New suffixes appear in the grammar section.
Van egyetem Philadelphiában?
Is there a university in Philadelphia?
Egy nagy posta van a városban.
There is a big post office in the city.
Az étteremben sok asztal van.
There are a lot of tables in the restaurant.
Note: following sok the noun appears in singular always.
I can't give any sentences with vannak because you don't know any
plurals yet, but it is used the same way obviously.
When you want to negate and say 'there is not', use the word nincs. 'Nem van' is incorrect. The negation of 'nem vannak' is nincsenek, but there will be examples in Lesson Seven when the plural is covered.
Nincs ott kórház.
There is not a hospital there (There is no hospital there).
Isn't there a table?
|én megyek||mi megyünk|
|te mész||ti mentek|
|o" megy||o"k mennek|
Note: Menni is an intransitive verb, so there is no definite conjugation.
Az orvos a kórházba megy.
The doctor is going to/into the hospital.
Are you going to London?
However, there are two other suffixes which mean 'to', but have slightly
The ra/re suffix means 'on to'. You see above that ba/be is used with place names. Well, for Hungarian places names the ra/re suffix is used:
Megyünk Magyarországra. Nem megyünk Amerikába.
We are going to Hungary. We are not going to America.
Most mentek Budapestre?
Are you going to Budapest now?
Mennek az egyetemre. (see note below)
They are going to the university.
Note: Some Hungarian cities do take ba/be, most notably Gyo"r and Debrecen. At one time these cities lay outside Hungary which is the reason they take the suffix used with foreign place names. Some nouns also take ra/re, such as posta and egyetem.
The final suffix meaning 'to (a point in space, as opposed to an enclosed space)' is hoz/hez/höz. English examples where this would be used are: 'to my friend's', 'to John's'. Similar to French 'chez' and German 'bei'. Look at the following:
We are going to Eva's.
Egy baráthoz megyek.
I am going to a friend's.
So you can now see the three categories of motion: to an enclosed place, on to, and to a point in space. These three distinctions are important and they also apply to the suffixes meaning 'at', 'in', 'on', and 'from' which will be covered next lesson. So for now memorize these three suffixes, ba/be, ra/re, hoz/hez/höz and remember how they are used.
Hol vagy? -Itt vagyok, a szállodában.
Where are you? -I am here, in the hotel.
Hová megy? -A postára megyek. VAGY Londonba VAGY Pestre
Where are you going? -I'm going to the post office OR to London OR to Pest.
Hová akar menni? -Péterhez akarok menni.
Where do you want to go? -I want to go to Peter's.
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