HIST 10 World Civ
Lect. # 1
4

Timbuktu and the Rise of Africa


IDs:
 Timbuktu
 Sahel
 Mansa Musa
 Songhai

I. Introduction: 
                  • Africa: Geography and Climatic zones (map)

                  • Kingdom of Ife (Nigeria) [Ife Heads]
                  • The Land without History?: Conceptions of Race and Civilization
                         - Louis Frobenius (Anthropologist)
                         - Hugh Trevor-Roper

II. Trade and Spread of Islam in Sahelian Kingdoms (Sahel Empires - map/Sahel)
         A.Ghana (c. 600- 1200)
                          - Rulers
                          - Trade
                          - Accomodation
                          - Gold & Salt Trade

         B.Mali (c. 1200 - 1550)
                          - Islam & Kingship ("Mansa" = ruler)
                          - Sundiata/Sunjata (r.1230-1255)
                          - Empire & Trade:  Timbuktu [gallery] (Wakanda)
                                    • Manuscripts
                          - Mansa Musa 
                                    •
richest man in history

         C.Songhai (c. 1375-1590)
                          - Gao
                          - Sonni Ali
                          - Askia Muhammad al-turi
III. Conclusion:
         A. Lingering Legacies of Imperialism, Colonialism and Racism
                  • Ancient Greek as Model of Civilization
                  • Frobenius and Ife Heads