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Czech and Slovak

See Also: Slavic Languages

Czech (Czech Republic) and Slovak (Slovakia) are two closely related Slavic languages with similar spelling systems.

Page Content

  1. About Czech and Slovak
  2. Recommended Fonts
  3. Typing Czech and Slovak
    1. Windows Keyboards
    2. Macintosh Accent Codes & Keyboards
    3. iPhone/Droid New Page
  4. Web Development and Language Codes
  5. Unicode Character Codes for HTML
  6. Links

About Czech and Slovak

Both Czech and Slovak are West Slavic languages closely related to Polish and more distantly to Russian, Ukranian and other Slavic languages.

Both Cezch and Slovak are closely related enough that speakers may understand parts of each other's languages, but both use distinct spelling systems. The ancestor to both languages were first attested in the Middle Ages.
Note: Czech was sometimes called Bohemian, but this does not imply that it is related to German.

Czech Language Links

Slovak Language Links

Recommended Fonts

Latin-2 (Central European) Encoding

Although these languages use the Western alphabet, Czech and Slovak includes accented letters (e.g. č, š) which may not be found in all fonts.
Note: The term Central European is sometimes used to refer to the languages which use accented letters not common in Western European languages.

Common Fonts

Many common fonts such as Times New Roman, Arial, Helvetica, Comic Sans, Calibri, Cambria, Palatinto and many more do include these characters.

Third Party Fonts

Below are some additional third party Unicode fonts which include Central European characters.

Note: Many fonts designed to include phonetic characters or Greek and Western letters include Central European characters. Additional Central European or Extended Latin fonts may be available online, but users should be sure they are properly encoded fonts before installing them.

Typing Czech and Slovak

Windows

Microsoft provides keyboard utilities for Central European languages which allow you to type Central European Characters.
Note: Neither the Windows International Keyboard or ALT code repertoire includes Central European characters.

  1. See detailed keyboard activation instructions for different versions of the Windows operating system.
  2. To see where the critical keys are, go to the Microsoft Keyboard Layouts Page.
  3. You can also input characters from the Character Map. This can be useful if you only need to insert characters into only a few words.

Macintosh

Extended Keyboard Codes

You can activate the Extended Keyboard to input Central European characters.

Mac Accent Codes, X = any letter
ACCENT SAMPLE TEMPLATE
U-Ring ů,Ů Option+K, U
Hachek Caron š,Š Option+V, X
Acute ý,Ý Option+E, X
Circumflex ô,Ô Option+6, X
Umlaut ä,Ä Option+U, X

Note on Hacheck: The keyboard also converts hacheks after L,D to Ľ and ď with an "apostophe".
Note on Circumflex: Use Option+6 instead of Option+I for circumflex acents.

Czech and Slovak Mac Keyboard Utilities

Apple also has keyboard utilities for most Central European languages. See instructions for activating a Macintosh keyboard for more details.

Web Development and Language Codes

This section presents information specific to Czech and Slovak. For general information about developing non-English Web sites, see the Encoding Tutorial or the Web Layout sections.

Test Sites

If you have your browser configured correctly, the Web sites below should display the correct characters.
Note: If a site displays gibberish, see the Browser Setup page for debugging information.

Osobnosti Jennifer Lopez | David Beckham

Historical Encodings

Unicode (utf-8) is the preferred encoding for Web sites. However, the following historic encodings may still be encountered.

Language Tags

Language Tags allow browsers and other software to process Czech and Slovak text more efficiently. The appropriate codes are:

Inserting Unicode Character Codes for HTML

HTML Entity Codes

Use these codes to input accented letters in HTML for short words and phrases. For instance, if you want to type čtrnáct you would type čtrnáct.
Note: Be sure the appropriate Encodings and Language Tags are used.


Note on Hacheck Caron: The hacheck mark for L,D is visually similar to an apostrophe.

Vowel Symbols

Vowels with Acute Accent
Vwl Entity Codes
Á Á (193)
á á (225)
É É (201)
é é (233)
Í Í (205)
í í(237)
Ó Ó (211)
ó ó (243)
Ú Ú (218)
ú ú (250)
Ý Ý (221)
ý ý (253)

Other Vowel Accents
Vwl Entity Codes
Ä Ä (196)
Capital A umlaut
ä ä (228)
Lower A umlaut
Ě Ě
Capital E hachek
ě ě
Lower
E-hachek
Ô Ô (212)
Capital O circumflex
ô ô (244)
Lower O circumflex
Ů Ů
Capital U-ring
ů ů
Lower U-ring

Consonant Symbols

Consonants with Acute Accent
Let Entity Codes
Ĺ Ĺ
Capital L acute
ĺ ĺ
Lower L-acute
Ŕ Ŕ 
C
apital R acute
ŕ ŕ
Lower R-acute

 

Consonants with Hachek
Let Entity Codes
Č Č 
Capital C hachek
č č
Lower C hachek
Ď Ď 
Capital D hachek
ď ď  
Lower D hachek 
Ľ Ľ
Capital L hachek
ľ ľ
Lower L-hachek
Ň Ň 
Capital N hachek
ň ň
Lower N-hachek
Ř Ř 
Capital R hachek
ř ř
Lower R-hachek
Š Š 
Capital S hachek
š š
Lower S-hachek
Ť Ť 
Capital T hachek
ť ť  
Lower T hachek (apos)
Ž Ž
Capital Z hachek
ž ž
Lower Z-hachek

 

European Quote Marks

Many modern texts use American style quotes, but if you wish to include European style quote marks, here are the codes. Note that these codes may not work in older browsers.

Entity Codes for Quotation Marks
Sym HTMl Entity Code
« « (left angle)
» » (right angle)
‹ (left single angle)
› (right single angle)
„(bottom quote)
‚(single bottom quote)
“(left curly quote)
‘(left single curly quote)
”(right curly quote)
’(right single curly quote)
– (en dash)
— (em dash)

Czech Language Links

Slovak Language Links

Central European Computing Links

Linux

Linux is used in the region so a search for specific issues may be useful.

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Last Modified: Monday, 26-Jun-2017 11:02:55 EDT