N1 Photo Clearinghouse
Launch Pads: Modifications for Energia
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Last update: June 15, 2001

Launch Complex modified for Energia/Buran
15.01 15.02
Being modified for Energia/Buran in 1979
Mark Wade RSC Energia
15.02 15.03 15.04
Pad 1 as configured for
Energia/Buran in 1988
NPO Molniya NPO Molniya Mark Wade NPO Molniya
Energia-M on Pad 2
NPO Molniya NPO Molniya Daniel Marin VideoCosmos
15.06 15.07
Daniel Marin Mark Wade NPO Molniya
NPO Molniya NPO Molniya www.space.hobby.ru
Note partially-truncated rotating 
service tower
Note the old N1
lightening tower
looming overhead
NPO Molniya VideoCosmos k26's Site NPO Molniya VideoCosmos NPO Molniya

Launch of Energia/Buran
15.10 15.11 15.12
Ignition...... ...and Liftoff! First sucessful launch from Pad 1!! Cropped and B/W
Mark Wade NPO Molniya www.space.hobby.ru
15.13 15.14 15.15
Cropped on bottom Note lightening tower Cropped and flopped
www.space.hobby.ru NPO Molniya NPO Molniya NPO Molniya Arnold E. van Beverhoudt, Jr.

The Launch Complex in the 1990's
15.16 15.17 15.18
Energia pads and MIK in 1992 Close-up: Energia Pads in 1992 Closer-up in 1993
Ed Cameron Ed Cameron Anatoly Zak
15.19 15.20
Energia Pads and non-N1 buidings in 1993 Pad 1 in 1997
Anatoly Zak FPSPACE
15.21 15.22 15.23 15.24
Truncated rotating service
structure for Pad 2 in 1992
Pad 2 in 1992: Note truncated 
service structure in background
Truncated service structure in 1993 Pad 2 N1 launch-ring modified for Energia
Ed Cameron Ed Cameron Anatoly Zak Ed Cameron
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