INTRODUCTION

As a delegate to the initial meeting of the Central Committee of the new Soviet Union, you will spend a challenging, exciting, action-packed, and fast-paced three hours. You are encouraged to thoroughly read and study this Delegate's Manual.

 

COMMUNISM RETURNS TO THE USSR

As a delegate, you are responsible for selecting your leaders, debating the issues, and deciding policies in the new Soviet Union. this simulation involves extensive interaction. You are the decision-makers. You must bargain, negotiate, make deals, make offers they can't refuse, and form coalitions to accomplish your goals.

The Central Committee will be gaveled to order at 9:00 a.m. This is a complicated and fast-paced simulation. Please arrive early and be on time for all events. NOTE: Penn State York students will be on hand to serve as consultants and advisers.

NOTE: You are encouraged to come prepared-research Communism, the USSR, and the relevant issues. You are also encouraged to be creative, artistic and/or realistic in your attire.

If you have any questions, fee free to call me:

Penn State York - (717) 771-4000

Mechanicsburg Office - (717) 790-9800

***Be sure to bring your Manual and Goal Card with you.***


PROGRAM DESCRIPTION

The year is 2001... The second Communist Revolution has just occurred in Russia. The All-Union Party Congress has selected you as a delegate to the Central Committee... At this meeting you will elect the top three members of the CPSU: (1) the General Secretary, (2) the Chair of the Council of Ministers, and (3) the President of the Supreme Soviet. The President of the Supreme Soviet appoints the POLITBORO members. The General Secretary appoints the members of the Secretariat. The Chairman of the Council of Ministers appoints the Minister of War (MOW), the Director of the KGB, the Minister of Foreign Affairs (MFA), the Minister of Education (MOED), and the Minister of Agriculture (MOA).

 

The candidates for General Secretary are:

SAFDEYE - leader of the Communist Party reformers

CARIDI - leader of the Bolsheviki

AZOUT - leader of the KGB

Each of the candidates has been assigned a campaign manager, a chief of staff, and a press secretary to assist them in their bargaining and negotiations.

NOTE: All candidates for General Secretary, chair of the Council of Ministers, and the President of the Supreme Soviet have the liberty to develop their own history and background. They are also free to develop their own policies and ideology, as long as they are consistent with their faction and goal cards.

 

The candidates for Chair of the Council of Ministers are:

STRELNIKOV - leader of Moscow

FEODOROVNA - leader of the Military

YURI - leader of the CPSU ideologues

MIKHAIL - leader of the Industrialists

 

The candidates for the President of the Supreme Soviet are:

KAMAROVSKY - leader of the CPSU Apparatchiks

NIKITA - leader of Leningrad

LARISA - leader of the workers

VIKTOR - leader of the farmers

NOTE: Each has been assigned an adviser to assist in their bargaining and negotiations.

See "Central Committee Members" for the Master List of roles, factions, votes, and candidates per position.

A majority of those present and voting is needed for election. If no candidate receives a majority on the first ballot, the candidate with the lowest votes will be eliminated and "run-off" election will be held.

Candidates are strongly encouraged to develop and bring with them all the paraphernalia of a campaign-posters, slogans, literature, noisemakers, etc. (No confetti please-too difficult to clean up.)

NOTE: Each school will be assigned a bloc of supporters for at least one of the candidates for either an elected or appointed position.

All delegates should begin, as soon as possible, seeking out allies and potential supporters. Name Tags will be provided at the registration desk, but you are encouraged to bring your own special Communist ID, name card, or badge, etc.

After the elections and all appointments have been completed, the Secretariat and Politboro will then recommend the party platform to the delegates. The issues include:

1. Foreign Policy 4. Economic System

2. Nuclear Policy 5. Agriculture Policy

3. Formation of the State

 

There are only three options to be considered for each issue. For example, the options in issue #1 - Foreign Policy are:

A. Seek to join NATO

B. Peaceful Coexistence

C. Restoration of the Warsaw Pact and expansion of

the Pan Slavic Empire

 

All delegates have been assigned a role as leader of a faction, a number of votes, allies, and a set of goals. Your objective is to accomplish as many of your goals as possible. Awards will be given to the individual(s) with the highest score and the school with the highest total score.

 

A sample GOAL CARD:


KENNEDOVITCH

* Brumel for Secretariat - 20

* Caridi for General Secretary (GS) - 20

* MOAG - 40

* ISSUE 1B - 20

* ISSUE 3B - 20


NOTE: Each school is responsible for assigning the particular roles.

NOTE: All delegates have been assigned five goals totaling 120 points. For instance, if Brumel is appointed to the Secretariat and Caridi is elected General Secretary, Kennedovitch would receive 20 points each. Thus, his allies are Brumel and Caridi. If Kennedovitch is appointed Minister of Agriculture (MOAG), he would receive 40 points. On the ISSUES, if Option 1B, "Peaceful Coexistence with the West," is adopted, he receives 20 points. If Option 3B, "Restoration of the original USSR," is adopted on the Formation of the State ISSUE, he would receive another 20 points. Thus, he would finish with a grand total of 120 points.

 

It should be emphasized that all schools will be assigned an assortment of goals-some contradictory and conflicting. Thus, the ultimate outcome of the game depends on who compromises what with whom, when and where. Many, many tough decisions will have to be made!

 

NOTE: There are 80 roles in the simulation. If there are more than 80 participants, two people will be assigned to the same role. This will be both easier and harder for those delegates: easier because two people will be able to communicate with more delegates; harder because these two individuals must agree on all decisions. If they are unable to agree, they may split their vote.


ELECTED POSITIONS

General Secretary (GS)

Chairman of the Council of Ministers (CCM)

President of the Supreme Soviet (PSS)


APPOINTED POSITIONS

Minister of War (MOW) Secretariat (5)

Director of KGB Politboro (5)

Minister of Foreign Affairs (MFA)

Minister of Education

Minister of Agriculture

(Appointed by GS, CCM, and PSS)


CANDIDATES

General Secretary - Safdeye, Caridi, Azout

CCM - Strelnikov, Feodorovna, Yuri, Mikhail

PSS - Kamarovsky, Nikita, Larisa, Viktor

MOW - Pavel, Checkov, Boris, Denisovich

KGB - Poppov, Smirnoff, Norodnik, Pavelovitch

MFA - Noodnik, Krupskaya, Andreiovitch, Valadimir

MOED - Illich, Kuryiaken, Valeri

MOAG - Petrogrov, Molotov, Bulganin, Yevgeny

 

Secretariat - Ivan, Antipov, Ippolitovitch, Zhukov, Demichev, Petrov, Brumel, Josef, Ulyanov

Politboro - Ivanova, Pasternak, Anton, Demitova, Alexandra, Pietr, Kerensky, Yevtushenko


THE ISSUES *

1. Foreign Policy

A. Seek to join NATO

B. Peaceful coexistence with West

C. Restoration of Warsaw Pact and expansion of Pan Slavic Empire

2. Nuclear Policy

A. Pursue policy of disarmament with West

B. Follow guidelines of SALT treaties

C. Restoration of Soviet nuclear supremacy

3. Formation of the State

A. Complete autonomy to former Union Republics

B. Commonwealth of Independent States

C. Restoration of USSR

4.

5. Economic System

A. A laissez-faire capitalist system

B. Nationalization of banks, broadcasting, heavy industry, coal mines, and vodka production

C. Complete nationalization of the means of production

6.

7. Agriculture Policy

A. Private ownership

B. Small private plots permitted

C. Collectivization of all land

8.

9.

10.

* Issues 4, 6, 8, 9 and 10 to be determined later.


CPSU STRUCTURE

ALL UNION PARTY CONGRESS

Theoretically the highest body, the congress, consists of delegates elected by party organizations around the country. It ordinarily convened at least once every five years. The Congress elects the Central Committee, which is to meet at least every six months.

CENTRAL COMMITTEE

Consisting of about 300 voting and 150 nonvoting members, it is picked from among party congress delegates. It acts for the congress between sessions, meeting about twice a year to discuss and approve policies.

POLITBORO

It sets the overall policy of the country and has 12 full (voting) members and 8 candidate (nonvoting) members, all of whom are among the nation's leading political figures. All members have regular duties elsewhere in the party or government.

SECRETARIAT

It runs the nation's day-to-day affairs. It is headed by the General Secretary and composed of nine other Central Committee secretaries and a large permanent staff.

DEMOCRATIC CENTRALISM

Organizational Structure of the CPSU

ALL UNION

PARTY CONGRESS CENTRAL

COMMITTEE POLITBORO

SECRETARIAT

General Secretary

 

CENTRAL COMMITTEE MEMBERS

ROLE REPRESENTING


GENERAL SECRETARY

1. Safdeye C.P. Reformers

2. Caridi Bolsheviki

3. Azout KGB


COUNCIL OF MINISTERS

4. Strelnikov Moscow

5. Feodorovna Military

6. Yuri C.P. Ideologues

7. Mikhail Industrialists


PRESIDENT OF THE SUPREME SOVIET

8. Kamarovsky C.P. Apparatchiks

9. Nikita Leningrad

10. Larisa Workers

11. Viktor Farmers


MINISTER OF WAR

12. Pavel C.P. Cadres

13. Chekhov Vodka Distillers

14. Boris Lan Owners

15. Denisovich Soldiers


KGB DIRECTOR

16. Poppov Environmentalists

17. Smirnoff Land Reformers

18. Norodnik Ultra Nationalists

19. Pavalovitch Nuclear Industry


MINISTERS OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS

20. Noodnik Minorities

21. Krupskaya Merchants

22. Andreiovitch Restauranteurs

23. Vladimir Women's Rights Advocates


SECRETARIAT

24. Ivan Teachers

25. Antipov All Union Party Congress

26. Ippolitovitch Advocates of Glasnost


POLITBORO

27. Ivanova Miners

28. Pasternak Chief of Staff-Caridi

29. Anton Chief of Staff-Safdeye

30. Demitova Chief of Staff-Azout


SECRETARIAT

31. Zhukov Campaign Manager-Safdeye

32. Demichev Campaign Manager-Caridi

33. Petrov Campaign Manager-Azout


MINISTER OF EDUCATION

34. Illich Advocate of Perestroika

35. Kuryiaken Petrograd

36. Valeri Moslems


POLITBORO

37. Alexandra Catholics

38. Pietr Plant Managers

39. Kerensky Students

40. Yentushenko Pro West

41. Lavrenti Press Secretary-Safdeye

42. Nicholas Press Secretary-Caridi

43. Zhivago Press Secretary-Azout


SECRETARIAT

44. Brumel Siberia

45. Josef Doctors

46. Ulyanov C.P. Soviets


MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE

47. Petrogrov Educators

48. Molotov Pan Slavists

49. Bulganin C.P. Retirees

50. Yevgeny Senior Citizens

51. Leninova Advocate of Peaceful Coexistence

52. Illya Land Reformer

53. Vladislav Entrepreneurs

54. Pleshakov Ultra Nationalists

55. Nikolai Lumber and Forestry

56. Malenkov Wine Producers

57. Vyacheslav Environmentalists

58. Lvov Veterans

59. Zubok Soldiers

60. Konstantin Nuclear Industry


ADVISERS

61. Duma Strelnikov Adviser

62. Gromyko Feodorovna Adviser

63. Imaslav Yuri Adviser

64. Yuraslav Mikhail Adviser

65. Miroslav Kamarovsky Adviser

66. John Reed Nikita Adviser

67. Zuganov Larisa Adviser

68. Zastroff Viktor Adviser

69. Mohammed Teachers Union

70. Islamadora Restauranteurs

71. Georgi Minorities

72. Zhdanov Merchants

73. Beriovna Lumpenproletariat

74. Yakov Athletes

75. Protopovov Automobile Manufacturers

76. Suslov Railroad

77. Chernenko C.P. Bureaucrats

78. Andropova Fishing Industry

79. Posadnik Miners

80. Trotsky Minorities


RULES OF PROCEDURE

I. Adoption of Platform

Each school designates their delegate to each Platform Committee. The 5 committees are Brezhnev, Khrushchev, Lenin, Stalin, and Trotsky. (Two members will be designated as Co-Chairs.) Thus, there will be a representative from each school at each issue meeting. The schools should also designate one member as a "floater" to go from committee to committee. The "floater" is responsible for keeping track of developments in each committee, informing their members, and coordinating negotiations between the different committees and groups.

The delegates at each committee meeting will discuss, debate, and vote on the issue options. An absolute majority of the committee is necessary for adoption. It is necessary for at least 3 committees to reach an agreement on all 5 issues to determine the official party position. The committees will designate a spokesperson for each issue to report to the entire convention and explain the party's position. Remember, this is the party position. The delegates will not vote on the platform. Thus, the delegates should take great care in adopting a position on the issues. If committees have difficulty reaching a majority, they may need to negotiate with another committee to determine the official position. NOTE: If negotiations require, a committee may reconsider its vote and change its decision. The move to reconsider would also require an absolute majority vote. In the committees each member has one vote.

 

II. Candidate Elections

* The Game Director will serve as the Chair of the meeting and the interpreter of party procedure. All rulings of the Chair are final and may not be appealed.

* The election for the General Secretary will be held first-followed by the election of the Chair of the Council of Ministers and the President of the Supreme Soviet.

* Delegates will sit with their school. The individuals will not be called. The chair of the delegation will cast the total vote of each school.

* The candidates will be introduced by their press secretaries or advisers (2-minute maximum).

* Delegates may split their vote among the candidates. All delegates have a previously assigned number of multiple votes.

* The schools will be called in a random fashion.

* Only candidates who have been nominated (previously assigned) may run in the election.

* A delegation may pass the first time they are called. The roll call will proceed. The second time they are called they must vote or abstain.

* Negotiations may continue during the roll call.

* A majority of those present and voting is necessary for election. If no candidate receives a majority on the first ballot, the candidate with the lowest votes will be eliminated and a run-off election will be held.


AGENDA

Time Sequence of Action and Events

8:30 a.m. Registration

9:00 a.m. Call to Order

Welcome and Introduction

Explanation of the Rules

9:30 a.m. Meeting of Committees

10:15 a.m. Report of Committees

10:20 a.m. Break

10:30 a.m. * Nominations and Election of General Secretary

* General Secretary Announces Appointments

11:00 a.m. * Nominations and Election of Chairman of Council

of Ministers

* Announcement of Appointments

11:30 a.m. * Nominations and Election of President of Supre Soviet

* Announcement of Appointments

12:00 noon Presentation of Awards

12:10-1:00 p.m. "Pizza and Pepsi Social"