Explanatory Phrases
(Table 8)

The following table lists a number of explanatory phrases (some of which contain abbreviations) commonly used in indicating prior or subsequent history and weight of authority of judicial decisions. As indicated below, those phrases (such as "aff'g" or "overruled by") that are followed by a case citation as their direct object are not followed by commas. Those phrases (such as "cert denied,") introducing a case citation for the action indicated by the explanatory phrase are followed by commas (which are not italicized, see rule 2.1(f)). See rule 10.7 for guidance in using explanatory phrases.

acq.
acq. in result
aff'd,
aff'd by an equally divided court,
aff'd mem.,
aff'd on other grounds,
aff'd on reh'g,
aff'g
amended by
appeal denied,
appeal dismissed,
appeal docketed,
appeal filed,
argued,

cert. denied,
cert. dismissed,
cert. granted,
certifying questions to

denying cert. to
dismissing appeal from

enforced,
enforcing

mandamus denied,
modified,
modifying

nonacq.

overruled by

petition for cert. filed,
prob. juris. noted,

reh'g granted [denied],
rev'd,
rev'd on other grounds,
rev'd per curiam,
rev'g

vacated,
vacating as moot

withdrawn,