Chapter 12: Physical Disabilities and OHI

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Chapter 12: Understanding Students with Physical Disabilities and Other Health Impairments


Guiding Your Chapter Reading

ü  Define and identify the characteristics of students with physical disabilities and other health impairments

ü  Recall the major causes of physical disabilities and other health impairments

ü  Explain the assessment and evaluation practices for students with physical disabilities and other health impairments

ü  Identify the major issues impacting students with physical disabilities and other health impairments

ü  Describe successful instructional practices and accommodations for students with physical disabilities and other health impairments


C12.1. Unfortunately, death and dying are issues that may impact children who are in class with a student who has health impairments. The links below provide resources about death and grief.


Raindrop: Death Education for Children of All Ages


Recommended Books about Death and Grief for Children and Adolescents


C12.2. Students are often able to learn materials through the use of computer-assisted instruction. The following websites are examples of online instruction and educational software designed for students with physical disabilities. Plane Math is an award-winning site developed to teach students about the importance of math in aeronautics. Additionally, Edmark has excellent software developed to work with all kinds of assistive technology. Try their online demos for free.


Plane Math Overview


Plane Math Activities



After trying several of the activities at the sites above, evaluate the Internet site or software using the Children's Software Review software evaluation checklist on the link below. (Scroll down to the bottom of the page for the checklist.)

Children's Software Review:

C12.3. Randall is in the second grade and has cerebral palsy. In this clip, peers in his grade 2-3 multiage class push him playfully around the playground, all having fun. Later, Randall plays with other students in the sandbox.


Q1. Whole Schooling Consortium: Randall and friends on the playground

Q2. What do you think about this video clip?

Q3. Do you feel that it is better for Randall to be included?

Q4. Do you feel that it is better for his peers for Randall to be involved?

This link to Medline Plus provides a medical encyclopedia on many types of physical disabilities.

Here is a link to United Cerebral Palsy, the largest professional and consumer organization focusing on cerebral palsy.

Here is a link to the Epilepsy Foundation, which has the mission of promoting research, education, advocacy, and service for individuals with epilepsy.


United Cerebral Palsy Association

UCP is the leading source of information on cerebral palsy and is a pivotal advocate for the rights of persons with any disability. As one of the largest health charities in America, UCP's mission is to advance the independence, productivity and full citizenship of people with cerebral palsy and other disabilities.


Computer Adaptations

To reflect their role as an industry leader and to focus their efforts on the opportunities ahead, Microsoft has embraced a new corporate mission: To enable people and businesses throughout the world to realize their full potential. Microsoft strives to build products that are accessible to everyone, including people with disabilities.


How to Handle Bullying and Teasing


Helping with Grief

PBS website features an article "A Teacher's Guide to Grief".


Kids Health Organization

This is the largest and most visited site on the Web providing doctor-approved health information about children from before birth through adolescence.


Sickle Cell Information

Through the years the Association has provided effective leadership in positioning sickle cell disease and its related problems as a major public health care concern and, indeed, a universal problem.


Cancer Kids

Stories of children with cancer. Of special interest is the journal kept by one father in Ashley's Story, illustrating the ongoing impact of cancer on the family.


Countdown for Kids

The Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation provides a website for children with diabetes.


Answer Place: The Epilepsy Foundation

Epilepsy Foundation of America offers FAQs, a glossary, and other resources related to epilepsy.



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