The following sources focus on the art during the 20th century when art was pillaged, censored, destroyed and hidden in Europe and in Russia.




Akinsha, Konstantin, and Grigorii Kozlov. Beautiful Loot. New York: Random House, 1995.

Barron, Stephanie, ed. Degenerate Art: The Fate of the Avant-Garde in Nazi Germany.

Los Angeles County Museum of Art. New York: Abrams, 1991.

Barron, Stephanie, Ed. German Expressionism, 1915-1925. The Second Generation.

Los Angeles County Museum of Art.New York: te Neues Publishing Company, 1988.

Bischoff, Ulrich. Edward Munch. Germany: Benedikt Taschen, 1990.

Felstiner, Mary Lowenthal. To Paint Her Life. Charlottte Salomon in the Nazi Era. New York: Harper,1994.

Fenelon, Fania. Playing for Time. New York: Atheneum, 1977.

Hughes, Robert. The Shock of The New: Art and the Century of Change. New York: Knopf, 1991.

Lehmann-Haupt, Hellmutt. Art Under a Dictatorship. New York: Oxford, 1954.

Lewis, Beth Irwin. George Grosz, Art and Politics in the Weimar Republic.

Wisconsin, University of Wisconsin Press, 1971.

Llyod, Jill. German Expressionism, Primitivism and Modernity.New Haven: Yale University Press, 1991.

Nicholas, Lynn H. The Rape of Europa. New York: Knopf, 1994.

Nolde, Emil. The Forbidden Pictures.

Owens, Alison. Frauen, German Women Recall the Third Reich. New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 1995.

Paret, Peter, Beth Irwin Lewis, and Paul Paret. Persuasive Images.New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1992.

Prelinger,Elizabeth. Kathe Kollwitz. National Gallery of Art Exhibition Catalog.

New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992.

Rittner, Carol and John Roth, ed. Different Voices, Women and the Holocaust. New York: Paragon, 1993.

Rothschild-Boros, Monica. In the Shadow of the Tower: The Works of Joseph Nassy, 1942-1945.

Exhibition catalog. Severin Wunderman, 1989.

Swiebock, Teresa, ed. Auschwitz, A History in Photographs. Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1995.

Schwertfeger, Ruth, ed. Women of Theresienstadt, Voices from a Concentration Camp.

New York: Berg Publishers Ltd., 1989.

Sereny, Gitta. Into That Darkness. New York: McGraw, 1974.

Swiebock, Teresa, ed. Auschwitz, A History in Photographs. Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1995.

Treve, Wilhelm, translated by Basil Creighton. Art Plunder, The Fate of Works of Art in War and Unrest.

New York: The John Day Company, 1961.

Walther, Ingo and Metzger, Rainer. Marc Chagall, Painting as Poetry. Germany: Benedikt Taschen,1987.

Willet, John. Art and Politcs in the Weimar Period. New York: Pantheon Books, 1978.


Articles and Periodicals


Akinsha, Konstantin. "Moscow: The Secret Depositories Slowly Open." ARTnews 91 (April 1992): 48-50.

__________. "A Soviet-German Excahnge of War Tresures?" ARTnews 90 (May 1991): 134-39.

__________. "The Turmoil over Soviet War Treasures." ARTnews 90 (December 1991): 110-115.

Akinsha, Konstantin, and Grigorri Kozlov. "Soviet War Treasures: A Growing Controversy." ARTnews 90 (September 1991):112-119.

__________. "Spoils of War - The Soviet Union's Hidden Art Treasures." ARTnews 90 (April 1991): 130-141.

__________. "To Return or Not Return." ARTnews 93 (October 1994): 154-59.

Hughes, Robert. "A Cultural Gift from Hitler." TIME (March 24, 1997): 50-53.

Plagens, Peter. "The Spoils of War." NEWSWEEK ( March 30, 1998): 60-62.