Magnoliophyta - (also found as Angiosperms in older texts) are the broad-leaf
trees and shrubs.
There are over 200,000 species described in 385 families. Members of Magnoliophyta are divided into
two classes. Liliopsida (monocots) include; Palms, Yuccas and Bamboos. The second class
Magnoliopsida (dicots) such as: Maples, Oaks, Ashes. All have woody stems.
Characteristics of Magnoliophyta
leaves are simple or compound,
fruit requires double-fertilzation,
woody dicots have both trachea and tracheids in their wood.
|one seedling leaf||two seedling leaves|
|parallel venation||several types of venation|
|scattered vascular bundles||organized vascular bundles|
|herbaceous stems||woody stems|