Instructional Goals and Objectives

Affective Objectives

Affective objectives are designed to change an individual's attitude, choices, and relationships.


Krathwohl and Bloom created a taxonomy for the affective domain that lists levels of commitment (indicating affect) from lowest to highest.

Image created by the author, covered under this site's CC License.
A pryamid showing the affective domain categories.
Affective Domain

The levels are described as follows:

Affective Domain Hierarchy
Level Definition Example
Receiving Being aware of or attending to something in the environment. Individual reads a book passage about civil rights.
Responding Showing some new behaviors as a result of experience. Individual answers questions about the civil rights book, reads another book by the same author, another book about civil rights, etc.
Valuing Showing some definite involvement or commitment. The individual demonstrates this by voluntarily attending a lecture on civil rights.
Organization Integrating a new value into one's general set of values, giving it some ranking among one's general priorities. The individual arranges a civil rights rally.
Characterization by Value Acting consistently with the new value. The individual is firmly committed to the value, perhaps becoming a civil rights leader.

Here are key verbs for each level you can use when writing affective objectives:

Key Action Verbs for the Affective Domain
Receivng Responding Valuing Organization Characterization
  • accept
  • attend
  • develop
  • recognize
  • complete
  • comply
  • cooperate
  • discuss
  • examine
  • obey
  • respond
  • accept
  • defend
  • devote
  • pursue
  • seek
  • codify
  • discriminate
  • display
  • order
  • organize
  • systematize
  • weigh
  • internalize
  • verify

Additional Links


Krathwohl, D.R., Bloom,B.S. and  Masia, B. B. (1964).Taxonomy of educational objectives, Book II. Affective domain. New York, NY. David McKay Company, Inc.