HIST 10 World Civilizations to 1500
Lect. #3
 

A Calculated Rule: Ancient Egypt


 I. Introduction
        - CBS
        - dollar bill

II. Gift

         A. Delta and Upper Egypt
              1.Cairo = Lower (northern)
              2.Luxor = Upper (southern)

         B. Nile
              1. River flows north
              2. Winds blow south

         C. Floods
              1. rainfall = 5 days per year (on average)
              2. Typically between July and September

         D. Isolation
              1. desert - east and west
              2. rapids - south
              3. sea - north (delta)
 

II. Ancient Egpytian Society
         A. Political Organization of  Ancient Egypt

               1. The Pharaoh
                       •ma'at
                       •Imhotep

         B. Writing (Hieroglyphics )
               1.
mdju netjer - words of the gods
               2. rosetta stone
               3. First hieroglyphs - 3100 BCE in the late Predynastic Period,
              
    Last hieroglyphs - 394 ACE..
               4.
Greek - ta hieroglyphica, "the sacred carved letters."

        C. Spiritual life
              1. Cult of Sun God
              2. Osiris Myth
              3. Akhenaten's religious reforms

         D.
Science, Math and the Egyptians
              1. Rhind Mathematical Papyrus (1550 BC)

              2. Astronomy

          E. Monumental Architecture
              1. Pyramid Building (visual tour)
                       • mastabas

              2. Pyramids at Giza (2540BC)
                       • 756 along each side
                       • 481 feet high
                       • oriented north-south-east-west

III. Comparison of Egypt and Mesopotamia
                       • Religion
                       • Afterlife (ka)
                       • Unification

IV. Understanding the Past Today:  Black Athena
                       •  Martin Bernal
                       •  Mary Lefkowitz 


Other sites of interest:

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