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Romanian and Moldovan

Thanks to Renato Guerra for technical assistance.

See Also: Romance Languages

Page Content

  1. About Romanian and Moldovan
  2. Recommended Fonts
  3. Windows Keyboarding and Fonts
  4. Macintosh Keyboarding and Fonts
  5. iPhone/Droid New Page
  6. Web Development with Romanian Encoding
  7. Unicode Character Codes for HTML
  8. Links

About Romanian and Moldovan

Romanian (spoken in Romania) is a Romance language related to Spanish and French, but uses letters similar to other languages in Central Europe.

Moldovan (or Moldovan) is a very closely related language spoken in the Republic of Moldava, sometimes written in Cyrilic, but is currently written in the same Western alphabet as Romanian.

Romanian Language Links

Status of Moldovan

In 2013, the Republic of Molodova declared that Romanian and Moldovan were two names for the same language. The term Romanian was to be used for official purposes. (Library of Congress News Watch).

Some people in Moldova may still use the term Moldovan and there are some dialectal differences. For instance, the 2017 site for the President of Moldova uses the term "Moldovan" on his Moldovan Presidential website. However, the general Modovan Government site uses the term "Romanian."

Moldovan Links

Recommended Fonts

Latin-2 (Central European) Encoding

Although these languages use the Western alphabet, Czech and Slovak includes accented letters (e.g. č, š) which may not be found in all fonts.
Note: The term Central European is sometimes used to refer to the languages which use accented letters not common in Western European languages.

Common Fonts

Many common fonts such as Times New Roman, Arial, Helvetica, Comic Sans, Calibri, Cambria, Palatinto and many more do include these characters.

Third Party Fonts

Below are some additional third party Unicode fonts which include Central European characters.

Note: Many fonts designed to include phonetic characters or Greek and Western letters include Central European characters. Additional Central European or Extended Latin fonts may be available online, but users should be sure they are properly encoded fonts before installing them.

Typing Romanian

Windows

Microsoft provides keyboard utilities for Central European languages which allow you to type Central European Characters.
Note: Neither the Windows International Keyboard or ALT code repertoire includes Central European characters.

  1. See detailed keyboard activation instructions for different versions of the Windows operating system.
  2. To see where the critical keys are, go to the Microsoft Keyboard Layouts Page.
  3. You can also input characters from the Character Map. This can be useful if you only need to insert characters into only a few words.

Macintosh

Extended Keyboard Codes

You can activate the Extended Keyboard to input Central European characters.

Mac Extended Codes
V = any vowel, C =any consonant
ACCENT SAMPLE TEMPLATE
Breve ă, Ă Option+B, V
Cedille ş, Ş Option+C, C
Circumflex â, Â Option+6, V

Example 1: To input the lower case ŏ (o-breve) hold down the Option key, then the B key. Release both keys then type lowercase o.
Example 2: To input the capital Ŏ, hold down the Option key, then the B key. Release all three keys then type capital O.

Romanian Mac Keyboard Utilities

Apple also has keyboard utilities for most Central European languages. See instructions for activating a Macintosh keyboard for more details.

 

Web Development Romanian Encoding

Test Sites

If you have your browser configured correctly, the Web sites below should display the correct characters.
Note: If a site displays gibberish, see the Browser Setup page for debugging information.

If you have your browser configured correctly, the Web sites above should display Central European letters.

Historical Encodings

Unicode (utf-8) is the preferred encoding for Web sites. However, the following historic encodings may still be encountered.

Language Tags

Language Tags allow browsers and other software to process Polish text more efficiently. The following lists codes for Polish and minority languages closely related to Polish.

Status of mo Language Code

The code mo was officially deprecated in November 3, 2008. However, it still may be used in some contexts.

For instance, there is an archived Wikipedia page mo.wikipedia.org (Moldovan Wikipedia) which was written in the Cyrillic alphabet. In contrast ro.wikepedia.org (Romanian Wikipedia) is written in the Western Latin alphabet.

Inserting Unicode Character Codes for HTML

The HTML Entity Codes

Use these codes to input accented letters in HTML. For instance, if you want to type două you would type două

Be sure the appropriate Encodings and Language Tags are used.

NOTE: Because these are Unicode characters, the formatting may not exactly match that of the surrounding text depending on the browser.

Accented Vowels
Vwl Entity Code
  (194)
â â (226)
Ă Ă 
Capital A breve
ă ă
Lower
A breve
Î Î (206)
î î (238)
Consonants with Cedille
Cns Cedille Consonants
Ş Ş 
Capital S cedille
ş ş
Lower Scedille
Ţ Ţ
Capital T cedille
ţ ţ
Lower T cedille
 

European Quote Marks

Many modern texts use American style quotes, but if you wish to include European style quote marks, here are the codes. Note that these codes may not work in older browsers.

Entity Codes for Quotation Marks
Sym HTMl Entity Code
« « (left angle)
» » (right angle)
‹ (left single angle)
› (right single angle)
„(bottom quote)
‚(single bottom quote)
“(left curly quote)
‘(left single curly quote)
”(right curly quote)
’(right single curly quote)
– (en dash)
— (em dash)

 

Romanian Language Links

Moldovan

Central European Computing

Linux/Unix

Linux is used in the region so a search for specific issues may be useful.

 

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Last Modified: Monday, 26-Jun-2017 11:10:59 EDT