Dementia and Art Therapy Part 2


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 The results of the experiment varied on many different levels. Within the article they provided graphs based on the measured tests where it showed that most of the time mood scores on the tests slightly increased within the art therapy groups, where as the physical group stayed pretty consistent and had no drastic increase or decrease.

           What they found was that there were positive effects based on calmness, physical involvement, and sociability within the art therapy groups. There were positive changes found as well within the recreational groups, however the improvements were limited between 15 and 20 weeks of active participation. Although the change with the art therapy was subtle and not terribly drastic, they found that art therapy had a more positive effect for people with dementia across a span of time. However, both art therapy and recreational therapy show positive outcomes. Finally out of the 45 participants, ten participants died, five moved away, nine had incomplete data, and 21 completed the experiment throughout the 9 months of work. Their overall conclusion stated that the recreational therapy did not have long lasting effects and showed significantly negative change over time, where as art therapy showed more positive results as time went on and lasted a lot longer.

           The article also mentioned any possible biased results that could have occurred. They made sure to state that there were no biased recordings on positive behavior based from the art therapist's perspective because if this was the case, the results would have been more similar. In saying that they would assume that the Occupational therapists running the recreational group would have made biased behavior recordings on increase of positive moods as well, however the results do not show such proof.

           Based on the experiment, I agreed with majority of their decisions when it came to measuring their results. I first thought of having self- report measures as a way to collect improvements on mood, behaviors, and social interaction. However, I then thought of how likely are elders with dementia willing to talk and communicate about their feelings. They may not have the physical, emotional, or mental energy given their illness. I do wish that the article would have included more specific details on what types of art projects and recreational activities they used to interact with the patients. This would help give a better understanding of how in depth these activities were. They also did not do a good job at explaining why physical activities took longer to have a positive effect, where in the end they ended up having negative effects. Why did the art therapy increase their moods and social skills? What exactly was it about the recreational group to cause shorter positive effects than the art therapy? I think such questions are important to consider when analyzing data. 

http://gaq.sagepub.com/content/39/4/517.abstract

 

 

3 Comments

I found this post particularly interesting. My aunt died from Alzheimer's & I was always wondering if there was some way that we, as a family, could have improved/boosted her quality of life. This video found of WebMD, http://www.webmd.com/alzheimers/alzheimers-therapies-music-art-more , convinced me that art & music therapy can drastically improve the lives affected by Dementia.

This is a very interesting topic. Obviously many people have various diseases and are ill out in the world. Some treatments we have do work and others are pointless. This is an interesting alternative to traditional treatments and could possibly help a certain section of the population. My Grandma was struggling for a while and after she was better she did hear about this treatment and wished she had tried it. Hopefully there is more evidence to back this up later.

This was a very interesting and informative topic. It provides a different alternative then the usual drug that is prescribed to people. Hopefully this method works and is efficient because it could help in many ways such a finically less of a burden and not so hard on the body! Check out this link to see what other diseases can be cured and prevented by vegetables! http://www.indianhindunames.com/blog/cure-disease-fruits-vegetables/

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