HIST 10 - World HIstory to 1500
Lect. # 21


Süleyman the Magnificent 


IDs:
         devşirme

         janissary
         Mehmet II
         Süleyman
         Mimar Sinan

I. Rise of the Ottomans [map #1; map #2]
         A. Byzantine Empire
                       • 330: Constantinople
                       • 1453: Istanbul
                       • Mehmet II (r. 1451-1481)

         B.   Fall of Constantinople (1453)
                       • April 6 1453
                                     - Orban the Hungarian & the Super Gun of Constantinople
                                     - 27ft long | 8 inches thick | 30 inch in diameter
                                     - range = 1 mile plus
                       • May 29 1453 - Constantinople to Istanbul
                            - Population increase: 30,000 to 70,000 (1478)  to 400,000 (mid-1500s)

II. Methods of Conquest

               1. Military Innovation
               2. devşirme
               3. janissary
  

III. Sultan Supreme

         A. Süleyman
               1. Lawgiver - Builder - Conqueror

               2. Süleyman the Lawgiver
                      • Islamic law (shari'ah)
                      • Kanun
                             -   Turkish (Tore)
                             -   Mongol (Yasa)

                      •Tughra

               3. Süleyman the Builder
                       •Mimar Sinan
(1490-1588)
                             -   Süleymaniye Mosque [video]
                             -   Selimiye Mosque

               4. Suleyman the Conqueror
                     -Westward Campaigns
                       • 1521 - Belgrade
                       • 1522 - Rhodes
                       • 1526 - Battle of Mohacs
                       • 1529 - Attack on Vienna (Hapsburg Empire)
               5. Failure
                       • Rain: no artillery/added defenders
                       • September 30,1529

III. CONCLUSIONS