As a delegate to the initial meeting of the Central Committee of the new Soviet Union, you will spend a challenging, exciting, action-packed, and fast-paced three hours. You are encouraged to thoroughly read and study this Delegate's Manual.
COMMUNISM RETURNS TO THE USSR
As a delegate, you are responsible for selecting your leaders, debating the issues, and deciding policies in the new Soviet Union. this simulation involves extensive interaction. You are the decision-makers. You must bargain, negotiate, make deals, make offers they can't refuse, and form coalitions to accomplish your goals.
The Central Committee will be gaveled to order at 9:00 a.m. This is a complicated and fast-paced simulation. Please arrive early and be on time for all events. NOTE: Penn State York students will be on hand to serve as consultants and advisers.
NOTE: You are encouraged to come prepared-research Communism, the USSR, and the relevant issues. You are also encouraged to be creative, artistic and/or realistic in your attire.
If you have any questions, fee free to call me:
Penn State York - (717) 771-4000
Mechanicsburg Office - (717) 790-9800
***Be sure to bring your Manual and Goal Card with you.***
The year is 2001... The second Communist Revolution has just occurred in Russia. The All-Union Party Congress has selected you as a delegate to the Central Committee... At this meeting you will elect the top three members of the CPSU: (1) the General Secretary, (2) the Chair of the Council of Ministers, and (3) the President of the Supreme Soviet. The President of the Supreme Soviet appoints the POLITBORO members. The General Secretary appoints the members of the Secretariat. The Chairman of the Council of Ministers appoints the Minister of War (MOW), the Director of the KGB, the Minister of Foreign Affairs (MFA), the Minister of Education (MOED), and the Minister of Agriculture (MOA).
The candidates for General Secretary are:
SAFDEYE - leader of the Communist Party reformers
CARIDI - leader of the Bolsheviki
AZOUT - leader of the KGB
Each of the candidates has been assigned a campaign manager, a chief of staff, and a press secretary to assist them in their bargaining and negotiations.
NOTE: All candidates for General Secretary, chair of the Council of Ministers, and the President of the Supreme Soviet have the liberty to develop their own history and background. They are also free to develop their own policies and ideology, as long as they are consistent with their faction and goal cards.
The candidates for Chair of the Council of Ministers are:
STRELNIKOV - leader of Moscow
FEODOROVNA - leader of the Military
YURI - leader of the CPSU ideologues
MIKHAIL - leader of the Industrialists
The candidates for the President of the Supreme Soviet are:
KAMAROVSKY - leader of the CPSU Apparatchiks
NIKITA - leader of Leningrad
LARISA - leader of the workers
VIKTOR - leader of the farmers
NOTE: Each has been assigned an adviser to assist in their bargaining and negotiations.
See "Central Committee Members" for the Master List of roles, factions, votes, and candidates per position.
A majority of those present and voting is needed for election. If no candidate receives a majority on the first ballot, the candidate with the lowest votes will be eliminated and "run-off" election will be held.
Candidates are strongly encouraged to develop and bring with them all the paraphernalia of a campaign-posters, slogans, literature, noisemakers, etc. (No confetti please-too difficult to clean up.)
NOTE: Each school will be assigned a bloc of supporters for at least one of the candidates for either an elected or appointed position.
All delegates should begin, as soon as possible, seeking out allies and potential supporters. Name Tags will be provided at the registration desk, but you are encouraged to bring your own special Communist ID, name card, or badge, etc.
After the elections and all appointments have been completed, the Secretariat and Politboro will then recommend the party platform to the delegates. The issues include:
1. Foreign Policy 4. Economic System
2. Nuclear Policy 5. Agriculture Policy
3. Formation of the State
There are only three options to be considered for each issue. For example, the options in issue #1 - Foreign Policy are:
A. Seek to join NATO
B. Peaceful Coexistence
C. Restoration of the Warsaw Pact and expansion of
the Pan Slavic Empire
All delegates have been assigned a role as leader of a faction, a number of votes, allies, and a set of goals. Your objective is to accomplish as many of your goals as possible. Awards will be given to the individual(s) with the highest score and the school with the highest total score.
A sample GOAL CARD:
* Brumel for Secretariat - 20
* Caridi for General Secretary (GS) - 20
* MOAG - 40
* ISSUE 1B - 20
* ISSUE 3B - 20
NOTE: Each school is responsible for assigning the particular roles.
NOTE: All delegates have been assigned five goals totaling 120 points. For instance, if Brumel is appointed to the Secretariat and Caridi is elected General Secretary, Kennedovitch would receive 20 points each. Thus, his allies are Brumel and Caridi. If Kennedovitch is appointed Minister of Agriculture (MOAG), he would receive 40 points. On the ISSUES, if Option 1B, "Peaceful Coexistence with the West," is adopted, he receives 20 points. If Option 3B, "Restoration of the original USSR," is adopted on the Formation of the State ISSUE, he would receive another 20 points. Thus, he would finish with a grand total of 120 points.
It should be emphasized that all schools will be assigned an assortment of goals-some contradictory and conflicting. Thus, the ultimate outcome of the game depends on who compromises what with whom, when and where. Many, many tough decisions will have to be made!
NOTE: There are 80 roles in the simulation. If there are more than 80 participants, two people will be assigned to the same role. This will be both easier and harder for those delegates: easier because two people will be able to communicate with more delegates; harder because these two individuals must agree on all decisions. If they are unable to agree, they may split their vote.
General Secretary (GS)
Chairman of the Council of Ministers (CCM)
President of the Supreme Soviet (PSS)
Minister of War (MOW) Secretariat (5)
Director of KGB Politboro (5)
Minister of Foreign Affairs (MFA)
Minister of Education
Minister of Agriculture
(Appointed by GS, CCM, and PSS)
General Secretary - Safdeye, Caridi, Azout
CCM - Strelnikov, Feodorovna, Yuri, Mikhail
PSS - Kamarovsky, Nikita, Larisa, Viktor
MOW - Pavel, Checkov, Boris, Denisovich
KGB - Poppov, Smirnoff, Norodnik, Pavelovitch
MFA - Noodnik, Krupskaya, Andreiovitch, Valadimir
MOED - Illich, Kuryiaken, Valeri
MOAG - Petrogrov, Molotov, Bulganin, Yevgeny
Secretariat - Ivan, Antipov, Ippolitovitch, Zhukov, Demichev, Petrov, Brumel, Josef, Ulyanov
Politboro - Ivanova, Pasternak, Anton, Demitova, Alexandra, Pietr, Kerensky, Yevtushenko
THE ISSUES *
1. Foreign Policy
A. Seek to join NATO
B. Peaceful coexistence with West
C. Restoration of Warsaw Pact and expansion of Pan Slavic Empire
2. Nuclear Policy
A. Pursue policy of disarmament with West
B. Follow guidelines of SALT treaties
C. Restoration of Soviet nuclear supremacy
3. Formation of the State
A. Complete autonomy to former Union Republics
B. Commonwealth of Independent States
C. Restoration of USSR
5. Economic System
A. A laissez-faire capitalist system
B. Nationalization of banks, broadcasting, heavy industry, coal mines, and vodka production
C. Complete nationalization of the means of production
7. Agriculture Policy
A. Private ownership
B. Small private plots permitted
C. Collectivization of all land
* Issues 4, 6, 8, 9 and 10 to be determined later.
ALL UNION PARTY CONGRESS
Theoretically the highest body, the congress, consists of delegates elected by party organizations around the country. It ordinarily convened at least once every five years. The Congress elects the Central Committee, which is to meet at least every six months.
Consisting of about 300 voting and 150 nonvoting members, it is picked from among party congress delegates. It acts for the congress between sessions, meeting about twice a year to discuss and approve policies.
It sets the overall policy of the country and has 12 full (voting) members and 8 candidate (nonvoting) members, all of whom are among the nation's leading political figures. All members have regular duties elsewhere in the party or government.
It runs the nation's day-to-day affairs. It is headed by the General Secretary and composed of nine other Central Committee secretaries and a large permanent staff.
Organizational Structure of the CPSU
PARTY CONGRESS CENTRAL
CENTRAL COMMITTEE MEMBERS
1. Safdeye C.P. Reformers
2. Caridi Bolsheviki
3. Azout KGB
COUNCIL OF MINISTERS
4. Strelnikov Moscow
5. Feodorovna Military
6. Yuri C.P. Ideologues
7. Mikhail Industrialists
PRESIDENT OF THE SUPREME SOVIET
8. Kamarovsky C.P. Apparatchiks
9. Nikita Leningrad
10. Larisa Workers
11. Viktor Farmers
MINISTER OF WAR
12. Pavel C.P. Cadres
13. Chekhov Vodka Distillers
14. Boris Lan Owners
15. Denisovich Soldiers
16. Poppov Environmentalists
17. Smirnoff Land Reformers
18. Norodnik Ultra Nationalists
19. Pavalovitch Nuclear Industry
MINISTERS OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS
20. Noodnik Minorities
21. Krupskaya Merchants
22. Andreiovitch Restauranteurs
23. Vladimir Women's Rights Advocates
24. Ivan Teachers
25. Antipov All Union Party Congress
26. Ippolitovitch Advocates of Glasnost
27. Ivanova Miners
28. Pasternak Chief of Staff-Caridi
29. Anton Chief of Staff-Safdeye
30. Demitova Chief of Staff-Azout
31. Zhukov Campaign Manager-Safdeye
32. Demichev Campaign Manager-Caridi
33. Petrov Campaign Manager-Azout
MINISTER OF EDUCATION
34. Illich Advocate of Perestroika
35. Kuryiaken Petrograd
36. Valeri Moslems
37. Alexandra Catholics
38. Pietr Plant Managers
39. Kerensky Students
40. Yentushenko Pro West
41. Lavrenti Press Secretary-Safdeye
42. Nicholas Press Secretary-Caridi
43. Zhivago Press Secretary-Azout
44. Brumel Siberia
45. Josef Doctors
46. Ulyanov C.P. Soviets
MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE
47. Petrogrov Educators
48. Molotov Pan Slavists
49. Bulganin C.P. Retirees
50. Yevgeny Senior Citizens
51. Leninova Advocate of Peaceful Coexistence
52. Illya Land Reformer
53. Vladislav Entrepreneurs
54. Pleshakov Ultra Nationalists
55. Nikolai Lumber and Forestry
56. Malenkov Wine Producers
57. Vyacheslav Environmentalists
58. Lvov Veterans
59. Zubok Soldiers
60. Konstantin Nuclear Industry
61. Duma Strelnikov Adviser
62. Gromyko Feodorovna Adviser
63. Imaslav Yuri Adviser
64. Yuraslav Mikhail Adviser
65. Miroslav Kamarovsky Adviser
66. John Reed Nikita Adviser
67. Zuganov Larisa Adviser
68. Zastroff Viktor Adviser
69. Mohammed Teachers Union
70. Islamadora Restauranteurs
71. Georgi Minorities
72. Zhdanov Merchants
73. Beriovna Lumpenproletariat
74. Yakov Athletes
75. Protopovov Automobile Manufacturers
76. Suslov Railroad
77. Chernenko C.P. Bureaucrats
78. Andropova Fishing Industry
79. Posadnik Miners
80. Trotsky Minorities
RULES OF PROCEDURE
I. Adoption of Platform
Each school designates their delegate to each Platform Committee. The 5 committees are Brezhnev, Khrushchev, Lenin, Stalin, and Trotsky. (Two members will be designated as Co-Chairs.) Thus, there will be a representative from each school at each issue meeting. The schools should also designate one member as a "floater" to go from committee to committee. The "floater" is responsible for keeping track of developments in each committee, informing their members, and coordinating negotiations between the different committees and groups.
The delegates at each committee meeting will discuss, debate, and vote on the issue options. An absolute majority of the committee is necessary for adoption. It is necessary for at least 3 committees to reach an agreement on all 5 issues to determine the official party position. The committees will designate a spokesperson for each issue to report to the entire convention and explain the party's position. Remember, this is the party position. The delegates will not vote on the platform. Thus, the delegates should take great care in adopting a position on the issues. If committees have difficulty reaching a majority, they may need to negotiate with another committee to determine the official position. NOTE: If negotiations require, a committee may reconsider its vote and change its decision. The move to reconsider would also require an absolute majority vote. In the committees each member has one vote.
II. Candidate Elections
* The Game Director will serve as the Chair of the meeting and the interpreter of party procedure. All rulings of the Chair are final and may not be appealed.
* The election for the General Secretary will be held first-followed by the election of the Chair of the Council of Ministers and the President of the Supreme Soviet.
* Delegates will sit with their school. The individuals will not be called. The chair of the delegation will cast the total vote of each school.
* The candidates will be introduced by their press secretaries or advisers (2-minute maximum).
* Delegates may split their vote among the candidates. All delegates have a previously assigned number of multiple votes.
* The schools will be called in a random fashion.
* Only candidates who have been nominated (previously assigned) may run in the election.
* A delegation may pass the first time they are called. The roll call will proceed. The second time they are called they must vote or abstain.
* Negotiations may continue during the roll call.
* A majority of those present and voting is necessary for election. If no candidate receives a majority on the first ballot, the candidate with the lowest votes will be eliminated and a run-off election will be held.
Time Sequence of Action and Events
8:30 a.m. Registration
9:00 a.m. Call to Order
Welcome and Introduction
Explanation of the Rules
9:30 a.m. Meeting of Committees
10:15 a.m. Report of Committees
10:20 a.m. Break
10:30 a.m. * Nominations and Election of General Secretary
* General Secretary Announces Appointments
11:00 a.m. * Nominations and Election of Chairman of Council
* Announcement of Appointments
11:30 a.m. * Nominations and Election of President of Supre Soviet
* Announcement of Appointments
12:00 noon Presentation of Awards
12:10-1:00 p.m. "Pizza and Pepsi Social"