HIST 10  World History to 1500
Lect. # 15

Primers of How to Rule: Ancient India

IDs:

         Arthasastra
         Ashoka
         Kalidasa
         Kamasutra
         Chandra Gupta

I. Introduction
              • Pillars of Ashoka  (Indian currency)
              • The Stones of the Obelisk

II.    Mauryan Empire (322 - 185 BCE) [timeline map]
         A. Chandragupta Maurya (ca. 322-298 BCE)
              • Pataliputra
              • Kautilya
              • Arthashastra
              • Jainism (non-violence; truth; celibacy; not stealing; non-attachment)

        B. Ashoka (268-232 BCE) [map]
              • Kalinga
              • Buddhism
              • Pillars of Ashoka

         C. Collapse of the Mauryan Empire

III.Gupta Dynasty (319-540 CE)
         A. Background (map)
              1. Chandra Gupta (r. 320-330 CE)

         B.Gupta Government

              1. Political rule
                         • Lichchhavi - consolidation through marriage ties
                         • Maharajadhiraja - "King of Kings"
                         • Cakravartin = Ideal King
              2. Society
                         • Chinese observer:  Faxian (Fa-hsien)

              3. Culture: Gupta Art and Literature

                         • Ajanta Caves - vitality and intimacy
                         • Kalidasa (Shakuntala) - emotional and oneness with nature
                         • Kamasutra
(warning: subject matter may offend some students)

          F. Decline of the Guptan Empire