The History of Art Education Time Line 1990-1999
Decades of art education history in contexts of schooling and artworlds

Year
Events
1990
  • Alex Ross begins creating fully painted comic books. His nearly photo-realistic art style begins to bring comics to a wider audience. The comics he illustrates are even sold in traditionally non-comic book sstores. Ross is quickly becoming an artist to study, as even the mainstream world is taking notice of his work. Recently, Ross painted the poster for the 2002 Academy Awards. [Livio Ramondelli, Spring 2002]
1993
  • The Palmer Museum of Art opens on the Penn State University campus in 1993. The Palmer features a collection of 35 centuries of paintings, sculptures, ceramics, and works on paper from the United States, Europe, Asia, and South America. The museum offers talks on exhibitions, lectures, films, concerts, and other special programs.[Megan Grunthaner, Spring 2002]
1994
  • The Andy Warhol Museum opens in Pittsburgh, PA. The museum features an extensive permanent collection of one of America's most influential artists. It is also a wonderful primary resource for information on contemporary art and popular culture. [Shana Siegel, Spring 2002]
1996
  • The Crayola Factory was opened on July 16th. It is located in Easton, Pennsylvania, which is also where the company first made its home in 1902 and has stayed ever since. This factory provides real and virtual tours via the Internet. On these tours you can learn about how crayons and markers are made, along with other useful facts. There is also a Crayola store near the factory. This factory is a great way to let consumers really get to know the processes that the company undertakes to create their beloved products. It allows children to understand more about the materials they are using and may perhaps spark their interest in the arts even further. [Becky Lee Mooney, Spring 2002]
1997
  • The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum opens in Bilbao, Spain. Frank Gehry designed the building with elements of sculpture and architecture as one. The museum has a permanent collection as well as a number of special exhibitions that take place at various times. Art educators and students can not only learn from the exhibits but marvel on the exterior of the building as well. [Rhonda Montgomery, Spring 2002]
  • Sister Wendy Beckett first shared her love of European paintings with public television viewers in 1997 on PBS. Sister Wendy then was on her way to becoming one of the most unlikely, note-worthy art critics of this century. [Elizabeth Garlena, Spring 2002]
  • Painting by Numbers, Komar and Melamid's scientific guide to art is printed. This book, written by Vitaly Komar and Alexander Melamid, attempts to define fine art, its critics, and its audience through use of "scientific" market research polling. Researchers began in 1993 by calling and asking Americans from the 48 contiguous states what they liked and disliked about fine art. Researchers also asked what preferences the Americans had for specific artistic conventions such as brush strokes, colors and realism. International organizations aided the authors by asking the same sets of questions to people from 10 other countries across Europe, Africa and Asia. This research was done to determine the qualities of the various countries' least and most wanted paintings. The book, which stems from this research, sums up the findings and provides a picture of each of the countries' least wanted and most wanted paintings. The results of the study are put forth as standards of fine art that are accepted by the masses, a "people's art" of sorts. [Hillary Cook, Fall 2002]
  • The Glory of Byzantium exhibition is held at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. Byzantium refers to the eastern Roman empire, which stretched from eastern Europe to the middle east, with Constantinople as the capital city. The show addresses the spread of Byzantine art during the empire's second golden age, from roughly 843 to 1261, as well as the influences of Byzantium on Western art. Due to the multitude of cultures encompassed within the empire, the exhibition also illustrates the diversity of Byzantine art. The exhibition's highlights include a miniature tesserae mosaic, illuminated manuscripts, and rarely loaned iconoclastic pieces from monasteries in Greece and Egypt. A total of four hundred thousand visitors viewed the exhibit, which is noteworthy because that number is equal to the population of Constantinople at the height of the empire. [Jon Doutt, Fall 2002]
  • The new billion-dollar J. Paul Getty Museum in Los Angeles opens to the public on December 16, 1997. After his death, Getty, a prominent art collector and a billionaire as the result of Oklahoma oil leases, left his fortune to the completely surprised staff of the already-existing Getty Villa. The trustees of the museum used the funds to create a massive Getty Center of which the museum is the only part open to the public. Other parts of the Center include the Research, Conservation, Information, Education, and Leadership Institutes that further advance scholarship in the arts. The Getty Education Institute for the Arts created the Discipline-Based Art Education program that has since been adopted across the country at all educational levels. DBAE focuses the learning of art evenly on its making, criticism, history and aesthetics. [Erin Whitworth, Fall 2002]