biol. Evol. 14:611-618.


 

Roychoudhury, A. K. and M. Nei (1997) The emergence and dispersal of mongoloids. J. Indian Anthrop. Soc. 32:1-49.


 

Zhang, J. and M. Nei (1997) Accuracies of ancestral amino acid sequences inferred by parsimony, likelihood, and distance methods. J. Mol. Evol. 44 (Suppl. 1): S139-S146.


 

Zhang, J., S. Kumar, and M. Nei (1997) Small-sample tests of episodic adaptive evolution: a case study of primate lysozymes. Mol. Biol. Evol. 14:1335-1338.


1996  (back to top)

 

Nei, M. (1996) Phylogenetic analysis in molecular evolutionary genetics. Annu. Rev. Genet. 30:371-403.


 

Nei, M. and N. Takezaki (1996) The root of the phylogenetic tree of human populations. Mol. Biol. Evol. 13:170-177.


 

PDF

Nei, M. and N. Takezaki (1996) Reconstruction of phylogenetic trees from microsatellite (STR) loci. Anim. Genet. 27(Suppl. 2):1-3.


 

Russo, C. A. M., N. Takezaki, and M. Nei (1996) Efficiencies of different genes and different tree-building methods in recovering a known vertebrate phylogeny. Mol. Evol. Biol. 13:525-536.


 

Takezaki, N. and M. Nei (1996) Genetic distances and reconstruction of phylogenetic trees from microsatellite DNA. Genetics 144:389-399.


 

Zhang, J. and M. Nei (1996) Evolution of Antennapedia-class homeobox genes. Genetics 142:295-303.


 

Crow, J., M. A. Berger, S. S. Diamond, D. H. Kay, H. H. Kazazian, A. G. Motulsky, T. A. Nagylaki, M. Nei, G. F. Sensabaugh, D. O. Siegmund, S. M. Stigler (1996) Committee Report on DNA Forensic Science: An Update (1996) The Evaluation of Forensic DNA Evidence, National Research Council, Washington, DC. Click HERE to read.


1995  (back to top)

 

Edwards, A. W. F., M. Nei, N. Takezaki, and T. Sitnikova (1995) Assessing molecular phylogeny. Science 267:253-256.


 

Nei, M. (1995) The origins of human populations: genetic, linguistic, and archeological data. In: The Origin and Past of Modern Humans as Viewed from DNA (S. Brenner and K. Hanihara, eds.), World Scientific, London, pp. 71-91.


 

Nei, M. (1995) Genetic support for the out-of-Africa theory of human evolution. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 92:6720-6722.


 

Ota, T. and M. Nei (1995) Evolution of immunoglobulin VH pseudogenes in chickens. Mol. Biol. Evol. 12:94-102.


 

Russo, C. A. M., N. Takezaki, and M. Nei (1995) Molecular phylogeny and divergence times of Drosophilid species. Mol. Biol. Evol. 12:391-404.


 

Rzhetsky, A. and M. Nei (1995) Tests of applicability of several substitution models for DNA sequence data. Mol. Biol. Evol. 12:131-151.


 

Rzhetsky, A., S. Kumar, and M. Nei (1995) Four-cluster analysis: a simple method to test phylogenetic hypotheses. Mol. Biol. Evol. 12:163-167.


 

Sitnikova, T., A. Rzhetsky, and M. Nei (1995) Interior-branch and bootstrap tests of phylogenetic trees. Mol. Biol. Evol. 12:319-333.


 

Takezaki, N., A. Rzhetsky, and M. Nei (1995) Phylogenetic test of molecular clock and linearized trees. Mol. Evol. Biol. 12:823-833.


 

Yang, Z., S. Kumar, and M. Nei (1995) A new method of inference of ancestral nucleotide and amino acid sequences. Genetics 141:1641-1650.


 

Nei, M. (1995) Book review "Human evolution".  The History and Geography of Human Genes (L. L. Cavalli-Sforza, P. Menozzi and A. Piazza).  Trends Genet. 11:292-293.


 

Nei, M. (1995) Obituary: Motoo Kimura (1924-1994). Mol. Biol. Evol.12(5):719-711.


 

Nei, M. (1995) Genetic support for the out-of-Africa theory of human evolution. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 92:6720-6722.


1994  (back to top)

 

Hughes, A. L., M. K. Hughes, C. Y. Howell, and M. Nei (1994) Natural selection at the class II major histocompatibility complex loci of mammals. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. 346:359-367.


 

Kumar, S., K. Tamura, and M. Nei (1994) MEGA: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis software for microcomputers. CABIOS (Bioinformatics) 10:189-191.


 

Nei, M. and N. Takezaki (1994) Estimation of genetic distances and phylogenetic trees from DNA analysis. In: Proceedings of the 5th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production (c. Smith et al., eds.), University of Guelph, Canada, 21:405-412.


 

Ota, T. and M. Nei (1994) Divergent evolution and evolution by the birth-and-death process in the immunoglobulin VH gene family. Mol. Biol. Evol. 11:469-482.


 

Ota, T. and M. Nei (1994) Variance and covariances of the numbers of synonymous and nonsynonymous substitutions per site. Mol. Biol. Evol. 11:613-619.


 

 Ota, T. and M. Nei (1994) Estimation of the number of amino acid substitutions per site when the substitution rate varies among sites. J. Mol. Evol. 38:642-643.


 

Rzhetsky, A. and M. Nei (1994) METREE: A program package for inferring and testing minimum-evolution trees. CABIOS (Bioinformatics) 10:409-412.


 

Rzhetsky, A. and M. Nei (1994) Unbiased estimates of the number of nucleotide substitutions when substitution rate varies among different sites. J. Mol. Evol. 38:295-299.


 

Takezaki, N. and Nei, M. (1994) Inconsistency of the maximum parsimony method when the rate of nucleotide substitution is constant. J. Mol. Evol. 39:210-218.


 

Tateno, Y., N. Takezaki, and M. Nei (1994) Relative efficiencies of the maximum-likelihood, neighbor-joining, and maximum-parsimony methods when substitution rate varies with site. Mol. Biol. Evol. 11:261-277.


1993  (back to top)

 

Hughes, A. L. and M. Nei (1993) Evolutionary relationships of the classes of major histocompatibility complex genes. Immunogenetics 37:337-346.


 

Nei, M. and A. K. Roychoudhury (1993) Evolutionary relationships of human populations on a global scale. Mol. Biol. Evol. 10:927-943.


 

Nei, M. and N. Takahata (1993) Effective population size, genetic diversity, and coalescence time in subdivided populations. J. Mol. Evol. 37:240-244.


 

Nei, M., G. Livshits, and T. Ota (1993) Genetic variation and evolution of human populations. In: Genetics of cellular, individual, family, and population variability (C. F. Sing and C. L. Hanis, eds.), Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 239-252.


 

Rzhetsky, A. and M. Nei (1993) Theoretical foundation of the minimum-evolution method of phylogenetic inference. Mol. Biol. Evol. 10:1073-1095.


 

Tamura, K. and M. Nei (1993) Estimation of the number of nucleotide substitutions in the control region of mitochondrial DNA in humans and chimpanzees. Mol. Biol. Evol. 10:512-526.


   

Kumar, S., K. Tamura, and M. Nei (1993) MEGA: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis. Ver. 1.02, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA.


 

Barker, J. S. F., D. G. Bradley, R. Fries, W. G. Hill, M. Nei, and R. K. Wayne (1993)  An integrated global programme to establish the genetic relationship among the breeds of each domestic animal species.  Report of a Working Group for FAO, United Nations, Rome, Italy.


 

Nei, M. and T. Whittam (1993) "Forward: Papers from the International Conference on Molecular Evolution held at University Park, Pennsylvania, June 11-13, 1992," Mol. Biol. Evol. 10(1):1 (Jan. 1993).


1992  (back to top)

 

Hughes, A. L. and M. Nei (1992) Maintenance of MHC polymorphism. Nature 355:402-403.


 

Hughes, A. L. and M. Nei (1992) Models of host-parasite interaction and MHC polymorphism. Genetics 132:863-864.


 

Nei, M. (1992) Age of the common ancestor of human mitochondrial DNA. Mol. Biol. Evol. 9:1176-1178.


 

Nei, M. and A. L. Hughes (1992) Balanced polymorphism and evolution by the birth-and-death process in the MHC loci. In: Proceedings of the 11th Histocompatibility Workshop and Conference (K. Tsuji, M. Aizawa, and T. Sasazuki, eds.), Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 27-38.


 

Rzhetsky, A. and M. Nei (1992) A simple method for estimating and testing minimum-evolution trees. Mol. Biol. Evol. 9:945-967.


 

Rzhetsky, A. and M. Nei (1992) Statistical properties of the ordinary least-squares, generalized least-squares, and minimum-evolution methods of phylogenetic inference. J. Mol. Evol. 35:367-375.


1991  (back to top)

 

Jin, L. and M. Nei (1991) Relative efficiencies of the maximum-parsimony and distance-matrix methods of phylogeny construction for restriction data. Mol. Biol. Evol. 8:356-365.


 

Nei, M. (1991) Relative efficiencies of different tree-making methods for molecular data. In: Phylogenetic Analysis of DNA Sequences (M. M. Miyamoto and J. L. Cracraft, eds.), Oxford University Press, NY, pp. 90-128.


 

Nei, M. and A. L. Hughes (1991) Polymorphism and evolution of the major histocompatibility complex loci in mammals. In: Evolution at the Molecular Level (R. Selander, A. Clark, and T. Whittam, eds.), Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA, pp. 222-247.


 

Nei, M. and A. L. Hughes (1991) Polymorphism due to balancing selection at the major histocompatibility complex loci. In: The Unity of Evolutionary Biology: Proc. IV Intl. Cong. System. Evol. Biol., (E. Dudley, ed.), Dioscorides Press, Portland, Oregon, Vol. 2, pp. 878-889.


 

Nei, M. and T. Ota (1991) Evolutionary relationships of human populations at the molecular level. In: Evolution of Life (S. Osawa and T. Honjo, eds.). Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, pp. 415-428.


 

Nei, M. and A. Y. Rzhetsky (1991) Reconstruction of phylogenetic trees and evolution of major histocompatibility complex genes. In: Evolution of MHC genes, (J. Klein and D. Klein, eds.), Springer Verlag, Heidelberg, pp. 13-27.


 

Whittam, T. and M. Nei (1991) Neutral mutation hypothesis test. Nature 354:115-116.


1990  (back to top)

 

Hughes, A. L. and Nei, M. (1990) Evolutionary relationships of class II major-histocompatibility-complex genes in mammals. Mol. Biol. Evol. 7:491-514.


 

Hughes, A. L., T. Ota, and M. Nei (1990) Positive Darwinian selection promotes charge profile diversity in the antigen-binding cleft of class I major-histocompatibility-complex molecules. Mol. Biol. Evol. 7:515-524.


 

Jin, L. and M. Nei (1990) Limitations of the evolutionary parsimony method of phylogenetic analysis. Mol. Biol. Evol. 7:82-102.


 

Livshits, G. and M. Nei (1990) Relationships between intrapopulational and interpopulational genetic diversity in man. Ann. Hum. Biol. 17:501-513.


 

 

Nei, M. (1990) The origin of human populations. Kagaku (Science) 60:69-78 (In Japanese)


 

Nei, M. (1990) DNA Polymorphism and Adaptive Evolution. In: Plant Population Genetics, Breeding and Genetic Resources, eds. A. H. D. Brown, M. T. Clegg, A. Kahler, and B. W. Weir. Sinauer Assoc., Sunderland, MA, pp. 128-142.


 

Nei, M. and G. Livshits (1990) Evolutionary relationships of Europeans, Asians, and Africans at the molecular level. In: Population Biology of Genes and Molecules (N. Takahata and J. F. Crow, eds.), Baifukan, Tokyo, pp. 251-265.


 

Nei, M. and J. C. Miller (1990) A simple method for estimating average number of nucleotide substitutions within and between populations from restriction data. Genetics 125:873-879.


 

Takahata, N. and M. Nei (1990) Allelic genealogy under overdominant and frequency-dependent selection and polymorphism of major histocompatibility complex loci. Genetics 124:967-978.


 

 

Nei, M. (1990) Heterozygosity and Genetic Distance. Comments on "Estimation of average heterozygosity and genetic distance from a small number of individuals. Genetics 89:583‑590, 1978." "Citation Classic" in Current Contents 21:2 (Jan. 8, 1990).

1989 (back to top)

 

Hughes, A. L. and M. Nei (1989) Nucleotide substitution at major histocompatibility complex class II loci: evidence for overdominant selection. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 86:958-962.


 

Hughes, A. L. and M. Nei (1989) Evolution of the major histocompatibility complex: independent origin of nonclassical class I genes in different groups of mammals. Mol. Biol. Evol. 6:559-579.


 

Hughes, A. L. and M. Nei (1989) Ancient interlocus exon exchange in the history of the HLA-A locus. Genetics 122:681-686.


 

Nei, M. and L. Jin (1989) Variances of the average numbers of nucleotide substitutions within and between populations. Mol. Biol. Evol. 6:290-300.


 

Nei, M. and G. Livshits (1989) Genetic relationships of Europeans, Asians, and Africans and the origin of modern Homo sapiens. Hum. Hered. 39:276-281.


 

Tanaka, T. and M. Nei (1989) Positive Darwinian selection observed at the variable region genes of immunoglobulins Mol. Biol. Evol. 6:447-459.


 

 

Nei, M. (1989) Bottlenecks, polymorphism, and speciation. Comments on "The bottleneck effect and genetic variability in populations. Evolution 29:1‑10, 1975." "Citation Classic" in Current Contents 20:1 (Jan. 2, 1989).


1988 (back to top)

 

Hughes, A. L. and M. Nei (1988) Pattern of nucleotide substitution at major histocompatibility complex class I loci reveals overdominant selection. Nature 335:167-170.


 

Nei, M. (1988) Relative roles of mutation and selection in the maintenance of genetic variability. Phills. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. Biol. Sci. 319:615-629.


 

Pamilo, P. and M. Nei (1988) Relationships between gene trees and species trees. Mol. Biol. Evol. 5:568-583.


 

Sourdis, J. and M. Nei (1988) Relative efficiencies of the maximum parsimony and distance-matrix methods in obtaining the correct phylogenetic tree. Mol. Biol. Evol. 5:298-311.


 

 

Nei, M. (1988) Book review. The Evolution of DNA Sequences (B. C. Clarke, A. Robertson, and A. J. Jeffreys, eds.), Evolution 42(6):1359‑1360.


 

 

Nei, M. (1988) Book reviews.  Population Genetics by F. B. Christiansen and M. W. Feldman, Blackwell Scientific, Oxford, 1986, and Basic Concepts in Population, Quantitative, and Evolutionary Genetics by James F. Crow, W. H. Freeman, New York, 1986. Bull. Math. Biol. 50:200‑201.


1987  (back to top)

 

Nei, M. (1987) Genetic distance molecular phylogeny. In: Population Genetics and Fishery Management (N. Ryman and F. Utter, eds.), University of Washington Press, Seattle, WA, pp. 193-223.


 

Nei, M. and F. Tajima (1987) Problems arising in phylogenetic inference from restriction-site data. Mol. Biol. Evol. 4:320-323.


 

Pamilo, P., M. Nei, and W.-H. Li (1987) Accumulation of mutations in sexual an asexual populations. Genet. Res. 49:135-146.


 

Saitou, N. and M. Nei (1987) The neighbor-joining method: a new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees. Mol. Biol. Evol. 4:406-425.


 

 

Nei, M. (1987) Human Genetics. 1987 Yearbook of Science and Technology, pp. 239‑240, McGraw‑Hill.


1986  (back to top)

 

Gojobori, T. and M. Nei (1986) Relative contributions of germline gene variation and somatic mutation to immunoglobulin diversity in the mouse. Mol. Biol. Evol. 3:156-167.


 

Varvio, S.-L., R. Chakraborty, and M. Nei (1986) Genetic variation in subdivided populations and conservation genetics. Heredity 57:189-198.


 

Nei, M. (1986) Definition and estimation of fixation indices. Evolution 40:643-645.


 

Nei, M. (1986) Stochastic errors in DNA evolution and molecular phylogeny. In: Evolutionary Perspectives and the New Genetics (H. Gershowitz, ed.), Alan R. Liss, New York, pp. 133-147.


 

Nei, M. and T. Gojobori (1986) Simple methods for estimating the numbers of synonymous and nonsynonymous nucleotide substitutions. Mol. Biol. Evol. 3:418-426.


 

Nei, M. and N. Saitou (1986) Genetic relationship of human populations and ethnic differences in reaction to drugs and food. In: Ethnic Differences in Reactions to Drugs and Other Xenobiotics (W. Kalow, ed.), Alan R. Liss, New York, pp. 21-37.


 

Saitou, N. and M. Nei (1986) Polymorphism and evolution of influenza A virus genes. Mol. Biol. Evol. 3:57-74.


 

Saitou, N. and M. Nei (1986) The number of nucleotides required to determine the branching order of three species, with special reference to the human-chimpanzee-gorilla divergence. J. Mol. Evol. 24:189-204.


1985  (back to top)

 

Nei, M. (1985) Human evolution at the molecular level. In: Population Genetics and Molecular Evolution (T. Ohta and K. Aoki, eds.), Japan Sci. Soc. Press, Tokyo, pp. 41-64.


 

Nei, M., J. C. Stephens, and N. Saitou (1985) Methods for computing the standard errors of branching points in an evolutionary tree and their application to molecular data from humans and apes. Mol. Biol. Evol. 2:66-85.


 

Nei, M. and F. Tajima (1985) Evolutionary change of restriction cleavage sties and phylogenetic inference for man and apes. Mol. Biol. Evol. 2:189-205.


 

Roychoudhury, A. L. and M. Nei (1985) Genetic relationships between Indians and their neighboring populations. Hum. Hered. 35:201-206.


 

Stephens, J. C. and M. Nei (1985) Phylogenetic analysis of polymorphic DNA sequences at the Adh locus in Drosophila melanogaster and its sibling species. J. Mol. Evol. 22:289-300.


 

Takahata, N. and M. Nei (1985) Gene genealogy and variance of interpopulational nucleotide differences. Genetics 110:325-344.


1984  (back to top)

 

Gojobori, T. and M. Nei (1984) Concerted evolution of the immunoglobulin VH gene family. Mol. Biol. Evol. 1:195-212.


 

Nei, M. (1984) On the positive identification of paternity. Hum. Hered. 34:258-260.


 

Nei, M. and D. Graur (1984) Extent of protein polymorphism and the neutral mutation theory. Evol. Biol. 17:73-118.


 

Nei, M., F. Tajima, and T. Gojobori (1984) Classification and measurement of DNA polymorphism. In: Human Population Genetics (A. Chakravarti, ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., New York, pp. 307-330.


 

Tajima, F. and M. Nei (1984) Estimation of evolutionary distance between nucleotide sequences. Mol. Biol. Evol. 1:269-285.


 

Tajima, F. and M. Nei (1984) Note on genetic drift and estimation of effective population size. Genetics 106:569-574.


 

Takahata, N. and M. Nei (1984) FST and GST statistics in the finite island model. Genetics 107:-501-504.


 

Nei, M. (1983) Genetic polymorphism and neomutationism. In: Evolutionary Dynamics of Genetic Diversity (G. S. Mani, ed.), Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, pp. 214-241.


1983  (back to top)


 

Nei, M. (1983) Genetic polymorphism and the role of mutation in evolution (P. K. Koehn and M. Nei, eds.) Evolution of Genes and Proteins. Sinauer Assoc., Sunderland, MA, pp. 165-190.


 

Nei, M. and R. K. Chesser (1983) Estimation of fixation indices and gene diversities. Ann. Hum. Genet. 47:253-259.


 

Nei, M., T. Maruyama, and C.-I. Wu (1983) Models of evolution of reproductive isolation. Genetics 103:557-579.


 

Nei, M. and F. Tajima (1983) Maximum likelihood estimation of the number of nucleotide substitutions from restriction sites data. Genetics 105:207-217.


 

Nei, M., F. Tajima, & Y. Tateno (1983) Accuracy of estimated phylogenetic trees from molecular data. II. Gene frequency data. J. Mol. Evol. 19:153-170.


 

Majumder, P. P. and M. Nei (1983) A note on positive identification of paternity by using genetic markers. Hum. Hered. 33:29-35.


 

Ryman, N., R. Chakraborty, and M. Nei (1983) Differences in the relative distribution of human gene diversity between electrophoretic and red and white cell antigen loci. Hum. Hered. 33:93-102.


1982  (back to top)

 

Chakraborty, R. and M. Nei (1982) Genetic differentiation of quantitative characters between populations or species. I. Mutation and random genetic drift. Genet. Res. 39:303-314.


 

Chakravarti, A. and M. Nei (1982) Utility and efficiency of linked marker genes for genetic counseling II. Identification of linkage phase by offspring phenotypes. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 34:531-551.


 

Gojobori, T., K. Ishii, and M. Nei (1982) Estimation of average number of nucleotide substitutions when the rate of substitution varies with nucleotide. J. Mol. Evol. 18:414-423.

 

Nei, M. (1982) Genetic polymorphism and evolution of human races. In: Human Genetics and Adaptation, Vol. 1, Proc. Indian Stat. Inst. Golden Jubilee Intl. Conf., Calcutta, India (K. C. Malhotra and A. Basu, eds.), pp. 35-51.


 

Nei, M. (1982) Evolution of human races at the gene level. In: Human Genetics, Part A: The Unfolding Genome (B. Bonne-Tamir, ed.), Alan R. Liss, New York, pp. 167-181.


 

Nei, M. and A. K. Roychoudhury (1982) Genetic relationship and evolution of human races. Evol. Biol. 14:1-59.


 

Tajima, F. and M. Nei (1982) Biases of the estimates of DNA divergence obtained by the restriction enzyme technique. J. Mol. Evol. 18:115-120.


 

Tateno, Y., M. Nei, and F. Tajima (1982) Accuracy of estimated phylogenetic trees from molecular data. I. Distantly related species. J. Mol. Evol. 18:387-404.


 

Nei, M. (1982) Book review. Population Genetics by J. S. Gale, Halstead Press, New York, 1980, Biotest Bulletin 1(2):154, July, 1982.


 

Nei, M. (1982) Book review. Biochemical Systematics and Evolution by A. Ferguson, Halstead Press, New York, 1980. Biotest Bulletin 1(2):153.


1981  (back to top)

 

Gojobori, T. and M. Nei (1981) Inter-RNA homology and possible roles of small RNAs. J. Mol. Evol. 17:245-250.


 

Li, W. H., T. Gojobori, and M. Nei (1981) Pseudogenes as a paradigm of neutral evolution. Nature 292:237-239.


 

Maruyama, T. and M. Nei (1981) Genetic variability maintained by mutation and overdominant selection in finite populations. Genetics 98:441-459.


 

Nei, M. (1981) Genetic distance and molecular taxonomy. In: Problems in General Genetics. Vol. II, book 1, Proc. XIV Intl. Cong. Genet., Moscow, USSR, Aug. 1978, (Y. P. Altukhov, ed.) MIR Publishers, Moscow, pp. 7-22.


 

Nei, M. (1981) Gene differences between human races. Am. Nat. 117:88-89.


 

Nei, M., W. H. Li, F. Tajima, and P. Narain (1981) Polymorphism and evolution of the Rh blood groups. Jpn. J. Hum. Genet. 26:263-278.


 

Nei, M. and F. Tajima (1981) DNA polymorphism detectable by restriction endonucleases. Genetics 97:145-163.


 

Nei, M. and F. Tajima (1981) Genetic drift and estimation of effective population size. Genetics 98:625-640.


 

Nei, M. and Y. Tateno (1981) Statistical properties of the Jukes-Holmquist method of estimating the number of nucleotide substitutions: reply to Holmquist and Conroy's criticism. J. Mol. Evol. 17:182-187.


 

Nei, M., R. Chakraborty and P. A. Fuerst (1981) A Reply, Statistical studies of protein polymorphism. Genetics 97:499‑501.


 

Nei, M. and S. Yokoyama (1981) Estimation of fitness reduction due to a chronic disease in man. Ann. Hum. Genet. 45:261-265.


 

 

Nei, M. (1981) Book review. Evolution and Variation of Multigene Families, by Tomoko Ohta, Springer‑Verlag, Berlin and New York, 1980. Quart. Rev. Biol. 56(3):334, 1981.


1980  (back to top)

 

Chakraborty, R., P. A. Fuerst, and M. Nei (1980) Statistical studies on protein polymorphism in natural populations. III. Distribution of allele frequencies and the number of alleles per locus. Genetics 94:1039-1063.


 

Nei, M. (1980) Protein polymorphism and the SAS-CFF model. Genetics. 94(4): 1085-1087.


 

Nei, M. (1980) Stochastic theory of population genetics and evolution. In: Vito Volterra Symposium of Mathematical Models in Biology (C. Barigozzi, ed.), Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 17-47.


 

Nei, M. and W. H. Li (1980) Non-random association between electromorphs and inversion chromosomes in finite populations. Genet. Res. 35:65-83.


1979  (back to top)


 

Nei, M. (1979) Proportion of informative families for genetic counseling with linked marker genes. Jpn. J. Hum. Genet. 24:131-142.


 

Nei, M. and W. H. Li (1979) Mathematical model for studying genetic variation in terms of restriction endonucleases. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 76:5269-5273.


 

Nei, M. (1979) Genetic distance between populations, Amer. Naturalist 196:283‑292, 1972. "Citation Classic" in Current Contents 10:10.

 

Nei, M. and Y. Tateno (1979) Augmentation algorithm: a reply to Holmquist. J. Mol. Evol. 13:167-171.

 

Yokoyama, S. and M. Nei (1979) Population dynamics of sex-determining alleles in honey bees and self-incompatibility alleles in plants. Genetics 91:609-626.


1978  (back to top)

 

Chakraborty, R., P. A. Fuerst, and M. Nei (1978) Statistical studies on protein polymorphism in natural populations. II. Gene differentiation between populations. Genetics 88:367-390.


 

Nei, M. (1978) The theory of genetic distance and evolution of human races. Jpn. J. Hum. Genet. 23:341-369.


 

Nei, M. (1978) Estimation of average heterozygosity and genetic distance from a small number of individuals. Genetics 89:583-590.


 

Nei, M., P. A. Fuerst, and R. Chakraborty (1978) Subunit molecular weight and genetic variability of proteins in natural populations. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 75:3359-3362.


 

Nei, M. and Y. Tateno (1978) Nonrandom amino acid substitution and estimation of the number of nucleotide substitutions in evolution. J. Mol. Evol. 11:333-347.


 

Tateno, Y. and M. Nei (1978) Goodman et al.'s method for augmenting the number of nucleotide substitutions. J. Mol. Evol. 11:67-73.


 

 

Nei, M. (1978) Book review. Genetic Evolution by Chen Kang Chai, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1976. Quart. Rev. Biol. 53(3):310‑311.


1977  (back to top)

 

Chakraborty, R. and M. Nei (1977) Bottleneck effects on average heterozygosity and genetic distance with the stepwise mutation model. Evolution 31:347-356.


 

Li, W.-H. and M. Nei (1977) Persistence of common alleles in two related populations or species. Genetics 86:901-914.


 

Nei, M. (1977) F-statistics and analysis of gene diversity in subdivided populations. Ann. Hum. Genet. 41:225-233.


 

Fuerst, P. A., R. Chakraborty, and M. Nei (1977) Statistical studies on protein polymorphism in natural populations. I. Distribution of single locus heterozygosity. Genetics 86:455-483.


 

Nei, M. and A. Chakravarti (1977) Drift variances of FST and GST statistics obtained from a finite number of isolated populations. Theor. Pop. Biol. 11:307-325.


 

Nei, M. (1977) Utility and efficiency of linked marker genes for genetic counseling. Bul. Int. Stat. Inst. 47(1):698-711.


 

Nei, M., A. Chakravarti, and Y. Tateno (1977) Mean and variance of FST in a finite number of incompletely isolated populations. Theor. Pop. Biol. 11:291-306.


 

Nei, M. (1977) Standard error of immunological dating of evolutionary time. J. Mol. Evol. 9:203-211.


 

Nei, M. (1977) Estimation of mutation rate from rare protein variants. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 29:225-232.


1976  (back to top)

 

Nei, M. (1976) The cost of natural selection and the extent of enzyme polymorphism. Trends Biochem. Sci. 1(11):247-248.


 

Nei, M. and W. H. Li (1976) The transient distribution of allele frequencies under mutation pressure. Genet. Res. 28:205-214.


 

Nei, M. and S. Yokoyama (1976) Effects of random fluctuation of selection intensity on genetic variability in a finite population. Jpn. J. Genet. 51:355-369.


 

Nei, M. and R. Chakraborty (1976) Electrophoretically silent alleles in a finite population. J. Mol. Evol. 8:381-385.


 

Chakraborty, R. and M. Nei (1976) Hidden genetic variability within electromorphs in finite populations. Genetics 84:385-393.


 

Nei, M., R. Chakraborty, and P. A. Fuerst (1976) Infinite allele model with varying mutation rate. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 73:4164-4168.


 

Nei, M., P. A. Fuerst, and R. Chakraborty (1976) Testing the neutral mutation hypothesis by distribution of single locus heterozygosity. Nature 262:491-493.


 

Nei, M. and R. Chakraborty (1976) Empirical relationship between the number of nucleotide substitutions and interspecific identity of amino acid sequences in some proteins. J. Mol. Evol. 7:313-323.


 

Nei, M. (1976) Mathematical models of speciation and genetic distance. In: Population Genetics and Ecology (S. Karlin and E. Nevo, eds.), Academic Press, New York, pp. 723-765.


 

 

Nei, M. (1976) Comments on stochastic selection and the maintenance of genetic variation by D. L. Hartl and R. D. Cook. In: Population Genetics and Ecology (S. Karlin and E. Nevo, eds.), Academic Press, New York, pp. 612‑613.


 

 

Nei, M. (1976) Comments on the intensity of selection for electrophoretic variants in natural populations of Drosophila by B. D. H. Latter. In: Population Genetics and Ecology (S. Karlin and E. Nevo, eds.), Academic Press, New York, p. 409.


1975  (back to top)

 

Nei, M. and W. H. Li (1975) Probability of identical monomorphism in related species. Genet. Res. 26:31-43.


 

Li, W. H. and M. Nei (1975) Drift variances of heterozygosity and genetic distance in transient states. Genet. Res. 25:229-248.


 

Nei, M. and Y. Tateno (1975) Interlocus variation of genetic distance and the neutral mutation theory. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 72:2758-2760.


 

Nei, M. and T. Maruyama (1975) Lewontin-Krakauer test for neutral genes. Genetics 80:395.


 

Nei, M., T. Maruyama, and R. Chakraborty (1975) The bottleneck effect and genetic variability in populations. Evolution 29:1-10.


 

 

Nei, M. (1975) Book review. The Genetic Structure of Populations by A. Jacquard, translated by D. and B. Charlesworth. Springer‑Verlag, New York, 1974. Am. J. Human Genet. 27(4):569‑570.


1974  (back to top)

 

Nei, M. (1974) A new measure of genetic distance. In: Genetic Distance (J. F. Crow and C. Denniston, eds.), Plenum Press, New York, pp. 63-76.


 

Li, W. H. and M. Nei (1974) Stable linkage disequilibrium without epistasis in subdivided populations. Theor. Pop. Biol. 6:173-183.


 

Nei, M. and A. K. Roychoudhury (1974) Genic variation within and between the three major races of man, Caucasoids, Negroids, and Mongoloids. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 26:421-443.


 

Chakraborty, R. and M. Nei (1974) Dynamics of gene differentiation between incompletely isolated populations of unequal sizes. Theor. Pop. Biol. 5:460-469.


 

Nei, M. and A. K. Roychoudhury (1974) Sampling variances of heterozygosity and genetic distance. Genetics 76:379-390.


1973  (back to top)

 

Nei, M. (1973) Analysis of gene diversity in subdivided populations. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 70:3321-3323.


 

Nei, M. and R. Chakraborty (1973) Genetic distance and electrophoretic identity of proteins between taxa. J. Mol. Evol. 2:323-328.


 

Nei, M. and W. H. Li (1973) Linkage disequilibrium in subdivided populations. Genetics 75:213-219.


 

Kidwell, M. G., J. F. Kidwell, and M. Nei (1973) A case of high rate of spontaneous mutation affecting viability in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 75:133-153.


 

Nei, M. and A. K. Roychoudhury (1973) Probability of fixation and mean fixation time of an overdominant mutation. Genetics 74:371-380.


 

Nei, M. and A. K. Roychoudhury (1973) Probability of fixation of nonfunctional genes at duplicate loci. Am. Nat. 107:362-372.


 

Nei, M. (1973) Ewens on the substitution load. Am. Nat. 107:459-462.


 

Nei, M. (1973) The theory and estimation of genetic distance. In: Genetic Structure of Populations (N.E. Morton, ed.), University Press of Hawaii, Honolulu, pp. 45-54.


 

 

Nei, M. (1973) Book review. The Genetics of Human Population by L. L. Cavalli‑Sforza and Walter F. Bodmer, W. H. Freeman & Co., San Francisco, 1971. BioScience, March Issue, p. 193.


1972  (back to top)

 

Nei, M. and M. W. Feldman (1972) Identity of genes by descent within and between populations under mutation and migration pressures. Theor. Pop. Biol. 3:460-465.


 

Li, W. H. and M. Nei (1972) Total number of individuals affected by a single deleterious mutation in a finite population. A. J. Hum. Genet. 24:667-679.


 

Nei, M. and A. K. Roychoudhury (1972) Gene differences between Caucasian, Negro, and Japanese populations. Science 177:434-436.


 

Nei, M. (1972) Genetic distance between populations. Am. Nat. 106:283-292.


1971  (back to top)

 

Nei, M. (1971) Total number of individuals affected by a single deleterious mutation in large populations. Theor. Pop. Biol. 2:426-430.


 

Nei, M. (1971) Extinction time of deleterious mutant genes in large populations. Theor. Pop. Biol. 2:419-425.


 

Nei, M. (1971) Identity of genes and genetic distance between populations. Genetics 68:S47.


 

Nei, M. (1971) Interspecific gene differences and evolutionary time estimated from electrophoretic data on protein identity. Am. Nat. 105:385-388.


 

Nei, M. (1971) Fertility excess necessary for gene substitution in regulated populations. Genetics 68:169-184.


1970  (back to top)

 

Nei, M. (1970) Effective size of human populations. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 22:694-696.


 

Nei, M. (1970) Accumulation of nonfunctional genes on sheltered chromosomes. Am. Nat. 104:311-322.


 

Imaizumi, Y., M. Nei, and T. Furusho (1970) Variability and heritability of human fertility. Ann. Hum. Genet. 33:251-259.


1969  (back to top)

 

Nei, M. (1969) Linkage modification and sex difference in recombination. Genetics 63:681-699.


 

Nei, M. (1969) Heterozygous effects and frequency changes of lethal genes in populations. Genetics 63:669-680.


 

Nei, M. (1969) Gene duplication and nucleotide substitution in evolution. Nature 221:40-42.


1968  (back to top)

 

Nei, M. (1968) Evolutionary adjustment of linkage intensity. In: Proc. 12th Intl. Cong. Genet., Tokyo, Japan, Vol. II, pp. 148-149.


 

Nei, M. (1968) Evolutionary change of linkage intensity. Nature 218:1160-1161.


 

Nei, M. (1968) The frequency distribution of lethal chromosomes in finite populations. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 60:517-524.


 

Nei, M. and Y. Imaizumi (1968) Efficiency of selection for increased or decreased recombination. Am. Nat. 102:90-93.


1967  (back to top)

 

Nei, M. (1967) Modification of linkage intensity by natural selection. Genetics 57:625-641.


 

Nei, M., K. I. Kojima, and H. E. Schaffer (1967) Frequency changes of new inversions in populations under mutation-selection equilibria. Genetics 57:741-750.


1966  (back to top)

 

Nei, M. and M. Murata (1966) Effective population size when fertility is inherited. Genet. Res. 8:257-260.


 

Nei, M. and Y. Imaizumi (1966) Effective population size with overlapping generations. Heredity 21:344.


 

Nei, M. and Y. Imaizumi (1966) Genetic structure of human populations. I. Local differentiation of blood group gene frequencies in Japan. Heredity 21:9-35.


 

Nei, M. and Imaizumi, Y. (1966) Genetic structure of human populations. II. Differentiation of blood group gene frequencies among isolated populations. Heredity 21:183-190.


 

Nei, M. and Y. Imaizumi (1966) Genetic structure of human populations. III. Differentiation of ABO blood group gene frequencies in small areas of Japan. Heredity 21:461-472.


 

Nei, M. and Y. Imaizumi (1966) Effects of restricted population size and increase in mutation rate on the genetic variation of quantitative characters. Genetics 54:763-782.


1965  (back to top)

 

Tobari, I. and M. Nei (1965) Genetic effects of X-rays on quantitative characters in a heterogeneous population of Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 52:1007-1015.


 

Nei, M. (1965) Variation and covariation of gene frequencies in subdivided populations. Evolution 19:256-258.


 

Nei, M. (1965) Effect of linkage on the genetic load manifested under inbreeding. Genetics 51:679-688.


1964  (back to top)

 

 

Nei, M. (1964) Effects of linkage and epistasis on the equilibrium frequencies of lethal genes. II. Numerical solutions. Jpn. J. Genet. 39:7-25.


 

 

Nei, M. (1964) Effects of linkage and epistasis on the equilibrium frequencies of lethal genes. I. Linkage equilibrium. Jpn. J. Genet. 39:1-6.


1963  (back to top)

 

 

Nei, M. and Y. Imaizumi (1963) Estimation of mutation rate in rare recessive traits. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 15:90-95.


 

Nei, M. (1963) Estimation of recessive gene frequencies from data on consanguineous marriages. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 15:86-89.


 

Nei. M. (1963) The efficiency of haploid method of plant breeding. Heredity 18:95-100.


 

Nei, M. (1963) Effect of selection on the components of genetic variance. In: Statistical Genetics and Plant Breeding (W. D. Hanson and H.F. Robinson, eds.), Natl. Acad. Sci., Res. Council, Washington, DC, pp. 501-515.


1960  (back to top)

 

 

Nei, M. (1960) Studies on the application of biometrical genetics to plant breeding. Mem. Coll. Agr., Kyoto University, Kyoto, Publ. No. 82:1-100.


1958  (back to top)

 

Nei, M. and K. Syakudo (1958) The estimation of outcrossing in natural populations. Jpn. J. Genet. 33:46-51.


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