L Norris J. Lacy

Edwin Erle Sparks Professor
      of French and Medieval Studies
The Pennsylvania State University

This page offers some links to useful Arthurian and medieval sites and a brief listing of Arthurian and medieval reference and bibliographical resources.


International Arthurian Society

The International Arthurian Society, founded in 1949, is a scholarly organization with nearly a dozen national branches (North American, British, French, German, Belgian, Hispanic, Italian, Japanese, Dutch, Romanian, and Swiss) and with corresponding secretaries in six other countries. Membership is open to all persons--scholars, students, and others--with an interest in the study of the Arthurian legend. To join or to request information about its activities, publications, etc., you can contact the Secretary-Treasurer of the appropriate national branch. (Officers of the organization and its branches are listed in the Bibliographical Bulletin of the International Arthurian Society ; see below, under "Arthurian Bibliographical Sources.") I too would be happy to provide further information.
Arthurian and Medieval Links
Good Arthurian and medieval sites (though naturally with a good deal of overlap in some cases) include... Click here for MLA style concerning the citation of electronic sources ; select "MLA Style" and then "Frequently Asked Questions."

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Arthurian Reference Sources

Bruce, Christopher W. The Arthurian Name Dictionary. New York: Garland, 1999.
Coghlan, Ronan. The Encyclopaedia of Arthurian Legends. Rockport, MA: Element, 1991.

Guerreau-Jalabert, Anita. Index des motifs narratifs dans les romans arthuriens français en vers (XIIe-XIIIe siècles). Geneva: Droz, 1992.

Hill, David. An Atlas of Anglo-Saxon England. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 1981.

Lacy, Norris J., ed. A History of Arthurian Scholarship. Cambridge: D.S. Brewer, 2006. 

-----, ed. Medieval Arthurian Literature: A Guide to Recent Research. New York: Garland, 1996.

-----, and Geoffrey Ashe. The Arthurian Handbook. New York: Garland, 1988; rev. ed. (with Debra N. Mancoff), 1997.

-----, et al., eds. The New Arthurian Encyclopedia. New York: Garland, 1991, 1996.

Minary, Ruth, and Charles Moorman. An Arthurian Dictionary. Chicago: Academy Chicago, 1990. (Originally published as Moorman, Charles, and Ruth Moorman. An Arthurian Dictionary . [University, MS]: University Press of Mississippi, 1978.

Moorman, Charles, and Ruth Moorman: see Minary and Moorman.

Muir, Richard. The National Trust Guide to Dark Age and Medieval Britain, 400-1350. London: George Philip, The National Trust, The National Trust for Scotland, 1985.

West, G.D. An Index of Proper Names in French Arthurian Verse Romances, 1150-1300. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 1969.

-----. An Index of Proper Names in French Arthurian Prose Romances. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 1978.

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Arthurian Bibliographical Sources

Barber, Elaine. The Arthurian Bibliography, IV: 1993-1998. Cambridge: Brewer, 2002.

Bibliographical Bulletin of the International Arthurian Society. Annual. 1 (1949)- .

Bonser, Wilfrid. An Anglo-Saxon and Celtic Bibliography (450-1087). Oxford: Blackwell, 1957.

Last, Rex. The Arthurian Bibliography, 3. Cambridge; Brewer, 1985.

-----. The Arthurian Bibliography, III: Supplement 1979-83. Cambridge: Brewer, 1987.

Nastali, Daniel P., and Phillip C. Boardman. Arthurian Annals: The Tradition in English from 1250 to 2000. 2 vols. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2004.

Palmer, Caroline. The Arthurian Bibliography, III: 1978-1992. Author Listing and Subject Index . Cambridge: Brewer, 1998.

Parry, John J. A Bibliography of Critical Arthurian Literature for the Years 1922-29. New York: Modern Language Association, 1931.

-----, and Margaret Schlauch. A Bibliography of Critical Arthurian Literature for the Years 1930-35 . New York: Modern Language Association, 1936.

-----, and Paul A. Brown. A Bibliography of Critical Arthurian Literature for the Year... . [Annual] Modern Language Quarterly 1 (1940)-24 (1963).

Pickford, Cedric E., and Rex Last. The Arthurian Bibliography, I: Author Listing. Cambridge: Brewer, 1981.

-----, Rex Last, and C.R. Barker. The Arthurian Bibliography, II: Subject Index . Cambridge: Brewer, 1983.

Reiss, Edmund, Louise Horner Reiss, and Beverly Taylor. Arthurian Legend and Literature: An Annotated Bibliography (vol. I: The Middle Ages). New York: Garland, 1984.

Sharrer, Harvey L. A Critical Bibliography of Hispanic Arthurian Material. London: Grant and Cutler, 1977- .

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Other Medieval Reference Sources

Old French Dictionaries
Godefroy, Frédéric. Dictionnaire de l'ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IVe au XVe siècle . 10 vols. Paris: Vieweg, 1881-1902. [Vols. 6-10 have imprint Paris: E. Bouillon.]
----. Lexique de l'ancien français. Paris: Champion, 1965. [Perhaps the most comprehensive of the single-volume dictionaries of Old French, but does not deal with etymologies or give dates of first use.]

Grandsaignes d'Hauterive, R. Dictionnaire d'ancien français: Moyen Age et Renaissance . Paris: Larousse, 1947. [Largely replaced by the following.]

Greimas, A.J. Dictionnaire de l'ancien français jusqu'au milieu du XIVe siècle . Paris: Larousse, 1968. [Gives etymons and dates of first use of words.]

Hindley, Alan, Frederick William Langley, and Brian J. Levy. Old French-English Dictionary Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2000. [The only comprehensive Old French/English dictionary; extensive listing of non-technical words and of variant forms, but without etymons or illustrative textual examples.]

Tobler, Adolf, and Erhard Lommatzsch. Altfranzösisches Wörterbuch. Berlin: Weidmann; Wiesbaden: F. Steiner, 1925-. [issued in parts; still unfinished (complete through "V")]

Reference Volumes for Medieval France, French Medieval Literature, and the Middle Ages in General

Berlioz, Jacques. Identifier sources et citations. [Turnhout]: Brepols, 1994. [This volume will direct you to reference sources that will help you identify anonymous texts, locate proverbs, resolve pseudonyms, etc.]
Hasenohr, Geneviève, and Michel Zink, eds. Dictionnaire des lettres françaises: Le Moyen Age . Paris: Livre de Poche, 1992.

Kibler, William W., and Grover A. Zinn, eds. Medieval France: An Encyclopedia. New York: Garland, 1995.

Strayer, Joseph R., ed. Dictionary of the Middle Ages. 13 vols. New York: Scribners, 1982-89.

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