Instructional Goals and Objectives

Activities and Instructional Objectives

Your activities should align with and flow naturally from your objectives. Activities can include discussions, writing papers, doing projects, solving problems, etc.

Dwyer, 1991 – "If your final objective is to have learners engage in problem-solving,you inspect the instructional unit to make sure that the content contains the appropriate facts, concepts, rules/principles, etc. which are a prerequisite for that intended learners to engage in successful problem-solving."

Here are some questions to ask yourself when creating activities:

You want to select student activities based on the level of the objectives. Following are some examples of student activities related to different levels of cognitive learning.

Matching Activities with Objectives
Level of Learning Student Activities
Facts Self-check quizzes, trivia games, etc.
Concepts Have students show examples/non-examples, student generated flowchart, etc.
Rules/Principles Design projects and prototypes, simulations, etc.
Problem Solving Case study, small group discussion, critical thinking, teamwork, etc.

Additional Links

Offline References

Dwyer, F. M.(1991). A paradigm for generating curriculum design oriented research questions in distance education. Second American Symposium Research in Distance Education, University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University.

Heinrich, R., Molenda, M., Russell, J.D., Smaldino, S.E. (1996). Instructional Media and Technologies for Learning. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Merrill.