HIST10 - World Civ to 1500
Lect. #1

The First Revolutions: Food and Sex

PODCAST: 1 ) Olduvai Stone Chopping Tool 2) Bird-shaped Pestle 3) Ain Sakhri Lovers

VISUALS and READING: 1 ) Olduvai Stone Chopping Tool 2) Bird-shaped Pestle 3) Ain Sakhri Lovers


IDs:
            • Climate theory
            • Domestication
             • "domestication of the mind"
             • Fertile Crescent

I. What is Civilization?
   1. Traditional Definition:
             • urban ( 5,000+)
             • writing
             • monumental architecture

   2. How do we decided if a society is "civilized"? • cultural relativism

 I. What is pre-history? What is Civilization?
                • Timeline #1
                • Timeline #2
                • Carl Sagan's Cosmic Calendar

        A. Agricultural Revolution
              1. "Neolithic Revolution"
                     • Between 11,500 and 4,000 years ago
                     •At least 3 (and maybe as many as 7) areas where agricultural communities, domesticated plants & animals appear
                               - Fertile Crescent (11,000 and 9,000 years ago)
                               - China (9,500 to 8,800 years ago)
                               - South of Sahara (6,000 and 4,000 years ago)
                               - Americas (5500-4000 years ago)
              2. What is Domestication?
                               - DEF'N: "the human creation of a new form of plant or animal-one that is identifiably different from its
                                               wild ancestors and extant wild relatives"
                                         1) Sheep (too slow and stupid to survive in wild)
       
                                 2) Corn (cannot reproduce without human help since seeds cannot scatter freely)
                               - Plant domesticates account for most of the demographic dynamism of the agricultural revolution
              3. Non-linear (multiple centers)

        B. Making the Jump . . .
              1. From 'parasites of nature' to 'masters of their domain'
                     • Why?
                               - Adversity theory (Arnold Toynbee)
                               - Climate theory (Ellsworth Huntingdon)
                               - Social Surplus Theory (V. Gordon Childe)
                               - Top Down
                               - Bottom Up

II. Revolutionary Leaps: Food & Sex
               1. Food: 
                       • Hunting & Gathers or Opportunists?
                       • Bird Shaped Pestle (Papua New Guinea, 6000-2000 BC)
                       • Seasoning and Cooking
                       •  what about . . . 

               2. Sex:

                       • Ain Sakhri Lovers Figurine [image] (Judea, 9000 BC)
                       • Sexuality beyond reproduction

                       • Why significant?
                              - Stability

                              - Time for reflection
                              - Ian Hodder: "domestication of the mind"

                       • Fertility God/Goddess? (Venus of Willendorf)

               3. "Civilization":  The Beginning of History?

  III. Rise of Cities, States and "Civilizations" (7,000-3,000 BCE)

               1. Decentering "civilization"
                       • Mesopotamia: Çatalhöyük
                       • South America: Incan roads and
quipu (khipu)
                       • Pacific Islanders: navigation techniques