The object of life is not to be on the side of the majority, but to escape finding one's self in the ranks of the insane.

A quote by Marcus Aurelius (AD 121 - AD 180)

Jump to In the News for recent news articles on global warming.

Do Scientists and Politicians Really Believe That Humans Cause Global Warming? - A couple of their quotes


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What caused the series of more than 20 ice ages that have come and gone during the past 2 million years of Earth history?

This first graph looks bad, doesn't it -- steeper upward temperature trend. Horizontal red line is temperature at 1950.

Figure 1-1 Global warming

The second graph shows today's temperature isn't out of the norm. Horizontal blue line is temperature at 1950.

Figure 1-2 Climate of the last 2400 years

The next graph shows a downtrend in temperatures from 8,000 years ago to today. The down trend is steeper in the recent 2,000 years. From left to right the upper spikes have lower highs while the lower spikes have lower lows. (The same effect can be seen in Figure 1-2, above.) 

Figure 1-3 Climate of the last 12,000 years

This graph shows that agriculture and  stationary societies emerged 8,000 years ago during a time frame when global temperature was much higher than normal, or average.

Figure 1-4 Climate of the last 100,000 years

The next graph shows that the recent 8,000 years was one of five brief hot spikes when glaciers were at minimums. With much longer troughs when glacials (ice ages) were the norm most of the time.

Figure 1-5 Climate for the last 420 kyr, from Vostok ice

The graph below is reversed. That is, the left side is present day and the right side is 3 million years ago. It shows a 3 million year down trend toward widening extremes in the temperature cycle.

Figure 1-6 Climate for the last 3 million years

The final graph shows CO2 lagging temperature change -- not leading it.

Figure 1-7 CO2 and temperature for the last 450 kyr

Figures 1-1 through 1-6 from Brief Introduction to the History of Climate

Origin of the 100 kyr Glacial Cycle

Brief Introduction to the History of Climate
by Richard A. Muller

Ice Ages And Astronomical Causes


Quotes from a Scientist and a Politician

What a Politican Says

More than 20 years ago, former Colorado Senator and Deputy Undersecretary of State Tim Wirth, who presently heads the UN Foundation said:

"What we've got to do in energy conservation is try to ride the global warming issue," said Sen. Timothy E. Wirth, D-Colo., the Energy and Natural Resources Committee's point man on that issue and chairman of the Alliance to Save Energy. "Even if the theory of global warming is wrong, to have approached global warming as if it is real means energy conservation, so we will be doing the right thing anyway in terms of economic policy and environmental policy."

As reported in REPORTS - Less Burning, No Tears

By ROCHELLE L. STANFIELD, National Journal
National Journal Group Inc.
Saturday, Aug. 13, 1988

What a Scientist Says

Climatologist Dr. Steven Schneider is a professor at Stanford University and a member of the National Center for Atmospheric Research. He has recently criticized Danish Statistician Dr. Bjorn Lomborg for scientific dishonesty in Lomborg's book "The Skeptical Environmentalist".

But Schneider is hardly a paragon of scientific integrity. In a now famous interview in the October 1989 issue of Discover magazine, Schneider stated:

On the one hand, as scientists we are ethically bound to the scientific method, in effect promising to tell the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but - which means that we must include all the doubts, the caveats, the ifs, ands and buts.

On the other hand, we are not just scientists but human beings as well. And like most people, we'd like to see the world a better place, which in this context translates into our working to reduce the risk of potentially disastrous climate change.

To do that, we need to get some broad-based support, to capture the public's imagination. That, of course, entails getting loads of media coverage. So we have to offer up scary scenarios, make simplified, dramatic statements, and make little mention of any doubts we might have. Each of us has to decide what the right balance is between being effective and being honest.


20 Years Ago

"A senior U.N. environmental official says entire nations could be wiped off the face of the Earth by rising sea levels if the global warming trend is not reversed by the year 2000. Coastal flooding and crop failures would create an exodus of 'eco-refugees,' threatening political chaos, said Noel Brown, director of the New York office of the United Nations U.N. Environment Program, or UNEP. He said governments have a 10-year window of opportunity to solve the [problem]." This was published in the Miami Herald on the 5th of July, 1989.


My Favorite Climate Blogs for the Latest Information

Watts Up With That? by Anthony Watts

Climate Audit by Steve McIntyre


In the News

Climategate U-turn as scientist at centre of row admits: There has been no global warming since 1995

Phil Jones also conceded the possibility that the world was warmer in medieval times than now - suggesting global warming may not be a man-made phenomenon. And he said that for the past 15 years there has been no statistically significant global warming.


Scandal Erupts Amid Allegations of Fraud and Deceit in Global Warming Science

Purloined e-mails implicate scientists, universities, government institutions, and the U.N. in fraud

Searchable index of whistleblower emails at http://www.eastangliaemails.com/index.php


Senator Inhofe Says He Will Call for Investigation on "Climategate"

In an interview with The Washington Times on Monday, Sen. James Inhofe (R-Okla.) announced he would probe whether the U.N.'s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) "cooked the science to make this thing look as if the science was settled, when all the time of course we knew it was not."


Climatologists Baffled by Global Warming Time-Out

Global warming appears to have stalled. Climatologists are puzzled as to why average global temperatures have stopped rising over the last 10 years. Some attribute the trend to a lack of sunspots, while others explain it through ocean currents.


Terrestrial ecosystems and the oceans have a much greater capacity to absorb CO2 than had been previously expected

New data published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters show that the balance between the airborne and the absorbed fraction of carbon dioxide has stayed approximately constant since 1850, despite emissions of carbon dioxide having risen from about 2 billion tons a year in 1850 to 35 billion tons a year now


CO2 Accounting Error in US House Cap and Trade Bill Creates Perverse Incentives to Clear Forests

Several recent studies estimate that this error, applied globally, would create strong incentives to clear land as carbon caps tighten. One study estimated that a global CO2 target of 450 ppm under this accounting would cause bioenergy crops to expand to displace virtually all the world's natural forests and savannahs by 2065, releasing up to 37 gigatons (Gt) of CO2 per year (comparable to total human CO2 emissions today). Another study predicts that, based solely on economic considerations, bioenergy could displace 59% of the world's natural forest cover and release an additional 9 Gt of CO2 per year to achieve a 50% "cut" in greenhouse gases by 2050.

Note: The text of this article is 2009 American Association for the Advancement of Science. All Rights Reserved and cannot be posted on this web site. The complete article is available in the 23 October 2009, Volume 326 issue of Science, and online to AAAS members at http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/summary/326/5952/527


Influence of the Southern Oscillation on tropospheric temperature

Abstract of the American Geophysical Union's Journal of Geophysical Research demonstrating that 81% of Earth's temperature increase during the past 50 years has been due to natural rather than human causes. [Commentary at the following link]


Surge in global temps since 1977 can be attributed to a 1976 climate shift in the Pacific Ocean

Summary of Peer-Reviewed Study Rocks Climate Debate! 'Nature not man responsible for recent global warming...little or none of late 20th century warming and cooling can be attributed to humans'


A Layman’s Explanation of Why Global Warming Predictions by Climate Models are Wrong

This concise non-mathematical explanation of global warming forecasts from computer models by University of Alabama Prof. Roy Spencer could also be called Global Climate Modeling for Dummies. About Dr. Roy Spencer


Gore: U.S. Climate Bill Will Help Bring About 'Global Governance'

Gore touted the Congressional climate bill, claiming it “will dramatically increase the prospects for success” in combating what he sees as the “crisis” of man-made global warming. “But it is the awareness itself that will drive the change and one of the ways it will drive the change is through global governance and global agreements.”


Crops under stress as temperatures fall

For the second time in little over a year, it looks as though the world may be heading for a serious food crisis, thanks to our old friend "climate change". June brought heavy snowfall across large parts of western Canada and the northern states of the American Midwest. In Manitoba last week, it was -4C. North Dakota had its first June snow for 60 years.There was midsummer snow not just in Norway and the Cairngorms, but even in Saudi Arabia.


“Re-framing” the global warming debate: Cooler Weather Heats up Debate

According to the theory of global warming being touted by the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Al Gore and many others (who have spent an estimated $50 billion trying to show man-made greenhouse gas emissions are causing catastrophic global warming) the earth’s temperatures should be rising in line with a continuing increase in carbon dioxide emissions.[3] The problem is that the planet stopped warming more than a decade ago.


Is the U.S. Surface Temperature Reliable? Meterologist Anthony Watts has produced a report with photos of NOAA sites used for official temperature records.

Download the 31 page PDF report


Warming might be on hold, study finds

Global temperatures have flatlined since 2001...Cooling trend could continue for up to 30 years


Former Apollo 17 astronaut who walked on the moon speaks out on global warming

Former astronaut, former US Senator from New Mexico, and geologist with a Ph.D. from Harvard, Harrison Schmitt doesn't believe that humans are causing global warming. Schmitt says the "global warming scare is being used as a political tool to increase government control over American lives, incomes and decision making."


Princeton Professor Denies Global Warming Theory

“Carbon dioxide is not a pollutant. Every time you exhale, you exhale air that has 4 percent carbon dioxide. To say that that’s a pollutant just boggles my mind. What used to be science has turned into a cult.”

Be sure to take a look at the comments at the end


UN Blowback: More Than 650 International Scientists Dissent Over Man-Made Global Warming Claims

The over 650 dissenting scientists are more than 12 times the number of UN scientists (52) who authored the media-hyped IPCC 2007 Summary for Policymakers.

This new report issued by the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee is the latest evidence of the growing groundswell of scientific opposition challenging significant aspects of the claims of the UN IPCC and Al Gore. Scientific meetings are now being dominated by a growing number of skeptical scientists.


Earth on the Brink of an Ice Age

The Vostok ice core data graph reveals that global CO2 levels regularly rose and fell in a direct response to the natural cycle of Ice Age minimums and maximums during the past four hundred and twenty thousand years. Within that natural cycle, about every 110,000 years global temperatures, followed by global CO2 levels, have peaked at approximately the same levels which they are at today.


The world has never seen such freezing heat

A surreal scientific blunder last week raised a huge question mark about the temperature records that underpin the worldwide alarm over global warming. On Monday, Nasa's Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS), which is run by Al Gore's chief scientific ally, Dr James Hansen, and is one of four bodies responsible for monitoring global temperatures, announced that last month was the hottest October on record.
The problem was that it wasn't true.


EU carbon trading system brings windfalls for some, with little benefit to climate

The European Union started with the most high-minded of ecological goals: to create a market that would encourage companies to reduce greenhouse gases by making them pay for each ton emitted into the atmosphere.

Four years later, the carbon trading system has created a multibillion-euro windfall for some of the continent's biggest polluters, with little or no noticeable benefit to the environment so far.


Alaska's ice thickens over unusual summer ("The polar bears were elated"!)

Never before in the history of a research project dating back to 1946 had the Juneau Icefield witnessed the kind of snow buildup that came this year.


Lawyers call for international court for the environment

A former chairman of the British Bar Council is calling for an international court for the environment to punish states that fail to protect wildlife and prevent climate change


BBC Caught Editing Story To Appease Global Warming Lobbyist

The BBC has sensationally been caught red-handed editing a news story about global warming in order to appease a rhetorical e mail sent by an environmental activist, while it has also emerged that BBC writers are aware of the growing suspicions about apparent attempts to censor skeptics of man-made global warming.


CO2 Emissions May Prevent Projected Ice Age: Discovery News

Scheduled shifts in Earth's orbit should plunge the planet into an enduring Ice Age thousands of years from now but the event will probably be averted because of man-made greenhouse gases, scientists said Wednesday

Two researchers built a high-powered computer model to take a closer look at these intriguing phases of cooling and warmth. Earth has experienced long periods of extreme cold over the billions of years of its history. The big freezes are interspersed with "interglacial" periods of relative warmth, of the kind we have experienced since the end of the last Ice Age, around 11,000 years ago.

These climate swings have natural causes, believed to be rooted particularly in changes in Earth's orbit and axis that, while minute, have a powerful effect on how much solar heat falls on the planet.

Efforts to support global climate-change falls: Poll

PARIS - There is both growing public reluctance to make personal sacrifices and a distinct lack of enthusiasm for the major international efforts now underway to battle climate change, according to findings of a poll of 12,000 citizens in 11 countries, including Canada.


Global Warming Link to amphibian declines in doubt

University Park, Pa. -- Evidence that global warming is causing the worldwide declines of amphibians may not be as conclusive as previously thought, according to biologists. The findings, which contradict two widely held views, could help reveal what is killing the frogs and toads and aid in their conservation


Analysis Disputes U.N. Panel on Warming Culprit

A new scientific analysis by researchers David Douglass and John Christy disputes a United Nations panel's contention that rising atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide are the culprit for increasing global temperatures.


Global warming predictions are overestimated, study suggests

A detailed analysis of black carbon - the residue of burned organic matter - in computer climate models suggests that those models may be overestimating global warming predictions.


Dissecting the Hockey Stick

They did it for the cause. It's a noble cause. And even though the data don't actually say what they wanted them to say -- in fact, they say the opposite -- they are untroubled by that. Because the government actions that are being taken are the "Right Thing".

Additional references regarding the "Hockey Stick" debate.


Climate Sensitivity Reconsidered

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, 2007) concluded that anthropogenic CO2 emissions probably caused more than half of the "global warming" of the past 50 years and would cause further rapid warming. However, global mean surface temperature has not risen since 1998 and may have fallen since late 2001.


Painting by numbers: NASA's peculiar thermometer

The story is that the world is heating up - fast. Prominent people at NASA warn us that unless we change our carbon producing ways, civilisation as we know it will come to an end. At the same time, there are new scientific studies showing that the earth is in a 20 year long cooling period. Which view is correct?


Ocean Currents May Cause Cooling Over Next Decade

Read detailed source report from the May 1, 2008 issue of Nature

.

A Case Against Climate Alarmism

"Such hysteria simply represents the scientific illiteracy of much of the public, the susceptibility of the public to the Goebbelian substitution of repetition for truth, and the exploitation of these weaknesses by politicians, environmental promoters, and, after 20 years of media drum beating, many others as well."
Richard S. Lindzen, Alfred P. Sloan Professor of Atmospheric Science, MIT


Absence of clouds caused prehuman supergreenhouse periods

"Our motivation was the inability of climate models to reproduce the climate of the supergreenhouse episodes of the Cetaceous and Eocene adequately," said Lee R. Kump, [Penn State] professor of geosciences. "People have tried increasing carbon dioxide in the models to explain the warming, but there are limits to the amounts that can be added because the existing proxies for carbon dioxide do not show such large amounts."


Temperature Monitors Report Widescale Global Cooling

Twelve-month long drop in world temperatures wipes out a century of warming


NOAA: Coolest Winter Since 2001 for U.S., Globe

Record Northern Hemisphere snow cover extent in January [2008] accompanied the 54th coolest winter since national records began in 1895.


Scientists read Antarctic mud for climate change insight

"We saw something like 50 cycles [in a few million years] of the Ross Ice Shelf disappearing and coming back," says Fabio Florindo, a soft-spoken geologist from the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology in Rome.


The Sun Also Sets - Investor Business Daily editorial

Climate Change: Not every scientist is part of Al Gore's mythical "consensus." Scientists worried about a new ice age seek funding to better observe something bigger than your SUV -- the sun.


Gore Dodges Repeated Calls to Debate Global Warming [September 2007]

Freedom, Not Climate is at Risk


Cooking Up Global Warming

A very embarrassing chapter in the history of our nation's scientific establishment has been unfolding thanks to a creative new website www.SurfaceStations.org set up and run by  Anthony Watts.

The First Expos of International Surface Temperature Recording Stations, by John Daly


Forecasts by scientists vs. Scientific Forecasts

Claims that the Earth will get warmer have no more credence than saying that it will get colder


Fire and Ice

Journalists have warned of climate change for 100 years, but can’t decide whether we face an ice age or warming


Antarctic temperatures disagree with climate model predictions

A new report on climate over the world's southernmost continent shows that temperatures during the late 20th century did not climb as had been predicted by many global climate models.


Does CO2 really drive global warming?

More from Dr. Essenhigh

The major greenhouse gas in the atmosphere is water, not CO2, and although CO2 is the only other significant atmospheric absorbing gas, it is still only a minor contributor because of its relatively low concentration.

Compared to man-made sources' emission of about 5 to 6 billion tons per year, the natural sources would then account for more than 95 percent of all atmospheric carbon dioxide, Essenhigh said.

"At 6 billion tons, humans are then responsible for a comparatively small amount - less than 5 percent - of atmospheric carbon dioxide," he said. "And if nature is the source of the rest of the carbon dioxide, then it is difficult to see that man-made carbon dioxide can be driving the rising temperatures.


Warming Climate Can Support Glacial Ice: It Did In Much Warmer Times

91 million years ago during the Cretaceous Thermal Maximum tropical ocean temperatures rose to 35-37C (95-98.6F), about 10C (18F) warmer than today, thus creating an intense greenhouse climate.


Researchers Question Validity Of A 'Global Temperature'

"It is impossible to talk about a single temperature for something as complicated as the climate of Earth", Bjarne Andresen says, an an expert of thermodynamics.


Read the Sunspots

The mud at the bottom of British Columbia fjords reveals that solar output drives climate change - and that we should prepare now for dangerous global cooling


Look to Mars for the truth on global warming

Global warming extends to Mars, where the polar ice cap is shrinking, where deep gullies in the landscape are now laid bare, and where the climate is the warmest it has been in decades or centuries.


Ice Ages Blamed on Tilted Earth - Milankovich

In the past million years, the Earth experienced a major ice age about every 100,000 years. Scientists have several theories to explain this glacial cycle, but new research suggests the primary driving force is all in how the planet leans.


Climate Change is Nothing New

The ancient Greek philosopher Plato, who lived from 427 BC to 347 BC, wrote about major climate changes that were known in his day. (Scroll down nearly 1/2 way past the clutter)


Ban the Bulb?

Should the government phase out incandescent light bulbs?


Another Ice Age? - Lest We Forget

As they review the bizarre and unpredictable weather pattern of the past several years, a growing number of scientists are beginning to suspect that many seemingly contradictory meteorological fluctuations are actually part of a global climatic upheaval.


Skeptical Scientists Urge World to Have the Courage to Do Nothing at UN Conference

Scientists presenting conflicting evidence about human influence on Earth's climate not welcome at Bali conference


Great documentary: The Great Global Warming Swindle