History of Kites

Kites originated over three thousand years ago in China. The first kites were made out of Bambou, silk, and bridle. Kites progressed across the world moving from China to Asia to Europe and finally to America and Australia. In America Scientist Benjamin Franklin explored the techniques of kites used them to investigate atmospheric electricity. Along with Ben Franklin American physicist and inventor Alexander Graham Bell also studied kites. From the early 1890’s to the late 1930’s, box kites were used for measuring wind velocity, temperature, barometric pressure, and humidity by sending meteorological instruments into the air. On November 12, 1894 Lawrence Hargrave was lifted into the air by four connected “Cellular Kites” trying to invent the aero plane. Hargrave spent time developing several styles of kites and gliders, achieving to develop the concept of curved surface and also invented the rotary engine. And on November 7, 1903 Samuel Franklin Cody actually crossed the English Channel on a vessel towed by kites. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, kites were used for lifting military observers so that they could observe the disposition of enemy forces. Also during World War II kites were used as gunnery target. Now-a-days kites are used mostly for the enjoyment of children, young adults, and adults. They also are used to pull boats and used as hang gliders. Still today kites can be used for military in many different ways; they can be used for surveillance and satellite purposes.