U.S. Patents for Roller Coasters and Related Rides

Links on the left provide access to roller coaster-related patents on the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) server. This content is provided by the USPTO. Links on the right provide access via Google Patents, which may provide easier image viewing as well as serving patent pdfs. For more information, return to the patent home page.

Non-U.S. Roller coaster patents are found on the non-U.S. patent page.

This list is not complete, and a few of the rides listed are not roller coasters. Small-scale coaster-like rides (backyard coasters) are grouped in a separate list on this page. Most gravity water ride patents are found on the water ride page, while alpine slides and some additional gravity ride patents are found on the other rides page.

also on this page

patent applications
backyard coasters

Roller Coaster-Related Patents

patent number issue date inventor/ assignee patent title [comment] google link
95095 9/1869 De Bodisco & De Rivera Artificial sliding hill 95095
128674 7/1872 Taylor Improvement in inclined railways 128674
198888 1/1878 Knudsen Inclined-plane railways 198888
269554 12/1882 Alexander Artificial sliding hill 269554
277625 5/1883 Steel Inclined plane and sled therefor [wheeled sled] 277625
291261 1/1884 Wood Circular gravity-railway 291261
298710 5/1884 Stevens Roller coasting device 298710
307942 11/1884 Hinkle Gravity pleasure road 307942
308795 12/1884 Rankin Coasting track [ice railway, closed circuit] 308795
309689 12/1884 Campbell Tramway and car 309689
310356 1/1885 Alcoke Roller coasting vehicle 310356
310966 1/1885 Thompson Roller coasting structure 310966
314626 3/1885 Stoddard & Terwilliger Roller coasting device 314626
315555 3/1885 Root Elevated railroad 315555
315640 4/1885 Kramer Incline railway [car elevating mechanism] 315640
316512 4/1885 Yearick Gravity Railway 316512
317273 5/1885 Alcoke Gravity railway 317273
318025 5/1885 Pusey Artificial coasting or sledding course 318025
318026 5/1885 Pusey Artificial coasting course 318026
322594 7/1885 Geber Parabolic railway and car, &c. 322594
332762 12/1885 Thompson Gravity switch back railway 332762
357790 2/1887 Schaefer Marine boat slide 357790
363914 5/1887 Rogers Toboggan slide [rollers on trackway] 363914
366232 7/1887 McCullough Toboggan slide [rollers on trackway] 366232
367252 7/1887 Thompson Elevated gravity and cable railroad [not for amusement, but with cable lift similar to those used later in Thompson's scenic railways] 367252
367286 7/1887 Floyd/ Jackman Sliding hill and toboggan therefor 367286
368515 8/1887 Chadeayne Toboggan [wheeled, with guide rollers] 368515
372306 11/1887 Fenton Combined sliding and roller coaster 372306
373439 11/1887 Campbell Tramway and car 373439
374736 12/1887 Floyd Sliding hill and toboggan to be used therewith 374736
384843 6/1888 Harrington Inclined railway and water tobogganing apparatus 384843
386123 7/1888 Grant/ Grant & Brown Toboggan slide 386123
401734 4/1889 Chadeayne Toboggan [wheeled] 401734
411255 9/1889 Newburg Coaster [shoot-the-chutes] 411255
424164 3/1890 Bankson Roller sled 424164
428977 5/1890 Thompson Pleasure railway, &c [mechanism for operating scene in tunnel] 428977
429601 6/1890 Bormann Sinuous pleasure railway 429601
430587 6/1890 Merrill/ Haverhill Roller Toboggan Roller toboggan slide and toboggan car [guide wheels] 430587
432271 7/1890 Harman Trolley toboggan 432271
434554 8/1890 Bormann Sinuous pleasure railway 434554
438414 10/1890 Guerra Artificial toboggan slide 438414
450609 4/1891 Bormann Sinuous pleasure railway and toboggan slide [racing] 450609
450658 4/1891 Bormann Pleasure railway 450658
450659 4/1891 Bormann Car or vehicle for pleasure railways, toboggan slides, &c. 450659
450660 4/1891 Bormann Sinuous pleasure railway 450660
450661 4/1891 Bormann Gripping mechanism for cars or vehicles, &c 450661
452791 5/1891 Jackman Power and gravity railway [suspended] 452791
456438 7/1891 Shaw Sliding hill and carriage to be used therewith [wheel and track arrangement; elevator] 456438
468553 2/1892 Shaw Sliding hill or chute for carriages 468553
470220 3/1892 Thompson Pleasure railway and car therefor 470220
474351 5/1892 Smith Coasting railway 474351
475081 5/1892 Guerra Toboggan slide 475081
477059 6/1892 Maxwell Gravity railway 477059
513570 1/1894 Grant Roller toboggan [automatic cable grip] 513570
518224 4/1894 Cawdery Gravity railway [steeplechase] 518224
520248 5/1894 Thompson Toboggan slide [coaster with ice track] 520248
522025 6/1894 Morris Toboggan slide 522025
527990 10/1894 Idler Electric and gravity pleasure railway 527990
528224 10/1894 Grant Roller toboggan [racing illusion] 528224
535938 3/1895 Boyton Coaster [shoot-the-chutes] 535938
548159 10/1895 Griffiths/ Landis Car shifting appliance for pleasure railways 548159
549635 12/1895 Griffiths/ Landis Pleasure coasting course 549635
561169 6/1896 Murray & Cole/ Brown & Grant Clutch for toboggan cars [roller toboggan] 561169
571812 11/1896 Vogt/ Landis Gripping mechanism for cars 571812
572111 12/1896 Griffiths Combined electric and gravity pleasure railway 572111
577152 2/1897 Vogt/ Landis Truck and gripping mechanism for railway cars 577152
577549 2/1887 Griffiths Gravity and cable pleasure railway 577549
577550 2/1897 Griffiths Electric and gravity pleasure railway 577550
592648 10/1897 Downey Pleasure railway [suspended] 592648
593413 11/1897 Cawdery Carriage for gravity railways [steeplechase improvement] 593413
594700 11/1897 Lilley Electric pleasure railway [Tower Railway] 594700
602442 4/1898 Grant Roller toboggan [automatic cable grip] 602442
608787 8/1898 Murrey Gravity railroad 608787
609164 8/1898 Prescott Roller coaster [vertical loop] 609164
620321 2/1899 Holcomb Pleasure railway 620321
620415 2/1899 Campbell Pleasure car for gravity railways, &c. [rolling barrel] 620415
634669 10/1899 Moritz & Moritz Gravity coaster [suspended] 634669
637775 11/1899 Funk Pleasure railway [suspended] 637775
638720 12/1899 Hutchinson Racing trolley track 638720
665763 1/1901 Thompson Pleasure railway 665763
665764 1/1901 Thompson Gravity or pleasure railway [third rail: Auto Spectacular Railway] 665764
667455 2/1901 Prescott Centrifugal railway 667455
D34219 3/1901 Morris Track or way for amusement railways D34219
D34293 3/1901 Morris Track or way for amusement railways D34293
674750 5/1901 Walter Pleasure railway [suspended] 674750
D34633 6/1901 Morris Track or way for amusement railways D34633
D34634 6/1901 Morris Track or way for amusement railways D34634
D34635 6/1901 Morris Track or way for amusement railways D34635
676190 6/1901 Hutchinson Racing trolley track 676190
676670 6/1901 Welsh Single track railroad 676670
678243 7/1901 Green/ American Construction Amusement railway [noncircular vertical loop] 678243
687370 11/1901 Douglass Scenic railway [suspended] 687370
695137 3/1902 Beecher/ American Construction Monorailway 695137
695138 3/1902 Beecher/ American Construction Rail 695138
699960 5/1902 Lachase Pleasure railway [suspended steeplechase] 699960
702982 6/1902 Merrill Toboggan slide [racing] 702982
706467 6/1902 Wegner Sack race structure [gravity] 706467
709764 9/1902 Hall Illusion apparatus [aerial scenic railway] 709764
712570 11/1902 Myers/ Myers Amusement Pleasure railway [cannon coaster] 712570
712587 11/1902 Pfuntner & Cole/ American Scenic Railway and Amusement Company Scenic railway [single track coaster] 712587
712707 11/1902 Myers Pleasure railway [cannon illusion] 712707
712708 11/1902 Myers/ Myers Amusement Pleasure railway 712708
713737 11/1902 Boyce Amusement apparatus [scenic coal mine] 713737
715959 12/1902 Booraem & Howard Illusion apparatus [for pleasure railway] 715959
716285 12/1902 St. Clair/ Elevated Whirling Scenic Amusement apparatus [suspended, rotating seat] 716285
716427 12/1902 Jontz & Gault Roller coaster [Whirl the Whirl] 716427
721094 2/1903 Robinson Amusement apparatus 721094
721631 2/1903 Brown Amusement apparatus [steeplechase improvement] 721631
723525 3/1903 Hagen Centrifugal amusement way [planar vertical loop] 723525
723559 3/1903 Truitt Pleasure railway 723559
726282 4/1903 Gilman Race track amusement apparatus 726282
728246 5/1903 Kremer Exhibition apparatus [vehicle in form of rolling ball] 728246
733359 7/1903 Welsh/ United States Celestial Paradise Illusion device [for gravity scenic railway] 733359
737409 8/1903 Jackman Inclined railway 737409
737410 8/1903 Jackman Car [for inclined railway] 737410
737753 9/1903 Maguire/ Ryan Amusement apparatus [Coasting Through Switzerland (?)] 737753
739789 9/1903 Myers/ Myers Amusement Pleasure railway [cannon with gap] 739789
743168 11/1903 Jackman Railway 743168
743169 11/1903 Jackman Car coupling 743169
743170 11/1903 Jackman Railway 743170
745854 12/1903 Jackman Locking device for seat guards 745854
745855 12/1903 Jackman Track and car 745855
745962 12/1903 Jackman Safety device for inclined railways [anti-rollback levers on lift hill] 745962
746467 12/1903 Crane Pleasure railway [dueling] 746467
749130 1/1904 Floyd/ Philadelphia Amusement Toboggan slide 749130
749676 1/1904 Jackman Inclined railway [racing] 749676
749677 1/1904 Jackman Inclined railway [racing] 749677
749691 1/1904 Jackman Brake mechanism for inclined railways 749691
750242 1/1904 Jackman Railway 750242
750246 1/1904 Beecher/ Beecher Construction Pleasure railway 750246
752450 2/1904 Hamell/ Hammell Amusement Amusement device 752450
755158 3/1904 Morgan Scenic pleasure railway 755158
757487 4/1904 McLaughlin Roller coaster 757487
759053 5/1904 Whittemore Carriage for roller coasters 759053
762022 6/1904 Brown Pleasure railway [Backety-Back] 762022
766105 7/1904 Floyd/ Philadelphia Amusement Gravity railway 766105
769490 9/1904 Rosenberger Car for scenic railways 769490
771322 10/1904 Pattee/ Planets Ball coaster 771322
774348 11/1904 Campbell Coaster 774348
776807 12/1904 Shaules Amusement apparatus [slide] 776807
777309 12/1904 Riddle & Shuck Pleasure railway 777309
777497 12/1904 Cooper Scenic railway 777497
780049 1/1905 Maguire Amusement apparatus [slide] 780049
780345 1/1905 Jackman Brake mechanism for inclined railways 780345
780346 1/1905 Jackman Railway track and car 780346
780347 1/1905 Jackman Car-stopping device for inclined railways 780347
780348 1/1905 Jackman Inclined railway [lift improvement] 780348
783368 2/1905 Day Gravity railway [racing] 783368
784329 2/1905 Jackman Inclined railway 784329
788980 5/1905 Wilmouth Spiral railway 788980
789946 5/1905 Turpin/ Thompson Scenic Amusement apparatus 789946
793333 6/1905 Weaver Chain dog 793333
793471 6/1905 Thomas & Kirkpatrick Amusement device [moving scenery] 793471
795483 7/1905 Christensen & Christensen Amusement device [suspended] 795483
803465 10/1905 Bernheisel Amusement device 803465
803679 11/1905 Ensign Pleasure railway [suspended] 803679
807933 12/1905 Jackman Car coupling 807933
811998 2/1906 Benedict Amusement apparatus 811998
814939 3/1906 Cerruti Amusement railway 814939
815210 3/1906 Pattee Spherical amusement vehicle 815210
815986 3/1906 Taylor & Hoard Pleasure railway 815986
817699 4/1906 Fageol Inclined suspended railway 817699
817940 4/1906 Strickler/Federal Inclined railway [chain dog variant] 817940
819808 5/1906 Sands/ Thompson Scenic Electric block signal for railways 819808
825431 7/1906 Thompson Pleasure railway [Dragon's Gorge] 825431
827313 7/1906 Lauster & Pounds Pleasure railway [underwater tunnel] 827313
833762 10/1906 J. Thompson Gravitation railroad 833762
833835 10/1906 Huntley Gravity railway [suspended] 833835
835662 11/1906 Bruen Inclined railway [ice track] 835662
838071 11/1906 Beisel Amusement apparatus 838071
839024 12/1906 Nelson Aerial tramway [gravity descent] 839024
843420 2/1907 Strickler/ Federal Construction Running gear for vehicles 843420
844116 2/1907 Francovich Amusement device [passenger-powered & gravity ride] 844116
845967 3/1907 Moskovitz Amusement device 845967
846207 3/1907 Jackman Railway 846207
846208 3/1907 Jackman Railway 846208
846209 3/1907 Jackman Railway 846209
846210 3/1907 Jackman Brake mechanism for inclined railways 846210
847304 3/1907 Allen Toboggan slide [portable; rollers on track] 847304
850136 4/1907 Cole/ Altro Park Amusement riding device [suspended] 850136
858624 7/1907 Reckweg Pleasure railway [oscillating motion imparted by guide rail] 858624
862607 8/1907 Bragg Pleasure railway 862607
866680 9/1907 Plotner Amusement apparatus [castered car] 866680
867765 10/1907 Strickler Automatic steering mechanism for vehicles [gravity or other] 867765
869083 10/1907 Hebig Amusement device [spherical vehicle] 869083
869846 10/1907 Jackman Brake mechanism for inclined railways 869846
869847 10/1907 Jackman Safety device for inclined railways [anti-rollback improvement] 869847
869848 10/1907 Jackman Locking device for seat guards 869848
869849 10/1907 Jackman Brake mechanism for inclined railways 869849
870089 11/1907 Ellis Railway 870089
870489 11/1907 Bourke Amusement device [auto-whirl] 870489
871643 11/1907 Shaw Pleasure railway [Hydraulic Dive] 871643
872253 11/1907 Riehl Amusement apparatus [Virginia Reel] 872253
873570 12/1907 Mangels & Brewster Amusement apparatus [Tickler] 873570
877100 1/1908 Lockwood Pleasure railway 877100
879615 2/1908 Enochs Amusement device [scenic railway] 879615
881000 3/1908 Jackman Switch for pleasure railways 881000
881788 3/1908 Gardner & Schmidt Pleasure railway [suspended] 881788
884594 4/1908 Lacomme Scenic railway [tilting track illusion] 884594
886958 5/1908 Dewey Amusement railway [tilt controlled by additional rail] 886958
888111 5/1908 Morrissey Pleasure railway [rollers on track] 888111
888881 5/1908 Geores Pleasure railway [castered tub] 888881
895256 8/1908 Goudron Amusement coaster [Wobble Bobble] 895256
895427 8/1908 Church Pleasure railway 895427
895428 8/1908 Church Pleasure railway car 895428
895946 8/1908 Biavati Device for handling amusement cars [car elevator] 895946
896430 8/1908 Bishop & Down/ Auto-Conveyors Amusement apparatus of the gravity railway type [with car-leveling lift] 896430
898739 9/1908 Hooker Aerial railway 898739
904953 11/1908 Hamilton & Mellre Amusement device 904953
906732 12/1908 McDonagh & Reynolds Amusement apparatus 906732
909953 1/1909 Smith Amusement device [lift for toboggans] 909953
913046 2/1909 Paul Pleasure railway 913046
914058 2/1909 Martyne Railway or track for purposes of amusement [racing] 914058
915382 3/1909 Rehling Pleasure railway [variable rail gauge] 915382
916157 3/1909 Jackman Locking device for seat guards 916157
919352 4/1909 Hinderland Suspended railway 919352
922052 5/1909 Sherk Amusement railway [rotating car] 922052
922184 5/1909 Peck Amusement device 922184
923334 6/1909 Connelly & Rudolph Amusement apparatus [rotating car] 923334
924182 6/1909 Neville Automobile scenic railroad 924182
925818 6/1909 Mangels Pleasure railway [passenger-powered assist] 925818
927517 7/1909 Fageol & Fageol Pleasure railway 927517
931139 8/1909 Nall Amusement device [rotating car] 931139
931705 8/1909 Perdew Pleasure railway 931705
933445 9/1909 Hess Amusement device 933445
933788 9/1909 Liebling & Schmidt Amusement device [suspended] 933788
933790 9/1909 Shaules Amusement device [rollercoaster with switches instead of turns] 933790
933914 9/1909 Neville Automobile scenic railway 933914
937456
=RE13588
10/1909
7/1913
Miller Pleasure railway [racing] 937456
RE13588
938404 10/1909 Whiting Pleasure railway [gap jumping] 938404
952472
=RE13271
3/1910
7/1911
Sharkey Car for roller coasters 952472
RE13271
953459 3/1910 Cleghorn Amusement apparatus 953459
955217 4/1910 Smith & Smith/ National Airship Spiralway Inclined railway [suspended: Spiral Airship] 955217
958160 5/1910 Neville Gravity automobile 958160
963265 7/1910 Barrie Amusement mechanism 963265
964383 7/1910 Bragg Amusement apparatus [castered cars] 964383
968955 8/1910 Keefe/ Eureka Novelty Amusement apparatus [summer coaster] 968955
976896 11/1910 McFarland Amusement apparatus [suspended spiral gravity ride] 976896
979171 12/1910 Kohler Amusement apparatus 979171
979875 12/1910 Miller Starting apparatus for pleasure railways 979875
979982 12/1910 Miller Railway car for pleasure railways [side friction improvement] 979982
979983 12/1910 Miller Braking apparatus for pleasure railways [squeeze brakes] 979983
979984 12/1910 Miller Safety device for pleasure railways [anti-rollbacks engaging chain] 979984
981462 1/1911 Moss Coasting device for purposes of amusement [simulating airship; gravity or otherwise] 981462
983049 1/1911 Hartwig Aerial amusement device [suspended gravity ride] 983049
983119 1/1911 Bourke Pleasure railway 983119
989472 4/1911 Aitken Pleasure railroad [gravity ride ending with aerial glide into pond] 989472
993840 5/1911 Kohler Amusement apparatus 993840
1002162 8/1911 Langworthy Amusement device [ride with stunts] 1002162
1009076 11/1911 Lavarack & Greenwood Recreative apparatus of the switchback or like type 1009076
1012059 12/1911 Burchard & Noble Electropneumatic braking appliance for railways 1012059
1013202 1/1912 Miller Amusement apparatus [simulating airplane] 1013202
1013203 1/1912 Miller Amusement apparatus [simulating airplane] 1013203
1013843 1/1912 McIntyre & Conner Amusement device 1013843
1037957 9/1912 Miller Handle bar mechanism for pleasure railways 1037957
1037958 9/1912 Miller Pleasure railway [self-centering skid brakes] 1037958
1038174 9/1912 Miller Pleasure railway structure [guide wheels] 1038174
1038175 9/1912 Miller Handle bar mechanism for pleasure railways 1038175
1040125 10/1912 Bickford Loop the loop pleasure railway 1040125
1062839 5/1913 Miller Handle bar mechanism for pleasure railways 1062839
1070081 8/1913 Thompson/ Thompson Scenic Pleasure railway [train] 1070081
1070360 8/1913 Thompson/ Thompson Scenic Pleasure railway [brake mechanism] 1070360
1070082 8/1913 Thompson/ Thompson Scenic Pleasure railway [racing] 1070082
1070208 8/1913 Thompson/ Thompson Scenic Pleasure railway 1070208
1073156 9/1913 Miller Gripping device 1073156
1074185 9/1913 Lockwood Pleasure railway [Bowls of Joy; improvement on patent 877100] 1074185
1075397 10/1913 Bouracier Amusement apparatus 1075397
1079052 11/1913 Ingersoll Pleasure railway [racing] 1079052
1095965 5/1914 Glazier Amusement apparatus [combined coaster and chutes] 1095965
1097452 5/1914 Lockwood Pleasure railway [Bowls of Joy improvement] 1097452
1097615 5/1914 D'Agostino Switchback coaster 1097615
1101630 6/1914 Hooper Amusement apparatus 1101630
1102821 7/1914 Thompson/ Thompson Scenic Signaling device for racing coasters 1102821
1102822 7/1914 Thompson/ Thompson Scenic Safety device for pleasure railway cars [seat bar] 1102822
1127753 2/1915 Glynn Amusement railway [suspended] 1127753
1137342 4/1915 McCormick/ Ingersoll Brake for pleasure railways 1137342
1152290 8/1915 Carruthers Pleasure railway 1152290
1167170 1/1916 Hartman Amusement device [suspended] 1167170
1248770 12/1917 Wilson Amusement device [suspended] 1248770
1264159 4/1918 Cooper & Schmidt/ Riverview Park Pleasure railway [mechanism for monitoring reride fares] 1264159
1300555 4/1919 Behrens Aerial amusement railway 1300555
1311703 7/1919 Meyer Pleasure railway 1311703
1319888 10/1919 Miller Pleasure railway structure [upstop arrangement] 1319888
1328238 1/1920 Williams/ Aeroplane Railway Aeroplane pleasure-railway [monorail structure] 1328238
1347968 7/1920 O'Doie Spiral glide amusement device 1347968
1356412 10/1920 Smith Pleasure railway [castered cars] 1356412
1358305 11/1920 Feltman Amusement device [rotating car] 1358305
1359508 11/1920 Johnson Amusement device 1359508
1360953 11/1920 Hooper Amusement apparatus 1360953
1361476
=RE15244
12/1920
12/1921
Maynes Amusement apparatus [air blasts for coasters] 1361476
RE15244
1373754 4/1921 Miller Pleasure railway structure [upstop retrofit for older track structure] 1373754
1380732 6/1921 Miller Pleasure-railway structure [in-line seating] 1380732
1399577 10/1921 Riehl Pleasure railway 1399577
1404143 1/1922 Riehl Car for pleasure railways 1404143
1404144 1/1922 Riehl Draft means for the cars of pleasure vehicles 1404144
1405213 1/1922 Hingenitz Amusement device [vertical loop] 1405213
1409264 3/1922 Watkins Car holding ratchet 1409264
1409750 3/1922 Miller Pleasure railway construction and operation [wheel-steering mechanism] 1409750
1409751 3/1922 Miller Pleasure railway [train coupling] 1409751
1410374 3/1922 Church Roller coaster railway [track construction] 1410374
1415187 5/1922 Miller Pleasure railway structure [flanged road wheel serving also as upstop] 1415187
1417754 5/1922 Liuni Amusement device 1417754
1420887 6/1922 Strauss Amusement device [suspended] 1420887
1430203 9/1922 von Tautphoeus Amusement railway 1430203
1430396 9/1922 W. Miller Amusement device 1430396
1431567 10/1922 Church Jointed coaster train 1431567
1440586 1/1923 Feucht Roller coaster 1440586
1440587 1/1923 Feucht Safety device for roller coasters [brake system] 1440587
1440588 1/1923 Feucht Roller coaster running gear 1440588
1448763 3/1923 Miller Pleasure-railway structure [improved track structure; guide wheels functioning as upstops] 1448763
1448764 3/1923 Miller Pleasure railway car [Dip-Lo-Do-Cus] 1448764
1454760 5/1923 Neary Roller coaster safety appliance 1454760
1463137 7/1923 Makepeace Roller coaster 1463137
1432104 10/1923 Feucht Railway switch 1432104
1474962 11/1923 Greenberg Pleasure railway [with block signaling system] 1474962
1476148 12/1923 Church Car for coaster railways 1476148
1480678 1/1924 Feucht Car coupling 1480678
1501060 7/1924 Miller Pleasure railway structure [improvement to 1448763 using Z-rails] 1501060
1501061 7/1924 Miller Pleasure railway construction [steel rail] 1501061
1502699 7/1924 Traubel Amusement railway 1502699
1508319 9/1924 Harris Amusement device 1508319
1508453 9/1924 Hooper Amusement apparatus 1508453
1528154 3/1925 Laden Amusement device [shuttle] 1528154
1536122 5/1925 Miller Pleasure railway structure [simplified track with T-rail] 1536122
1536448 5/1925 Miller Pleasure railway structure [Dare Devil?] 1536448
1546620 7/1925 Church Safety device for coaster cars [upstop plate] 1546620
1546710 7/1925 Bowditch/ Philadelphia Toboggan Coaster car coupling 1546710
1547856 7/1925 Church Coaster coupling 1547856
1562035 11/1925 Miller Pleasure railway car 1562035
1562036 11/1925 Miller Pleasure-railway structure [track] 1562036
1565806 12/1925 Laden Amusement device [improvement to 1528154] 1565806
1582581 4/1926 Darling/ Thompson Scenic Coaster car for pleasure coasters [for children's roller coaster] 1582581
1585605 5/1926 Russo Amusement device 1585605
1589792 6/1926 Darling/ Thompson Scenic Control system and mechanism for amusement coasters 1589792
1593587 7/1926 Miller Pleasure railway structure [cars with sideways seating; flush loading] 1593587
1597491 8/1926 Traver Car for amusement rides 1597491
1603393 10/1926 Malcolm Amusement device 1603393
1605369 11/1926 Miller Truck for pleasure railway cars [sprung suspension] 1605369
1606770 11/1926 Miller Handle bar structure 1606770
1613118 1/1927 Miller Pleasure railway structure [anti-rollback pawls on lift] 1613118
1618272 2/1927 Darling/ Thompson Scenic Coaster for children 1618272
1621337 3/1927 Schmeck/ PTC Coaster-track structure 1621337
1629520 5/1927 Miller Pleasure railway structure 1629520
1633204 6/1927 Bartlett Amusement device 1633204
1642275 9/1927 Strickler/ Dentzel Coaster track structure 1642275
1642276 9/1927 Strickler/ Dentzel Coaster car and track therefor 1642276
1651961 12/1927 I. Miller Amusement gravity suspension railway 1651961
1654670 1/1928 Traver Coaster train 1654670
1656218 1/1928 Miller Pleasure railway car 1656218
1659108 2/1928 Illions Safety bar lock for pleasure railways 1659108
1669347 5/1928 Schmeck/ PTC Gravity-operated coaster [flanged wheels] 1669347
1713793 5/1929 Traver Amusement ride 1713793
1719193 7/1929 Phare Swivel coupling for coaster cars 1719193
1729827 10/1929 Grine Track for roller coaster type of amusement structures 1729827
1741286 12/1929 Church Laminated construction for roller coaster tracks 1741286
1748184 2/1930 Nichols Gravity ride [helical] 1748184
1755030 4/1930 Schmeck/ PTC Track construction 1755030
1767627 6/1930 Traver Amusement railway [electric shocks] 1767627
1796619 3/1931 Phare Universal coupling between sections of coaster cars 1796619
1805266 5/1931 Traver Amusement coaster railway [Zips] 1805266
1806102 5/1931 Traver Amusement ride [Cyclone] 1806102
1814969 7/1931 Schmeck Amusement car 1814969
1823010 9/1931 Traver Amusement ride 1823010
1825468 9/1931 Miller Pleasure railway structure [simplified track structure] 1825468
1827162 10/1931 Miller Brake structure [squeeze brake improvement] 1827162
1839054 12/1931 Schmeck Amusement car 1839054
1847733 3/1932 Traver Track rail support 1847733
1881151 10/1932 Traver Car for amusement rides 1881151
1959944 5/1934 Bartlett Amusement device [Flying Turns] 1959944
2048215 7/1936 R. Miller Gravity coaster 2048215
D110403 7/1938 Schmidt Park train body D110403
D111876 10/1938 Hanna Coaster slide D111876
2221414 11/1940 Schmidt Amusement park safety device [car tops to prevent standing] 2221414
2310039 2/1943 Schmidt et al Interlocking indicating and control device for amusement park rides 2310039
2422416 6/1947 Humphrey Safety brake for roller coasters 2422416
2435471 2/1948 Schmidt Safety device for amusement park rides 2435471
2498450 2/1950 Pewitt Pleasure railway 2498450
2539360 1/1951 Bartlett Amusement ride car [improved car for Flying Turns] 2539360
2563075 8/1951 Schmidt Brake system for amusement park rides 2563075
2595992 5/1952 Tapp & Davey/ County Commercial Cars Amusement track apparatus [inclination controlled by third rail] 2595992
2642005 6/1953 Cooper Drive system for roller coasters [chain in station] 2642005
2674957 4/1954 Miler Amusement device running on tracks [trailered trains] 2674957
D189828 2/1961 Bacon & Morgan/ Disneyland Amusement ride car D189828
3114332 12/1963 Bacon & Morgan/ Disney Bobsled amusement ride [Matterhorn Bobsleds] 3114332
3167024 1/1965 Bacon & Morgan/ Disney Bobsled amusement ride 3167024
3172629 3/1965 Gilman/ Disney Safety control system 3172629
D218246 8/1970 House Spiral amusement ride [Toboggan] D218246
3631805 1/1972 Schwarzkopf Amusement device [Jet Star I] 3631805
3710725 1/1973 Pinfari & Begotti/ Pinfari Apparatus for performing embarking and disembarking operations in amusement park attractions 3710725
3780665 12/1973 Lohr/ Marx Roller coaster 3780665
3791305 2/1974 Matelan Roller coaster 3791305
3855936 12/1974 Schwarzkopf Motorized roller-coaster car 3855936
3889605 6/1975 Bacon/ Arrow Amusement ride with a vehicle track portion following the shape of a helix [corkscrew] 3889605
3908554 9/1975 Schwarzkopf Self-propelled amusement-park rail vehicle 3908554
3941060 3/1976 Mohrsbach Monorail system 3941060
3949680 4/1976 Doughty Vehicle track and vehicle 3949680
4005877 2/1977 Humphries/ Arrow Vehicle passenger restraint mechanism 4005877
4093080 6/1978 Schwarzkopf Vehicular train 4093080
4165695 8/1979 Schwarzkopf Amusement ride with vertical track loop [Shuttle Loop] 4165695
4170943 10/1979 Achrekar Roller coaster assembly 4170943
4270458 6/1981 Schwartzkopf [sic] Overhead track assembly for amusement-park ride 4270458
4270459 6/1981 Schwarzkopf Chain-type ascent system for roller coaster 4270459
4271762 6/1981 Wiegand Pleasure vehicle and a transportation system utilizing the same [Alpine Slide] 4271762
4359946 11/1982 Marvin Elevated downhill transport system [zipline-type] 4359946
4361094 11/1982 Schwarzkopf Drive member for rail-type amusement-ride car 4361094
4520732 6/1985 Schwarzkopf Amusement ride [suspended] 4520732
4531459 7/1985 Yamada/ Togo Standing position support apparatus for amusement vehicle 4531459
4548136 10/1985 Yamada/ Togo Track-traveling four-wheel vehicle 4548136
D285330 8/1986 Okamoto/ Meisho Vehicle for a roller coaster D285330
4682547 7/1987 Schwarzkopf Amusement ride with vehicles supported by universally hinged wheel groups 4682547
4693183 9/1987 Potzsch Track system for a passenger-accommodating vehicle as part of a rollercoaster 4693183
4700632 10/1987 Schmutz/ Giovanola & Intamin Device to retain roller coaster passengers in standing position 4700632
4724771 2/1988 Yamada/ Togo Closed-loop amusement ride system [Ultratwister] 4724771
4831937 5/1989 Yamada/ Togo Amusement ride device [vehicle for Ultratwister] 4831937
D317642 6/1991 Hashimoto/ Midgety Car for a roller coaster D317642
5193462 3/1993 Marcu Tubular roller coaster 5193462
5218910 6/1993 Mesmer et al Roller coaster with pheumatic [sic] conforming seats and prone passenger arrangement to enhance the thrill of the ride 5218910
5272984 12/1993 Bolliger & Mabillard Amusement ride of the roller coaster type [inverted] 5272984
5325790 7/1994 Drayer/ Mack Rollback-preventing apparatus for a rail vehicle 5325790
5433153 7/1995 Yamada/ Togo Amusement track ride system with helical spinning section 5433153
5463962 11/1995 Gnezdilov Roller coaster 5463962
5529382 6/1996 Burkat/ Disney Passenger restraint system 5529382
5669821 9/1997 Prather & Headrick Video augmented amusement rides 5669821
5715756 2/1998 Weigand et al/ Universal Ride attraction anti-roll back system 5715756
5738017 4/1998 Behringer/ Mack Rail vehicle reverse movement prevention assembly 5738017
5758582 6/1998 Gnezdilov Device for restraining people on a moving unit 5758582
5784473 7/1998 Ferren/ Disney Sound system [for roller coaster] 5784473
5791254 8/1998 Mares & Gorman/ Meteoro Full range of motion roller coaster 5791254
5813350 9/1998 Ochi/ Oriental Sangyo Amusement ride with track 5813350
5947030 9/1999 Spieldiener Amusement device in the form of a roller coaster, a monorail or the like [anti-rollback] 5947030
5979333 11/1999 Houben & Clerx/ Verkoma [sic] Amusement device and vehicle suitable for being used in such an amusement device [Flying Dutchman] 5979333
5996505 12/1999 Ochi/ Oriental Sangyo Amusement ride with track 5996505
6047645 4/2000 Cornwall/ Setpoint Truss track assembly and side mount roller coaster vehicle 6047645
6062350 5/2000 Spieldiener et al Braking system for an amusement device [eddy current brake] 6062350
6093266 7/2000 Mollee Wheel body 6093266
6105356 8/2000 Capstick et al/ Renold PLC Drive chain 6105356
6158354 12/2000 Eiraku/ Hoei Sangyo Roller coaster [Sledge Hammer] 6158354
6170402 1/2001 Rude & Jelf/ Universal Roller coaster control system [for timing near miss illusion on dueling or racing coasters] 6170402
6170403 1/2001 Behringer/ Mack Boat for spill water raft rides [flume/coaster combination] 6170403
6176788 1/2001 Checketts Track-mounted ride powered by compressed gas [Thrust Air 2000] 6176788
6220171 4/2001 Hettema et al/ Universal Amusement ride [substantially enclosed vehicle for themed roller coaster] 6220171
6269749 8/2001 Hogg Cantilevered roller coaster system [with passenger compartment remote from track] 6269749
6269750 8/2001 Cornwell et al/ Setpoint Truss track assembly and side mount roller coaster vehicle 6269750
6287211 9/2001 Bolliger & Mabillard Installation for amusement park [T-bar passenger restraint system] 6287211
6293376 9/2001 Pribonic/ Magnetar Apparatus including eddy current braking system 6293376
6302029 9/2001 Distelrath/ Maurer Vehicle for fairground rides [mechanism for rotating car] 6302029
6311469 11/2001 Christmas/ Renold Drive chain 6311469
6327979 12/2001 Ochi/ Oriental Sangyo Amusement ride with track 6327979
6341564 1/2002 Ochi/ Oriental Sangyo Amusement ride with track 6341564
6342016 1/2002 Parker Waterfall diverter 6342016
6348004 2/2002 Houben Amusement device comprising a carriage which can be moved over a guide [lift mechanism for Invertigo] 6348004
6352034 3/2002 Bolliger & Mabillard Installation for amusement park, installation referred to as roller coaster [floorless coaster] 6352034
6375243 4/2002 Bradley & Parent/ Wheel Thing Wheel assembly for a roller coaster 6375243
6397755 6/2002 Kamler/ Ride Factory Amusement ride [pressurized gas launch] 6397755
6397756 6/2002 Saiko et al Amusement device [cable lift system] 6397756
6405655 6/2002 Clerx & Preters/ Vekoma Amusement device [flying coaster variant] 6405655
6412611 7/2002 Pribonic/ Magentar Eddy current brake system with dual use conductor fin [fin also engageable by conventional friction brakes] 6412611
6439129 8/2002 Begotti Launching system for passenger units in equipments for amusement parks, such as roller-coasters or the like
[application 2001/0023649]
6439129
6487975 12/2002 Gordon Roller coaster car having a force-isolated passenger compartment 6487975
6513441 2/2003 Clerx & Peeters/ Vekoma Amusement devices as well as a holder suitable for such amusement devices [flying coaster: prone or supine seat and restraint] 6513441
6523479 2/2003 Schilke et al/ S&S-Arrow Amusement rides and methods [4th Dimension] 6523479
6523650 2/2003 Pribonic & Thompson/ Magnetar Permanent magnet eddy brake with flux-steering poles 6523650
6533083 3/2003 Pribonic & Thompson/ Magnetar Eddy current braking apparatus 6533083
6550393 4/2003 Stengel Wooden rail for a ride as well as a method for fabricating and mounting such a wooden rail
[application 2001/0003261]
6550393
6561916 5/2003 Mehrman & Kleimeyer Rapid-winding winch for amusement ride
[application 2002/0100642]
6561916
6598919 7/2003 Bradley & Parent/ Wheel Thing Wheel assembly for a roller coaster
[application 2003/0098606]
6598919
6606953 8/2003 Mares/ Meteoro Amusement ride [rollercoaster with seats rotatable about transverse axis]
[application 2003/0041769]
6606953
6622634 9/2003 Cylvick Amusement ride employing a suspended tensioned static cable [zipline]
[application 2003/0066453]
6622634
6629500 10/2003 Hansen Open-course coaster with two vertical end segments 6629500
6659237 12/2003 Pribonic/ Magnetar Eddy current brake [adjustable] 6659237
6659897 12/2003 Christmas/ Renold Chain drive assembly
[application 2002/0065160]
6659897
6666773 12/2003 Richardson Downhill zip line thrill ride system 6666773
6679182 1/2004 Spieldiener et al Amusement device [hydromotor catapult for roller coaster]
[application 2003/0019388]
6679182
6695291 2/2004 Kleimeyer & Mehrman Rapid-winding winch for amusement ride [launch mechanism for vertical ride, rollercoaster, etc.]
[application 2002/0193170]
6695291
6733398 5/2004 Clerx/ Vekoma Amusement device [improved prone or supine passenger restraint system]
[application 2004/0092323]
6733398
6746335 6/2004 Kleimeyer & Mehrmann Rapid-winding winch power plant and associated amusement rides [for roller coaster launch, vertical ride, bungee ride, etc.]
[application 2002/0128083]
6746335
6755749 6/2004 Stengel Free-fall tower for a roller coaster
[application 2002/0103033]
6755749
6758144 7/2004 Raidt Fun vehicle and bob, toboggan or roller coaster run for using the same [Bobcoaster]
[application 2003/0089265]
6758144
6792873 9/2004 Gnezdilov Big dipper [inverted coaster] 6792873
6837166 1/2005 Roodenburg & De Vin Rollercoaster launch system 6837166
6840179 1/2005 Begotti/ Ride Tek Amusement devices, such as roller-coasters [train arrangement in which each row of passengers is seated higher than in the preceding rows]
[application 2004/0099174]
6840179
6854396 2/2005 Roodenburg & De Vin Rollercoaster launch system
[application 2004/0083921]
6854396
6857373 2/2005 Checketts et al Variably curved track-mounted amusement ride [Screaming Squirrel]
[application 2004/0060470]
6857373
6935667 8/2005 Bradley et al/ Wheel Thing
[application 2003/0205909]
Wheels for a wheeled vehicle 6935667
6941872 9/2005 Roodenburg & Clerx/ Vekoma Amusement device [variation on tilt coaster]
[application 2005/0098056]
6941872
6971316 12/2005 Hansen et al Restraint
[application 2004/0049897]
6971316
D529119 9/2006 Zamperla & Nardin Amusement ride [motorbike coaster] D529119
7131382 11/2006 Gordon Wooden track roller coaster having a passenger carrier with suspended seats
[application 2005/0274275]
7131382
7159520 1/2007 Casey et al/ Universal Amusement ride vehicle including an articulation joint
[application 2006/0065151]
7159520
7192010 3/2007 Roodenburg & De Vin/ Vekoma Rollercoaster launch system
[application 2005/0045861]
7192010
D537899 3/2007 Zamperla & Nardin Amusement ride [motorbike coaster] D537899
D550802 9/2007 Zamperla & Boifava Amusement ride [motorbike coaster] D550802
D552704 10/2007 Zamperla & Nardin Amusement ride [motorbike coaster] D552704
7351154 4/2008 Müller & Beutler/ Maurer Fun-ride and a method for the operation of a fun-ride
[application 2005/0288109]
7351154
D567893 4/2008 Zamperla & Boifava Amusement ride [motorbike coaster] D567893
7377369 5/2008 Mabillard/ Bolliger & Mabillard Brake, vehicle and roller coaster circuit [water brake]
[application 2005/0077125]
7377369
7430966 10/2008 Mabillard & Bolliger Brake, vehicle and roller coaster circuit [water brake]
[application 2005/0211511]
7430966
7594473 9/2009 Kitchen & Chance Wheel hub rider conveyance
[application 2007/0010336]
7594473
7610859 11/2009 Dietrich Carriage rotatable roller coaster tracks and vehicles 7610859
D604791 11/2009 Zamperla & Boifava Amusement ride [motorcycle seating] D604791
7632191 12/2009 Zambelli & Zamperla Seat for amusement apparatus
[application 2005/0001466]
7632191
7640862 1/2010 Zamperla Roller coaster [passenger carrier for Volare]
[application 2007/0199474]
7640862
7677179 3/2010 Payne/ Disney Vehicle and track system for flying corner amusement park rides
[application 2009/0193997]
7677179
7677671 3/2010 Steininger & Kraus/ Zierer Passenger restraint apparatus for funfair rides
[application 2008/0179937]
7677671
7739958 6/2010 Gordon Multi-track multi-vehicle interactive roller coaster
[application 2007/0089631]
7739958
7743710 6/2010 Gordon Roller coaster maintenance vehicle
[application 2009/0095190]
7743710
7762895 7/2010 Zamperla & Nardin Amusement apparatus with movable floor portion
[application 2008/0081706]
7762895
7770522 8/2010 Müller & Gettert/ Maurer Security arrangement for person transporting systems such as fun-rides
[application 2006/0017271]
7770522
7770523 8/2010 Kovac Interactive amusement park attraction vehicle [ball coaster]
[application 2007/0089633]
7770523
7784408 8/2010 Müller/ Maurer Ride [non-inverting vertical loop]
[application 2009/0013895]
7784408
7802522 9/2010 Gordon Multi-track multi-vehicle roller coaster with special effects
[application 2007/0089632]
7802522
7836829 11/2010 Burger/ Mack Rail-bound vehicle for an amusement park ride
[application 2008/0110366]
7836829
7914384 3/2011 Roodenburg & Philippen/ Vekoma Amusement device [seat restraint]
[application 2008/0143158]
7914384
7950333 5/2011 Crawford et al/ Disney Passive magnetic levitation ride for amusement parks
[application 2009/0229487]
7950333
7980181 7/2011 Heaslip & Cummins/ Manchester Securities Drag racing roller coaster amusement ride and launch system
[application 2009/0031913]
7980181
7987793 8/2011 Blonk & Roodenburg/ Vekoma Amusement ride device [standup restraint system]
[application 2010/0236444]
7987793
8020493 9/2011 Blum/ Universal Track-switching device and method
[application 2010/0163688]
8020493
8020494 9/2011 Smith et al/ Disney Anti-roll back assembly with linear magnetic positioning
[application 2011/0120340]
8020494
8028521 10/2011 Boeijen et al/ Bosch Rexroth Hydraulic catapult drive
[application 2009/0100829]
8028521
8066576 11/2011 Threlkel Amusement ride [multiple axes of rotation]
[application 2009/0126596]
8066576
8117968 2/2012 Rose & Crawford/ Disney Magnetic pacer for controlling speeds in amusement park rides
[application 2009/0114114]
8117968
8308232 11/2012 Zamperla & Nardin Seat for amusement apparatus [motorcycle position restraint]
[application 2005/0197195]
8308232
8328651 12/2012 Howard/ Disney Roller coaster vehicle [withdrawn]
[application 2011/0319178]
8328651
8360893 1/2013 Howard/ Disney Roller coaster vehicle
[application 2011/0319178]
8360893
8375863 2/2013 Roodenburg & Clerx/ Vekoma Amusement ride installation [launch system]
[application 2010/0207083]
8375863
8393275 3/2013 Jacobi & Checketts/ S & S Worldwide Longitudinally spinning suspension roller coaster
[application 2010/0326312]
8393275
8453576 6/2013 Roodenburg & Clerx/ Vekoma Rollercoaster amusement device [flying position]
[application 2011/0048274]
8453577 6/2013 Gordon Roller coaster maintenance vehicle and methods of use
[application 2010/0224098]
8453578 6/2013 Beutler Coaster
[application 2011/0017092]

Roller Coaster-Related Patent Applications

In accordance with international standards, most patent applications are now published approximately 18 months after filing, unless the patent has been granted within that time period.

application number publication date inventor/ assignee document title [comment]
2002/0070599 6/2002 Berra Device for locking the legs of a passenger in a seat
2002/0162477 11/2002 Palumbo Dual cable zipline having mechanical ascension and braking systems
2003/0203759 10/2003 Begotti/ Ride Tek Mechanized structures for the launch of cars in installations for amusement parks such as, for instance, roller coasters or similar attractions
2004/0055836 3/2004 Pribonic & Thompson/ Magnetar Eddy current braking apparatus with adjustable braking force
2004/0083922 5/2004 Gnezdilov Guideway for transport means
2004/0198502 10/2004 Richardson Downhill zip line thrill ride system
2004/0231553 11/2004 Distelrath et al Amusement device [track features involving moving rails]
2005/0061192 3/2005 Roodenburg & Vin Booster system [for launched roller coaster]
2005/0150415 5/2005 Beutler & Muller/ Maurer Roller-coaster with a vertical climb
2005/0178283 8/2005 Checketts et al Variably curved track-mounted amusement ride [Screaming Squirrel]
2006/0027134 2/2006 Steele et al/ Ziptrek Ecotours Zipline braking and motion-arrest system
2006/0085107 4/2006 Hoffmann & Seifert/ Innova Tram with gravity driven vehicles and method for controlling the operation of the tram
2006/0137563 6/2006 Cummins Multi-capacity amusement ride
2006/0178221 8/2006 Threlkel Amusement ride [passenger carrier with 2 or 3 axes of rotation]
2006/0288901 12/2006 Cylvick Amusement ride employing a suspended tensioned static cable [zipline]
2006/0293109 12/2006 Zamperla & Nardin Seat for amusement apparatus [motorcycle-position restraint]
2007/0089630 4/2007 Gordon Multi-track multi-vehicle roller coaster
2007/0121957 5/2007 Trowbridge et al/ Universal Amusement ride with rider-selected integrated audio
2007/0270230 11/2007 Zambellini & Zamperla Seat for amusement apparatus
2008/0051205 2/2008 Roodenburg & De Vin/ Vekoma Amusement ride installation [launched roller coaster]
2008/0173208 7/2008 Heinrich Ride operation, in particular a roller-coaster
2008/0202374 8/2008 Muller & Beutler/ Maurer Amusement park ride and method for operating an amusement park ride
2008/0300730 12/2008 Cleary Roller-ball roller coaster
2009/0031914 2/2009 Hahn & Eberhardt/ Wiegand Backward motion stop
2009/0064889 3/2009 Muller/ Maurer Fairground ride, safety system, method for operating a fairground ride, and method for recovering a car in a fairground ride [redundant lift system]
2009/0078148 3/2009 Cylvick Suspended coaster rail apparatus and method
2009/0120319 5/2009 Muller & Beutler/ Maurer Fairground ride [inverted, with rotating seat assemblies]
2010/0026484 2/2010 King et al System and method for controlling a vehicle on fixed path
2010/0275809 11/2010 Zamperla Roller coaster [passenger carrier]
2011/0056407 3/2011 Roodenburg & Ekelaar/ Vekoma Amusement device and propelling method for propelling a passenger carrier of such amusement device
2011/0146528 6/2011 Schilke et al Rolling vehicle track [I-Box track and method of fabrication]
2011/0177870 7/2011 Beutler/ Maurer Lighting for wheels [Fire Wheels]
2011/0265679 11/2011 Smith et al/ Disney Anti-roll back assembly with linear magnetic positioning
2011/0319179 12/2011 Howard/ Disney Roller coaster vehicle
2012/0042802 2/2012 Schmidt & Schmidt Coaster design
2012/0304884 12/2012 Urich & Jakob/ Maurer Transport system having a positive drive
2013/0019771 1/2013 Gmeinwieser et al Roller coaster ride element with movement in a second driving direction
2013/0025492 1/2013 Crawford et al/ Disney Roller coaster with articulable seat backs
2013/0032053 2/2013 Stoker Hybrid motion ride and ride simulator vehicle [using enclosed car on roller coaster]

Backyard Coasters

patent number issue date inventor/ assignee patent title [comment] google link
1101761 6/1914 Sherer Rolling coaster 1101761
1427775 8/1922 Black Amusement device 1427775
1728332 9/1929 Christy Combination coaster and slide 1728332
1852384 4/1932 Wallin Coaster and track therefor 1852384
2318958 5/1943 Murphy Amusement device [portable] 2318958
2664053 12/1953 Eckbreth Amusement device 2664053

Last revised 4-June-2013

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