[an error occurred while processing this directive] Skip Menu

Occitan and Franco-Provençal

Page Content

  1. About the Languages
  2. Occitan Accent Codes
    1. Windows Alt Codes
    2. Windows International Keyboard
    3. Macintosh Accent Codes
  3. Franco-Provençal Accents - See French or Italian
  4. International Keyboards New Page
  5. Web Development
    1. Language Codes: oc (Occitan), fp (Franco-Provençal), pro (Provençal/Old Occitan to 1500)
  6. Links

About the Languages

These languages are sometimes called Lange d'Oc languages in French linguistics in contrast with Langue D'Oïl forms like French and Walloon.

About Occitan (oc)

Occitan (oc) refers to a series of related dialects in Southern France. Occitan's specific dialects include Provençal, Gascon, Limousin, and Auvergnat, all of which are reported to be mutually inteligible. Catalan is also closely related to this group of languages.
Note: Occitan dialects may also exist in Switzerland and Italy.

Franco-Provençal (fp)

Franco-Provençal or Arpitan is a third set of dialects "in between" standard French and Occitan., but spoken in the east of France, western Switerland and northern Italy. In France, this may refer to Arpitan, but includes other dialects in Switzerland (e.g. Romand) and Italy.

Windows ALT Codes

In Windows, combinations of the ALT key plus a numeric code from the number keypad can be used to type a non-English character in any Windows application.

See the detailed instructions on the ALT Code How To for complete information on implementing the code. Additional options for entering accents in Windows are also listed in the Accents section of this Web site.

See the French or Italian pages for information on Franco-Provençal accents.

Alt Codes for typing Occitan characters:

Capital Vowels
Vwl ALT Code
À ALT+0192
Á ALT+0193
È ALT+0200
É ALT+0201
Í ALT+0205
Ò ALT+0210
Ó ALT+0211
Ú ALT+0218
Lower Vowels
Vwl ALT Code
à ALT+0224
á ALT+0225
è ALT+0232
é ALT+0233
í ALT+0237
ò ALT+0242
ó ALT+0243
ú ALT+0250
Consonants, Punctuation
Sym ALT Code
Ç ALT+0199 (caps)
ç ALT+0231 (lower)
« ALT+0171 (Left Angle Quote)
» ALT+0187 (Right Angle Quote)
ALT+0128
 

Windows International Keyboard Codes

In order to use these codes you must activate the U.S. international keyboard.

Once the U.S. International keyboard has been activated, you can use the codes below.

Accented Vowels

This list is organized by Accent type. The sample shows a letter with that accent, and the Notes present any special comments about using that accent.

For the Template, the symbol "V" means type any vowel.

International Keyboard Codes for Accents
ACCENT SAMPLE TEMPLATE NOTES
Grave à À `, V ` = left single quote
Acute ó Ó ', V ' = apostrophe key

Example 1: To type lower case ó - Type the apostrophe key ('), then O.  For capital Ó, type the apostrophe, then capital O.

Consonants and Puncutation

For these codes, you must make sure you use the Alt key on the right side of the keyboard.
Note: that there is no shortcut for the joined O-E.

International Keyboard Codes for Consonants, Punctuation
Sym Code
Ç Shift+RightAlt + <
ç RightAlt + <
« RightAlt+[
» RightAlt+]
Control+RightAlt+5

Windows Occitan Keyboard

If you wish to simulate a non U.S. keyboard, follow the instructions for Activating Keyboard Locales to activate and switch Microsoft keyboards.

Macintosh Accent Codes

Accented Vowels

For the Template, the symbol "V" means any vowel. The format is to hold the first two keys down simultaneously, release, then type the vowel you wish to be accented.
Note: You should use the Extended Keyboard if you need to type accents on the letter y.

Mac Accent Codes
ACCENT SAMPLE TEMPLATE
Grave à À Option+`, V
Acute ú Ú Option+E, V

Example 1: To input the lower case ó, hold down the Option key, then the E key. Release both keys then type lowercase o.
Example 2: To input the capital Ó, hold down the Option key, then the E key. Release all three keys then type capital O.

Other Characters

Consonant/Punctuation
Sym Mac Option Code
ç Option+C
Ç Shift+Option+C
« Option+\
» Shift+Option+\
Shift+Option+2
(not on older fonts)

Web Development

This section presents information specific to Occitan. For general information about developing non-English Web sites, see the Encoding Tutorial or the Web Layout sections.

Historical Encodings

Unicode (utf-8) is the preferred encoding for Web sites. However, the following historic encodings may still be encountered.

If possible, you should transition to Unicode.

Language Codes

Language Tags allow browsers and other software to process text more efficiently. They are also important for optimal screen reader accessibility.

Below are some common codes that might be used.

HTML Entity Codes

Use these codes to input accented letters in HTML. For instance, if you want to type algú you would type alg&uacte;.

The numbers in parentheses are the numeric codes assigned in Unicode encoding. For instance, because ú is number 250, alg&#250; can also be used to input algú. These numbers are also used with the Windows Alt codes listed above.

HTML entity code for Occitan characters:

Capital Vowels
Vwl Entity Code
À &Agrave;(192)
Á &Aacute;(193)
È &Egrave; (200)
É &Eacute; (201)
Í &Iacute; (205)
Ò &Ograve; (210)
Ó &Oacute; (211)
Ú &Uacute; (218)
Lower Vowels
Vwl Entity Code
à &agrave; (224)
á &aacute; (225)
è &egrave; (232)
é &eacute; (233)
í &icirc; (237)
ò &ograve; (242)
ó &oacute; (243)
ú &uacute; (250)
Cons/Symbols
Sym Entity Code
Ç &Ccedil; (199)
ç &ccedil; (231)
« &laquo; (171)
» &raquo; (187)
&lsaquo;
&rsaquo;
&euro;
 

Linux/Unix

Occitan Language Links

Franco-Provençal Language Links

Romance Language Links

Top of Page