HIST 10  World Civ
Lect. # 2

 CITY SLICKERS: MOVING BEYOND FARMING

PODCAST: 1) Egyptian Clay Model of Cattle 2) Standard of Ur

VISUALS and READING: 1) Egyptian Clay Model of Cattle 2) Standard of Ur


IDs:
             • ziggurat
             • Code of Hammurabi
             • lex talionis
             • cuneiform
             • Çatalhöyük
             • Mesopotamia

I. Theories of Civilization
  - Egyptian Clay Model of Cattle (image)     
  - Çatalhöyük
        •        •         +
Adversity theory (Toynbee)
       •        •         + Climate theory (Huntingdon)
       •        •         + Social Surplus Theory
       •        •         + Top Down
       •        •         + Bottom Up
      

II. Mesopotamia, the Epic of Gilgamesh and Pushing "Civilization"
          - Question of why? what was it? who needed it?
        - Why there?

III. Rise of Mesopotamia

A. Topography of Mesopotamia (map)
        • Tigris and Euphrates Rivers

B. The Rise of City-States (map)
        • Sumeria

C. Cradle of Civilization?
        Standard of Ur (war side)
                - •Dr. Lamia al-Ghailani
        •        •         + India
        •        •         + Afganistan
                -
        Central concern of the Mesopotamians
        •        • - Urban, Writing, Religion and Monumental Architecture

III. Achievments of the Mesopotamian City-State

A. City-State: Writing
        • cuneiform  
        • arrow = "ti"/life="ti"

B. City-State: Form & Function
        • City wall
        • Ziggurat (monumental architecture)

C. City-State: Religion
        • State Cults:  Anu, Enlil & Enki
        • Godesses, Demons & Monsters 

D. City-State: Science and Literature
        • Epic of Gilgamesh and the Flood Tablet
        • Base 6 (Plimpton 322)

E. City-State: Law & Society
        •Code of Hammurabi
        •8 Things about the Code of Hammurai
        •lex talionis (law of retaliation)


F. Egypt, India and China
       Rivers
       Writing
       Monumental Architecture       

G. Conclusions
        Civilization - defined negatively (what we aren't)
        One measure of civilization?
        What would Gilgamesh say?
        •        • - Epic of Gilgamesh