Charles Babbage & Alan Turing
Yanel Maryse Ramos
Charles Babbage was born in London on December 26, 1792. He was the son of
Benjamin Babbage, a London banker. As a youth Babbage was his own instructor in Algebra.
Upon entering Trinity College, Cambridge in 1811, he found himself far in advance of his
Babbage founded the Analytical Society for promoting continental mathematics
and reforming the mathematics of Newton then taught at the university. He was elected a
Fellow of the Royal Society. He played an important role in the establishment of the Association
for the Advancement of Science and the Statistical Society. Babbage acquired the interest in
calculating machinery that became his consuming passion for his life.
His published works are A Comparative View of the Various Institutions for the
Assurance of lives (1826), Table of Logarithms of the Natural Numbers from 1 to 108,000
(1827), Reflections on the Decline of Science in England (1830), On the Economy of Machinery
and Manufacturers (1832), Ninth Bridgewater Treatise(1837), and the autobiographical
Passages from the life of a Philosopher (1864).
He is admired by computerists because he was the first person to realize that a
computing machine must be composed of an input device, a memory, a central processing unit,
and an output device. Babbage calculated the first reliable mortality tables. He also worked out
the first speedometer, invented the locomotive "cow catcher" and built a device to study the
retina of the eye.
He is often referred as the "Father of Computing" because of his inventions of the
analytical engine, and he is also known as the "Grandfather of Modern Digital Computing". The
Charles Babbage Foundation took his name to honor his intellectual contributions and their
relation to modern computers.
Despite his many achievements, the failure to construct his calculating machines
and in particular the failure of the government to support his work left Babbage in his declining
years a disappointed and embittered man.
He died at his home in Dorset Street, London, on October 18, 1871.
Alan Mathison Turing
Alan Mathison Turing was born in a nursing home in Paddington, London, on
June 23, 1912. He belonged in an upper-middle class, distinctive English family. His father,
Julius Mathison Turing was in the Indian Civil Service. Turing had an older brother named John
who was born in 1908. His father died in 1947 and his mother in 1976.
Turing studied at Sherbone School. Then he studied relativity, quantum
mechanics, probability and logic at King’s College, Cambridge University, Princeton University
and at Manchester University.
He is known as the "Founder of Computer Science" because he helped design the
first computer and developed early computer that cracked military codes. He helped to crack
German military codes and win World War II against Hitler. Turing who was a strange man,
one who never fitted in anywhere quite successfully, was a mathematician, philosopher, code
breaker and a gay man.
He died on June 7, 1954 by cyanide poisoning in Wilmslow, Cheschire.
A Portrait of Alan Mathison Turing, F.R.S. O.B.E. in 1951
Founder of computer science, mathematician, philosopher, codebreaker, strange visionary and a gay man. Studies relativity, quantum mechanics, probability and logic.
The Origins of Alan Turing
Alan Turing was born on 23 June 1912 in a nursing home in London. He is known as the Founder of Computer Science, because he helped design the first computer and developed early computer that cracked military codes.
Who Was Charles Babbage?
Charles Babbage was born in London on December 26, 1792. He is often referred as the "father of computing" because of his invention of the analytical engine. The Charles Babbage Foundation took his name to honor his contributions and their relation to modern computers.
About Charles Babbage
The English inventor and mathematician who was the first person to realize that a computing machine must be composed of an input device, a memory, a central processing unit, and an output device.
Books : A Portrait of Alan Turing
Books : A Portrait of Alan Turing.
Source: New Yorker. v61 n48. Jan 20, 1986. p. 78-87.
Article Length: Long (31+ col inches).
Article Type: Book Review-Favorable.
Summary: Jeremy Bernstein reviews "Alan Turing: The Enigma," by Andrew
1. Turing, Alan. 2. Hodges, Andrew. 3. Nonfiction. 4. Biographies. 5.
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