cs is the English ch as in 'check'
gy is one sound pronounced like dy, or the d in 'adulation'
j, ly are both pronounced as y like 'yes'
ny is pronounced like the Spanish ñ and like the ni in the English word 'onion'
s Be careful! This is always pronounced like sh as in 'shun' and 'ship'
sz like a regular English s as in 'sell', never pronounced as a z like 'rose'
ty a soft t sound, pronounced much as it looks; say 'at your' fast
zs like the s in 'pleasure'
The letters q, w, x, y are not Hungarian and appear only in foreign words or in some family names. The English sound /j/ as in 'jet' appears in foreign words and is spelled dzs in Hungarian.
Note: Double consonants are pronounced long, like the final and initial
/k/ sound in 'book-case'. When a double consonant occurs at the end of a
word, try to linger on the sound slightly. With consonants like gy,
ny, ty, sz etc. only the first letter of the cluster is doubled
(ssz, ggy, etc.)
á a very open sound, between the a in 'matter' and the a in (American) 'father'
e the sound in 'set' and 'bed'
é Like the sound in 'way' but with the back of the tongue higher in the mouth
i not quite as short as the sound in 'sit', more like the short ee in 'feet' and 'meet'
í a long ee as in 'feed' and 'bleed'
o like the sound in 'stole' and 'sold'
ó a long o, as in 'rogue' and 'rode'
u a short oo as in 'boot'
ú a long oo as in 'food' and 'cool'
ö as in German ö, say French 'peu' and 'le'
o" a longer version of ö, like German 'schön' (Note: o" really looks like an o with a quotation mark or double acute accent on top, but is represented here with a quote next to it)
ü like German ü and French u as in 'début'. English speakers, round lips as if to say o but say ee
u" a longer version of ü (Note: like o", written with double accent on top, but represented here with a quote next to it)
Note: There are no diphthongs in Hungarian, so always pronounce each vowel separately.