HIST10  World Civ
Lect. # 20

Death and Disease


IDs:
     Black Death
     pestis puerorum
    
1349 Ordinance
     Flagellants

I. Introduction
              1. Life Expectancy (map)
                  • Infant mortality
                  • Measuring "progress"

              2.Death in World History
                          - Pestilence and Rome's decline


II. Black Death in Europe
                1. Black Death (symptoms)
                      •
Bubonic plague (lymph)
                          - bubo - bubonic - enlarged lymph nodes
                          - Rattus Rattus: common black rat
                      • Septicemic plague (blood)
                          - fever, chills, weakness: tissue bleading and dying tissue appears black
                      • Pneumonic plague (respitory)
                          - chest pain, cough, diarrhea

                2. Spread: Half circle arc: Italy-France-Germany-Scandanavia-Moscow (map)
                      • Mongol origins (1346-7):
                          - 1346: Kaffa (on Crimean Sea)
                          - 1347: Messina (Sicily)
                          - 1347: Genoa (Italy)
                          - 1348: London (England)
                                      + 1349 Scotland
                                      + 1349 Ordinance &1351 Statute of Labourers
                                      +Decrease in available labor
                          - 1349: Bergen (Norway)
                          - 1350: Milan (Italy)

III. Conclusions
                      Devastation
                                      + 24 million people died (25% of Europe)
                                      +Population drop (London)
                                      + pestis puerorum


                      • Psychological
                          - Anti-Nobles & Anti-Semitic attacks
                          - Fear, anger, penitence
                                      + Flagellents (flagellents)
                      Prosperity
                          - Buyer's market
                                      + Deflation
                                      + Wages double