HIST10 - World Civ to 1500
Lect. #3

Beer and the Rise of Civilizations

IDs:
             • Ninkasi
             • Beer
             • Mijiaya
             •
Enkidu
             •
Gilgamesh



A. Why Beer?

             • Early Writing Tablet [IMAGE ]
                      - Ninkasi (Goddess of Beer)
             • Ancient site of Uruk

B. Stone Age Brew
      1. Gift of the Gods

              • Hymn to Ninkasi
      2. Origins of alcohol and beer
              • Earliest beer brewing (China)
                     - Mijiaya (米家崖)
                     -  京A Brewery (Mijiaya Neolithic Ale)
              • Beer and sedentary society

        C. Why Beer?
        D. Discovered
not invented
              1. Alcohol
                     • Mead (honey)
                     • Wine (fruit)

              1. Malted grains
                     • Damp = sweet
                     • Stored = large quantities

              2. Variety

                     • Egyptian = 17 varieties
                     • Mesopotamia = 20 varietiesS
                     • Dates (not hops)

              3. Cooking Beer
                     • Safer than water
                     •
More people = contaminated water source

         E. Making the Jump . . .
              1. Beer and Epic of Gligamesh
                     • Enkidu = primative
                     •
Beer = civilized
              2. Religious
              3. Social

              4. Wages (cuneiform)
              5. Medicinal

         F.
Drink from the Dawn of Civilization
               1. End of Civilization?
               2. Save NINKASI!