Lesson One: Some Basics
Page last updated May 6.
magyar (remember gy is pronounced like dy) -
Some sample sentences:
igen - yes
nem - no, not
angol - English
amerikai (remember to pronounce the last two vowels separately) -
nyelv - language
szép - beautiful
itt - here
no" - woman
férfi - man
nagyon - very
város - city
és - and
vagyok - I am
könnyu" - easy
A no" magyar és a férfi angol.
The woman is Hungarian and the man is English.
A város nagyon szép.
The city is very beautiful.
I am American.
A magyar nyelv könnyu".
The Hungarian language is easy.
The Definite Article
You probably deduced from the above sentences that the definite article
in Hungarian is A. Remember to pronounce it like aw and not
like the English indefinite article 'a'. A corresponds to the
English 'the' and before a word beginning with a vowel, A becomes
A város - the city
Az autó - the car
You also probably noticed that in the above sentences there was a
construction like 'A város szép' and 'A no" magyar' in which there was no
verb corresponding to the English 'is'. Hungarian does have a verb 'is'
and it is often used, but for sentences like these, called equational
sentences, it can be omitted. This rule however, only applies to 3rd
Personal Pronouns and the Irregular Verb 'Lenni'
The personal pronouns in Hungarian are as follows, along with their
corresponding forms of the verb 'lenni', 'to be':
Note: There is also a personal pronoun 'maga' and its plural
'maguk' which are the formal, or polite form of 'you'. It uses the
3rd person verb forms however.
|én vagyok I am
||mi vagyunk we are|
|te vagy you are
||ti vagytok you (plural) are|
|o" van he, she, it is
||o"k vannak they are
Te angol vagy?
Are you English (For example, one teenager to another)
Maga magyar? (remember, we can omit 'van')
Are you Hungarian? (Say, one adult stranger to another)
Like German, French, and other European languages, the forms te
and ti> are used only when speaking with close friends, family,
children, or among young people.
Omission of Personal Pronoun
When using verbs, the ending signifies the person and number, so the
of the personal pronouns is optional and they are used mainly for emphasis.
Note the following sentences:
Amerikai vagyok. (also note the preferred word order here)
Itt vagyunk. (We are here)
Translate the following sentences into English:
1. Magyar vagyok.
Translate the following into Hungarian:
2. Itt vagytok.
3. A város nagyon szép.
4. Az angol nyelv könnyu".
5. Itt a férfi.
6. I am American.
Click here for the answers.
7. The city is here.
8. The Hungarian language is easy.
9. The woman is very beautiful.
10. Yes, we are here.
Go back to the Alphabet and Pronunciation
Go to Lesson Two
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