By Nic Barger
The Rhinoceros is a large mammal in which is part of the Rhinocerotidea family. A once very
numberous number of rhinoceros has decreased into a few and only five species that are still
living today. These types include: The Asian One-Horned Rhino, The White Rhino, The Black
Rhino, The Javan Rhino, and the Sumatran Rhino. A few characteristics of Rhinos are that
they have very small eyes, one or two horns on the snout(depending on the type of Rhino)
and three toes on each foot. Although there are many differences in the different types
of Rhinos, there are some similarities. They all have a few characteristics in common which include
large heads, broad chests, thick legs, poor eyesight,excellent hearing, and a fondness
for rolling in the mud. All Rhinos are herbavores, eating either grass or leaves, depending
on the species.
Different types of Rhinos
These Rhinos like to feed on leaves, grass, fruit, branches, and shrubs. They like grasslands
and forests and live in India and Nepal. They are between 7-14 feet long, and 3.5-6.5 feet
up to their shoulders. They can weigh anywhere from 3300-4400 pounds. Asian One-Horned are
also known as the Rhinoceros Unicornis. They are also known for there ability to swim. There
are only 2548 Asian One-Horned Rhino's left.
White Rhino's have two horns and are one of the biggest species in the Rhinocerotidea
family. These Rhinos like to feed on long or short grass. They like to graze in flat terrain, savanna's
and woodlands with open grasslands. They live in Central Africa. They are 12-14 feet long and
5-6 at their shoulder height. They weigh anywhere from 5070-7936 pounds. They aren't
known for their swimming and are sometimes seen backing into water. There are two types of these
kinds of Rhino's. The Northern White and the Southern White.
There are less than 35 Northern White Rhino's left, and about 9125 Southern Rhino's left.
The Black Rhino has two horns, and is from the Eastern and Southern part of Africa. They
like to eat bushes, leaves, seedlings, and fruit. They like to graze in bushy plains, and
rugged hills. They are 10-12.5 feet long 4.5-6 feet tall at the shoulders, and weigh between
2195-3000 pounds. There are only 2707 of these types of Rhino's left.
The Javan is the least numerous Rhino that is still alive. They like to eat leaves, twigs,
and fallen fruit. They like to graze in dense lownland, and tropical rainforests. they live
on a Peninula of Western Java and in veitnam. There are less than 80 of these mammals still alive.
They are 11.5 feet long, and 5-6 feet tall to the shoulders. These Rhinos were thought to be
extinct until 1988.
Sumatran Rhinos are one of the smallest Rhinos in the family. They are only 8-9 feet long,
and 3-5 feet tall at the shoulders. They only weigh between 1300-1700 pounds. They like to
eat fruit, leaves, twigs, and bark. They prefer to live in tropical rainforests. They live in
Southeast Asia. There are less than 400 of these Rhinos left today, and they are considered in
the most danger of extinction because of there scattered.
~Some of the largest land mammals that ever lived are Rhinos that are currently extinct.
One of these in particular is the Baluchitherim. This mammal lived in Asia about 37 million
to 25 million years ago. They had a height of about 18 feet, and a length of about 23 feet.
~The Black and White Rhinos are misnamed in the fact that all Rhinos are basically the
same color, and their color also depends on the soil in which they graze.
~The Rhino is the second biggest land mammal next to the elephant, but is greatly outweighed
by the hippo.
~One of the reasons Rhinos are endangered are because of poachers. People Poach Rhinos
for their horns. There horns are made of compacted hair and keratin which can be used to make
~Rhinoceroses get their name from one of their most famous features, their horns. Rhino
comes from the greek meaning nose, and ceros horn.
~In some countries people dehorn Rhinos (dehorning is the process in which you remove the
horn from the Rhino) to keep the Rhino alive and well. This keeps off potential poachers of
killing the rhinos for the money they could get for the horns.
~Although large in size, a Black Rhino can run along at 40 miles per hour!
~Rhinos skin is fairly sensitive, especially to sunburn and insects that bite, this is
why they love to roll around in the mud so much.
~White Rhinos heads can weigh up to 2000 pounds.
~Black, Javan, and Sumatran Rhinos are at Critical Risk, while White and Asian are Endangered
~Some Rhinos have square lips and other have pointed lips. The White Rhino is Africa is
the one with the wide upper lip. This Rhino spends much of it's time grazing and it needs
this wide lip to help cut off sharp grass. The Black Rhino is a browser and has a
prehensile uppoer lip to help cut off and find the browse on trees and shrubs.
It has a much smaller head because it doesn't need all the muscle for lowering the head while
~Rhinos fight a lot, with other animals and each other, sometimes over territory, sometimes
~Eventhough Rhinos are very fierce creatures, black rhinos do have a “softer” side. The
females are very attentive mothers. They look after their young for years, protecting them from
enemies and teaching them how to survive independently.
~Humans are the biggest threat to Rhinos because there aren't many animals that can compare in
size to the rhino.
~Since Rhinos don't have good sight, anytime they hear or see something they charge it thinking
it is a threat. Many times they end up charging trees or bushes mistaking them for threats.