Anth 146 - Review Concepts - Exam 3-2004 Sp
+ Describe the environments for each culture area for this unit: (
- subsistence (mobility, agriculture, what do they eat?)
- settlement patterns (settlement size, layout, physiographic setting)
- shelter (what is it made of? Why? Mobility? Advantages/disadvantages in this environment and/or for this lifestyle)
- social structure (status, leadership type/how determined, gender roles, family makeup, slavery)
- religious beliefs, creation stories, and ceremonial practices
- relations with neighbors (warfare, trade, cooperation, marriage)
- impact of Euro-American immigrants
+ In the four regions we examined in this unit, two major cultural traits, pottery and agriculture, are either totally absent or of minimal importance. For each region, why is this? How are these two traits related? Think about alternatives, reasons for adopting agriculture and/or pottery in the first place, environmental factors/resources/carrying capacity/population density/settlement strategy/mobility issues.
+ Trade and exchange is often vital to the survival of societies. What are three unrelated examples of societies that rely on either subsistence exchange with neighbors of a different society, or the long-distance trade of prestige items for the maintenance of differences in social status?
+ Explain the similarities and differences between bands, tribes, and
chiefdoms in terms of carrying capacity, mobility, subsistence strategy,
population density, threat of violence, leadership/authority/prestige, etc.
using examples from
+ It can be argued that, beginning with the arrival of
- Significance of land/property/resources: what are the reasons for these differences?
- Interpretation of “wilderness”
How did these factors result in the policies of the
How did each of the major colonial powers (
+ Think about the general sequence of the subjugation/assimilation of Native
American societies by the
+ Different kinds of family systems appear to be adaptive in different kinds of ecological situations. Discuss the conditions under which the nuclear and the extended family appear to be most functional. Similarly, matrilineal and patrilineal systems.