The Olympics occur every two years and entertain billions of people but they do not happen without the enforcement of their strict rules and regulations. The Olympics are ultimately governed by the International Olympic committee. In 1894 at the Congress of Paris, the control and development of the modern Olympic Games were given to the International Olympic Committee. The IOC brings together all members of the Olympic family including: National Olympic Committees (NOCs), the International Sports Federations (IFs), the athletes, the Organizing Committees for the Olympic Games (OCOGs), the TOP partners, broadcast partners and United Nations agencies. However, the three main members of the Olympic Movement are the International Olympic Committee, the International Sports Federations, and the National Olympic Committees.
The IOC has numerous other responsibilities, including but not limited to: the encouragement and support the promotion of ethics in sport, the encouragement and support the organization, development and coordination of sport and sports competitions, to ensure the regular celebration of the Olympic Games, and to act against any form of discrimination affecting the Olympic Movement. While the IOC has most of the collective responsibility, each of the sub-organizations has their own, equally important tasks. The National Olympic Committee’s main responsibility is to develop, promote, and protect the Olympic movement in their respective countries. It is also their job to ensure athletes from their countries attend the games and only the NOC is able to select and send teams to the games. Finally, they choose the primary bid-cities in their own countries before they can compete against other cities from other countries to host the Olympics. The International Sports Federations are assigned with the task of enforcing the integrity of the games at an international level. The ISF manages and observes the everyday running of the world’s various sports, including the organization of the sports during the games. The Organizing Committees for the Olympic Games (OCOGs) is in charge of organizing the actual Olympic Games. The OCOGs is formed by the NOC of the hosting Olympic country.
The Olympic charter outlines all of the rules and regulations that must be followed by all of the competitors, coaches, and other team officials. This charter cover all of the following topics: the eligibility codes, nationality of competitors, age limits, doping policy, media coverage and publication, use of the Olympic flag, Media Coverage of the Olympic Games, publications relating to the Olympic Games, Advertising, Demonstrations, Propaganda, Protocol, Olympic Identity and Accreditation card, Use of the Olympic Flag, Use of the Olympic Flame, Opening and Closing Ceremonies,Victory, Medals and Diplomas Ceremonies , and Role of Honor, One of the most important regulatory measures taken by the International Olympic Committee is the list of banned substances. Their first list of banned substances was published by the IOC in 1967. Since the first list, there have been numerous additions. The list of banned substances now includes: anabolic agents, blood doping, peptide hormones, stimulants, diuretics, narcotic agents, and cannabinoids. To properly enforce their drug testing policy, the IOC formed the World Anti-Doping Agency in 1999. Athletes are required to submit to random drug testing year round. Testing positive for a banned substance can lead to disqualification for a short period of time or possibly for the rest of their lives. Despite the fact that there are such harsh penalties for positive tests, athletes continue to abuse banned substances.
In order to participate in the Olympic games, all of the competitors, coaches, and other team officials must be entered by the NOC and also respect the spirit of fair play and non violence, and abide by all aspects with the World Anti-Doping Code. In addition, the Ifs establish their own criteria of eligibility based on each sport and no competitor, coach, or other team official may be used for advertising purposes during the Olympic games unless permitted by the IOC. The IOC has also established rules and regulations about the nationality of competitors. Any competitor must be a national of the country of the NOC that is entering the Olympics. If a competitor is a national of two or more counties, they may represent only one of them. The IOC executive board approves age limits based on the competition rules of the Ifs. The IOC has also established an invitation policy. The IOC and NOCs send invitations one year before the Olympic ceremonies. The IOC reserves the right to only accept NOC invitations that they recognize. The IOC has the right to determine media coverage and the IOC makes it a top priority to ensure the fullest media coverage during the Olympic Games. The sports that are allowed to participate in the games are determined by the IOC and their associate Ifs. The Ifs are also responsible for the direction of each sport during the games. This includes the schedules, fields of play, training sites, and equipment. However, the IOC has the authority to determine the protocol at all sites and venues at the games. Before being able to compete in the games, all athletes must be able to verify their identity. The Olympic identity and accreditation card establishes the identity of the holder and confirms their right to compete in the games. There are many aspects of the games that are extremely prominent, but there are also several subtle aspects. The IOC dictates that the Olympic flag must be flown for the entire Olympics in a prominent position outside the main stadium. The OCOG is responsible for bringing the Olympic flame to the main stadium but must be done so under the strict IOC protocol guide. The opening and closing ceremonies, victory, medals, and diploma ceremonies, and roll of honor must also be approved by the IOC.