Philip Jenkins

Baylor University



Working Bibliography, including many works I agree with, and some I don’t …


Leslie Alcock, Dinas Powys (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1963)

Martyn Allen, Lisa Lodwick, Tom Brindle (et al), The Rural Economy of Roman Britain: New Visions of the Countryside of Roman Britain Volume 2 (Oxbow Books/ Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies 2017)

Miranda Althouse-Green and Ray Howell, Celtic Wales (University of Wales Press; 2nd Revised edition 2017)

Miranda Althouse-Green, Sacred Britannia: The Gods and Rituals of Roman Britain (Thames and Hudson 2018)

Elizabeth Archibald and Ad Putter, eds., The Cambridge Companion to the Arthurian Legend (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009).

Philip Barker, Roger White, Kate Pretty, Heather Bird and Mike Corbishley, The Baths Basilica Wroxeter (London: English Heritage, 1997)

Anthony A. Barrett, “Saint Germanus and the British Missions,” Britannia 40 (2009), 197-218

S. R. Bassett, ed., The Origins Of The Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms (Leicester University Press, 1989)

Guy de la Bédoyère, Roman Britain (Thames and Hudson 2010)

Guy de la Bédoyère, The Real Lives of Roman Britain (Yale University Press, 2015)

Tyler Bell, The Religious Reuse of Roman Structures in Early Medieval England (Archaeopress, 2005)

John Blair, Building Anglo-Saxon England (Princeton University Press, 2018)

Claire Breay and Joanna Story, eds., Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms: Art, Word, War (British Library, 2018)

Andrew Breeze, “The Name of King Arthur,” Mediaevistik 28(2015): 23-35


R.W. Burgess, 'The Dark Ages Return to Fifth-Century Britain: The 'Restored' Gallic Chronicle Exploded', Britannia 21, (1990), 185-195


Ewan C. Campbell, Continental and Mediterranean Imports to Atlantic Britain and Ireland, AD 400-800 (CBA Research Reports 157) (York: Council for British Archaeology, 2007)


Ewan Campbell and Christopher Bowles, “Byzantine Trade to the Edge of the World,” in Marlia Mundell Mango, ed., Byzantine Trade, 4th-12th Centuries: The Archaeology of Local, Regional and International Exchange (Routledge, 2016)


Cristian Capelli, et al, "A Y Chromosome Census of the British Isles," Current Biology 13 (11)(2003) 979–984.

T.M. Charles–Edwards, Wales and the Britons 350-1064 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013)

Andy Coghlan, “Ancient Invaders Transformed Britain, But Not Its DNA,” New Scientist  18 March 2015, at


A.S. Esmonde Cleary, "The Roman to Medieval Transition" in Britons and Romans: advancing an archaeological agenda. ed. S. James & M. Millett, (York: Council for British Archaeology, 2001)


A.S. Esmond Cleary, The Ending of Roman Britain, (London: Batsford, 1989)


A.S. Esmond Cleary, The Roman West AD 200-500 (Cambridge University Press, 2013)


Rob Collins, Hadrian’s Wall and the End of Empire: The Roman Frontier in the 4th and 5th Centuries (Routledge 2012)


Rob Collins, AD 410: The History and Archaeology of Late and Post-Roman Britain (Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies, 2014)


Rob Collins and James Gerrard, eds. Debating Late Antiquity in Britain AD 300-700 (Oxford: British Archaeological Review, 2004)


H. E. M. Cool, “Which ‘Romans’; What ‘Home’? The Myth of the ‘End of Roman Britain,” in Fiona K. Haarer, ed., AD 410: The History and Archaeology of Late and Post-Roman Britain (London: Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies, 2014)


Pam J. Crabtree, Early Medieval Britain: The Rebirth of Towns in the Post-Roman West (Cambridge University Press 2018)


Ken Dark, Britain and the End of the Roman Empire, (Stroud: Tempus, 2000)


Kenneth Dark, Civitas to Kingdom: British Continuity 300-800 (Leicester University Press, 1993)

Oliver Davies, Celtic Christianity in Early Medieval Wales (University of Wales Press, 1996)


Wendy Davies, Wales in the Early Middle Ages (University of Leicester Press, 1982)


Wendy Davies, An Early Welsh Microcosm: Studies in the Llandaff Charters (London: Royal Historical Society, 1978)

Wendy Davies, "The Celtic Kingdoms" in The New Cambridge Medieval History, Volume I, c.500-c.700. ed. Paul Fouracre, (Cambridge University Press, 2005)


Wendy Davies, Welsh History in the Early Middle Ages: Texts and Societies (Farnham: Ashgate Publishing, 2009)

Wendy Davies, Patterns of Power in Early Wales (New York: Oxford University Press, 1990)

Simon Denison (2000) "Gemstone evidence for late Roman survival: jewel points to trade between North Wales and the Byzantine Empire" British Archaeology 52

David N. Dumville, “Sub-Roman Britain: History and Legend,” History 62 (1977) 173–192

Bruce Eagles, From Roman Civitas to Anglo-Saxon Shire: Topographical Studies on the Formation of Wessex (Oxbow Books, 2018).

Fiona Edmonds and Paul Russell, eds., Tome : Studies in Medieval Celtic History and Law in Honour of Thomas Charles-Edwards (Woodbridge, Suffolk: The Boydell Press, 2011.

Nancy Edwards and Alan Lane, eds., Early Medieval Settlements in Wales AD 400-1100 (Cardiff: University College of Wales, Department of Archaeology, 1988)

Nancy Edwards, The Archaeology of Early Medieval Ireland (University of Pennsylvania 1990)

Nancy Edwards, and Alan Lane, eds., The Early Church in Wales and the West (Oxbow, 1992)

Nancy Edwards, ed., The Archaeology of the Early Medieval Celtic Churches (Society for Medieval Archaeology Monographs) (Routledge 2009)

Nancy Edwards, Roy Flechner and Maire ni Mhaonaigh, Transforming Landscapes of Belief in the Early Medieval Insular World and Beyond: Converting the Isles II (Brepols 2017)

Stephen S. Evans, The Lords of Battle: Image and Reality of the Comitatus in Dark-Age Britain (Boydell and Brewer 1997)

Neil Faulkner, The Decline and Fall of Roman Britain (Tempus, 2001)

Roy Flechner, Saint Patrick Retold: The Legend and History of Ireland's Patron Saint (Princeton University Press, 2019)

Roy Flechner and M. Ní Mhaonaigh, eds., The Introduction of Christianity into the Early Medieval Insular World: Converting the Isles I (Brepols 2016)

Robin Fleming, Britain after Rome: The Fall and Rise, 400-1070 (London: Allen Lane, 2010)

Robert Flierman, Saxon Identities, AD 150–900 (Bloomsbury 2017)


Paul Fouracre, “Britain, Ireland, and Europe, c.500-c.750,” in Pauline Stafford, ed., A Companion To The Early Middle Ages: Britain and Ireland c.500-1100 (Wiley-Blackwell, 2009), 126-42

W.H.C. Frend, “Ecclesia Britannica: Prelude or Dead End?” Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 30 (1979): 129–144.

Michael Fulford and Neil Holbrook, The Towns of Roman Britain (Oxbow Books/ Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies 2015)

Michael Fulford,  Amanda Clarke and Hella Eckardt, Life and Labour in Late Roman Silchester: Excavations in Insula IX since 1997 (Oxbow Books/ Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies 2006)

Andrew Gardner, An Archaeology of Identity: Soldiers and Society in Late Roman Britain (Routledge 2007)

Vincent L. Gaffney, R. H. White, H. Goodchild, Wroxeter, the Cornovii, and the Urban Process: Final Report on the Wroxeter Hinterland Project 1994-1997. Vol. 1, Researching the Hinterland (Portsmouth, R.I.:  Journal of Roman Archaeology, 2007)

Karen George, Gildas's De Excidio Britonum and the Early British Church (Woodbridge, UK: Boydell Press, 2009)

James Gerrard, The Ruin of Roman Britain: An Archaeological Perspective (Cambridge University Press, 2013)

Caitlin R. Green, Britons and Anglo-Saxons: Lincolnshire AD 400-650 (History of Lincolnshire Committee, 2012)

Caitlin Green, “Anglo-Saxon or sub-Roman: what should we call Lincolnshire in the fifth and sixth centuries?” at

Fiona K. Haarer, ed., AD 410: The History and Archaeology of Late and Post-Roman Britain (London: Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies, 2014)

Guy Halsall, Worlds of Arthur (Oxford University Press, 2013).

Helena Hamerow, David A. Hinton, and Sally Crawford, eds., The Oxford Handbook of Anglo-Saxon Archaeology (Oxford University Press, 2011)

Helena Hamerow, 'The earliest Anglo-Saxon kingdoms' in The New Cambridge Medieval History, I, c.500-c.700. ed. Paul Fouracre, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005).

Helena Hamerow and Arthur MacGregor, eds., Image and Power in the Archaeology of Early Medieval Britain (2001. Oxbow, 2016)

Heinrich Härke, “Kings and warriors: population and landscape from post-Roman to Norman Britain,” in Paul Slack and Ryk Ward, The Peopling Of Britain: The Shaping Of A Human Landscape (Oxford University Press, 2002), 145–175.

Kyle Harper, The Fate of Rome: Climate, Disease, and the End of an Empire (Princeton 2017)

Anthea Harris, Byzantium, Britain and the West (Stroud, Gloucestershire: Tempus, 2003)

Nicholas J. Higham, The English Conquest: Gildas and Britain in the Fifth Century (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1994)

Nicholas J. Higham,, ed., Britons in Anglo-Saxon England (Woodbridge, UK: Boydell Press, 2007)

Nicholas J. Higham, King Arthur: The Making of the Legend (Yale University Press, 2018).

Richard Hingley , Roman Officers and English Gentlemen: The Imperial Origins of Roman Archaeology (Routledge 2013)

Richard Hingley and Christina Unwin, Londinium: A Biography: Roman London from its Origins to the Fifth Century (Bloomsbury 2018)

Brian Hope-Taylor, Yeavering: An Anglo-British Centre of Early Northumbria (London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1977)

Ray Howell, Searching for the Silures: The Iron Age in South-East Wales (History Press, 2009)

Karen Jankulak and Jonathan M. Wooding, eds, Ireland and Wales in the Middle Ages (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2007)

Philip Jenkins, “Cantrefs and Regions in Early Medieval Glamorgan AD 400-1100,” Cambridge Medieval Celtic Studies 15(1988): 31-50.

Philip Jenkins, “Maurice, Son of Theodoric: Welsh Kings and the Mediterranean World, 550-650 AD,” in North American Journal of Welsh Studies, 8(2013),

Michael Jones, The End of Roman Britain, (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1996)

Michael Jones and John Casey, 'The Gallic Chronicle Restored: A Chronology for the Anglo-Saxon Invasions and the End of Roman Britain,” Britannia 19, (1988), 367-98;

Jeremy K. Knight, The End of Antiquity: Archaeology, Society and Religion A.D. 235–700 (Tempus 1999)

Jeremy K. Knight, South Wales from the Romans to the Normans: Christianity, Literacy and Lordship (Amberley 2013)

Jeremy K. Knight, “From Villa to Monastery: Llandough in Context,” Medieval Archaeology 49(2005): 93-107

Malcolm Lambert, Christians and Pagans: The Conversion of Britain from Alban to Bede (Yale University Press, 2010)

Alan Lane, “The End of Roman Britain and the Coming of the Saxons,” in Helen Fulton (ed.) A Companion To Arthurian Literature (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012)


Alan Lane, Ewan Campbell, Justine Bayley, Dunadd: An Early Dalriadic Capital (Oxbow, 2000)

M. Lapidge and D. Dumville, eds., Gildas: New Approaches (Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell 1984)

Stuart Laycock, Britannia - The Failed State (History Press, 2008)

Stuart Laycock, Warlords: The Struggle for Power in Post-Roman Britain (History Press, 2009)

Stephen Leslie, et al, “The Fine-Scale Genetic Structure of the British Population,” Nature 519 (2015), 309–314

Christopher Loveluck and Lloyd Laing, “Britons and Anglo-Saxons,” in The Oxford Handbook of Anglo-Saxon Archaeology, ed. Helena Hamerow, et al. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011)

Mark McKerracher, Farming Transformed in Anglo-Saxon England: Agriculture in the Long Eighth Century (Windgather Press 2018)

Jean Manco, Blood of the Celts (London: Thames & Hudson 2015)

Jean Manco, The Origins of the Anglo-Saxons: Decoding the Ancestry of the English (London: Thames & Hudson 2018)

David Mattingly, An Imperial Possession: Britain in the Roman Empire, 54 BC - AD 409 (London: Allen Lane, 2006).

Martin Millett, The Romanization of Britain (Originally 1990, new edition, Cambridge University Press, 2010)

Martin Millett, Louise Revell and Alison Moore, eds., The Oxford Handbook of Roman Britain (Oxford University Press, 2017)

Lynette Olson, ed., St. Samson of Dol and the Earliest History of Brittany, Cornwall and Wales (Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 2017).

John E. Pattison, “Is It Necessary To Assume An Apartheid-Like Social Structure In Early Anglo-Saxon England?” Proceedings of the Royal Society 275(2008), 2423-29

David Petts, The Early Medieval Church in Wales (History Press, 2009)

David Petts, Christianity in Roman Britain: An Archaeology (History Press, 2003)

Stephen Rippon, Kingdom, Civitas, and County: The Evolution of Territorial Identity in the English Landscape (OUP 2018)

Adam Rogers, Late Roman Towns in Britain (Cambridge University Press, 2011)

Richard Sharpe, “Martyrs and Local Saints in Late Antique Britain,” in Alan Thacker and   Richard Sharpe (eds.), Local Saints And Local Churches In The Early Medieval West (Oxford University Press, 2002). 75–154.

Jonathan Shaw, “Who Killed the Men of England?” Harvard Magazine, July-August 2009

David Shotter, Roman Britain (1998. Routledge, 2004)

Patrick Sims-Williams, “The Settlement of England in Bede and the Chronicle,” Anglo-Saxon England 12(1983): 1-41

Patrick Sims-Williams, Britain and Early Christian Europe (Routledge, 1995)

Patrick Sims-Williams, Religion and Literature in Western England (Cambridge University Press, 2005)

Terry R. Slater, ed., Towns in Decline, AD100–1600 (Ashgate 2000)

Alexander Smith, Martyn Allen, Tom Brindle and Michael Fulford, ed.,  The Rural Settlement of Roman Britain: (Oxbow Books/Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies, 2016)

Alexander Smith, Martyn Allen, Tom Brindle (et al), New Visions of the Countryside of Roman Britain Volume 3: Life and Death in the Countryside of Roman Britain (Oxbow Books/ Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies, 2018)

Christopher Snyder, An Age of Tyrants (Penn State Press, 1998)

Gavin Speed, Towns in the Dark: Urban Transformations from Late Roman Britain to Anglo-Saxon England (Archaeopress 2014)

Pauline Stafford, ed., A Companion To The Early Middle Ages: Britain And Ireland c.500-1100 (Wiley-Blackwell, 2009)

Sarah Symons, Roman Wales (Amberley Press, 2015)

Charles Thomas, Christianity in Roman Britain to AD 500 (University of California Press, 1981)

Mark G. Thomas, Michael P.H. Stumpf, and Heinrich Härke, “Evidence For An Apartheid-Like Social Structure In Early Anglo-Saxon England,” Proceedings of the Royal Society, 273 (2006): 2651–2657


Malcolm Todd, (ed.) A Companion to Roman Britain (Oxford: Blackwell, 2003)


Ronan Toolis and Christopher Bowles, The Lost Dark Age Kingdom of Rheged: The Discovery of a Royal Stronghold at Trusty’s Hill, Galloway (Oxbow Books, 2017)

Dorothy Watts, Christians and Pagans in Roman Britain (1991. Routledge, 2014)

Dorothy Watts, Religion in Late Roman Britain: Forces of Change (1998. Routledge, 2002)

Michael E. Weale, Deborah A. Weiss, Rolf F. Jager, Neil Bradman and Mark G. Thomas, "Y Chromosome Evidence For Anglo-Saxon Mass Migration," Molecular Biology and Evolution 19 (7)(2002): 1008–1021, at


Roger White and Philip Barker, Wroxeter: Life and Death of a Roman City (Stroud: Tempus, 1998)


Roger H. White, Roman and Celtic Objects from Anglo-Saxon Graves (Oxford: British Archaeological Reports, 1988).

Annie Whitehead, Mercia: The Rise and Fall of a Kingdom (Amberley 2018)

Tony Wilmott and Pete Wilson, eds., The Late Roman Transition in the North (British Archaeological Reports, British Series 299, 2000)

Michael Winterbottom ed., Gildas: The Ruin of Britain (Chichester: Phillimore, 1978).

Ian N. Wood, "The End of Roman Britain: Continental Evidence and Parallels", in M. Lapidge and D. Dumville (eds.) Gildas: New Approaches (Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell, 1984), 1 – 25.

David Woods, “Gildas and the Mystery Cloud of 536–7,” The Journal of Theological Studies, 61(2010), 1: 226–234

Alex Woolf, “Apartheid and Economics in Anglo-Saxon England,” in Nick Higham, ed., Britons in Anglo-Saxon England (Woodbridge, UK: Boydell Press, 2007), 115-129

Barbara Yorke, The Conversion of Britain: Religion, Politics and Society in Britain c. 600-800 (Harlow: Pearson Longman, 2006)

Emma Young, “Germanic Invaders May Not Have Ruled By Apartheid,” New Scientist, April 23, 2008,





I have also blogged quite extensively on this era. See for instance:

(“The Ancient Inheritance”)