HIST 10 World Civ
Lect. # 2
CITY SLICKERS: MOVING BEYOND FARMING
• Code of Hammurabi
• lex talionis
I. Theories of Civilization
- Egyptian Clay Model of Cattle (image)
+ Adversity theory (Toynbee)
+ Climate theory (Huntingdon)
+ Social Surplus Theory
+ Top Down
+ Bottom Up
II. Mesopotamia, the Epic of Gilgamesh and Pushing "Civilization"
- Question of why? what was it? who needed it?
- Why there?
III. Rise of Mesopotamia
A. Topography of Mesopotamia (map)
Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
B. The Rise of City-States (map)
C. Cradle of Civilization?
Standard of Ur (war side)
- Dr. Lamia al-Ghailani
Central concern of the Mesopotamians
- Urban, Writing, Religion and Monumental Architecture
III. Achievments of the Mesopotamian City-StateA. City-State: Writing
arrow = "ti"/life="ti"
B. City-State: Form & Function
Ziggurat (monumental architecture)
D. City-State: Science and Literature
Epic of Gilgamesh and the Flood Tablet
Base 6 (Plimpton 322)
E. City-State: Law & Society
Code of Hammurabi
8 Things about the Code of Hammurai
lex talionis (law of retaliation)
F. Egypt, India and China
Civilization - defined negatively (what we aren't)
One measure of civilization?
What would Gilgamesh say?
- Epic of Gilgamesh