[an error occurred while processing this directive] Skip Menu

Mathematical Symbols in Unicode

Page Content

  1. Fonts for Math
  2. Browser Test
  3. Inserting Symbols Outside MathML
  4. Web Development
  5. Math ML
  6. Superscript and Subscript
  7. Other Links

Other Pages on Math

  1. Common Math Symbols Chart
  2. Greek Letter Unicode Chart
  3. Combining Diacritics - for and

Fonts for Math


The following Unicode fonts include a comprehensive set of mathematical characters and are free for academic use.


Freeware Fonts

Browser Test

Without MathML

The following test is just a test to see if your computer has a font with complex symbols. It is NOT a MathML test. If the "Text Version" matches the "Graphic Version", your computer has a font with mathetical symbols installed.

Math Symbol Test (Non MathML)
Graphic Graphic with logic and symbols. Logic  notation is meant to say For all OS with year greater than 2001, there exists a font that contains obscure math symbols
Text OS (year(OS) ≥ 2001 | ∃Font ∋ (∛, ∬♁∰⦖,≈))


The following tests whether your broswer supports MathML. See the MathML section for information and links about MathML.

MathML with MathJax Test
Graphic m equals begin fraction m sub 0 over begin square root 1 minus begin fraction v sup 2 over c sup 2  end fraction end square root end fraction


Inserting Symbols


Use the Windows Character Map to insert mathematical symbols.


Use the Macintosh Symbols & Emoji Character Viewer to insert mathematical symbols.

Web Development

Declare Unicode

No matter which method you use to create the document, the HTML page must be declared as a Unicode page with the following meta-tag.

<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8">

Unicode Numeric Entity Codes

You can substitute numeric entity codes for the mathematical symbols. For example:

See the Math Symbol Unicode chart or Alan Wood's Mathematical Operator Unicode table for other common symbols.

Math ML

Math ML is an XML language designed to present complex equations. MathML and HTML 5 combinations are supported, but only in the most recent browsers.

See the following links for information on how MathML can be implemented.

Math ML Links


Web pages generally do not support LaTeX directly, but many equation editors such as MathType or Wiris can convert LaTeX to MathML.

Superscript & Subscript

You can use the <sup></sup> tag to create super script text and <sub></sub> to create sub-script text. See examples below:

Code: x<sup>x+1</sup>
Result: xx+1

Code: x<sub>i+1</sub>
Result: xi+1

See the Superscript page for additional options.

Third Party Fonts

The following fonts are availble free for educational use and include most encoded mathematical and technical symbols.

Mathematic Entity Codes

Math ML Links


[an error occurred while processing this directive]

Top of Page

Last Modified: Tuesday, 27-Sep-2016 14:48:06 EDT